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Utility Software

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 09 Sep, 2021

What is utility software? 
These software analyzes and maintain a computer. These software are focused on how OS works on that basis it perform task to enable smooth functioning of computer. These software may come along with OS like windows defender, windows disk cleanup tool. 
Antivirus, backup software, file manager, disk compression tool all are utility software. 

Some of the popular utility software are described below 
Antivirus:It is used to protect a computer from the virus. It detects a virus and notify the user and take action to secure the computer. The virus are kept in different location called vault where it has different file system due to which virus effect it. User can itself instruct antivirus to delete malicious program, put it in vault or even ignore it. These days most come in GUI form. 
The first antivirus program appeared in 1987 with the introduction of an antivirus program from G Data Software for the Atari ST. Later in the same year, VirusScan was introduced by John McAfee, which later became the McAfee antivirus program. 
Examples: Windows Defender, AVG, AVAST, MCAFEE, etc. 

File Management Tool: 
The software is used to manage files stored in a file system. It can be used to create, group file. Like Windows File Explorer is a file management tool. 
File system (like FAT32, NTFS) should not be confused with File management tool former is a data structure used to store file in an OS while later is used to perform task on file stored in the file System. 

Some examples of File management Tool are: 
File Manager in Windows. 
macOS Finder. 
Directory Opus. 
Dolphin in KDE. 

Compression Tool: 
These tool are used to reduce the size of a file based on the selected algorithm. 
Most operating systems include tools for compressing and uncompressing files.Linux has tools for both .tar.gz and .zip. Other compressed files, like .7z and .rar, require a third-party compression utility to be installed. 

Some Examples are: 
WinAce 
WinZip 
WinRAR 
7-Zip 
PKZIP 

DISK MANAGEMENT TOOL
Disk Management is utility first introduced in Window XP as a replacement of the fdisk command.It enables us to view or manage the disk drives installed in their computer and the partition associated with those drives. 
Disk Management is used to manage the drives installed in a computer- like hard disk drives, and flash drives. It can be used to partition drives, assign drive letters, and much more. 
Some Disk Management tools are:- 
• Mini Tool Partition Wizard 
• Paragon Partition Manager 
• EaseUS Partition Master 
• SMART Monitoring Tools 
• AOMEI Partition Assistant 

DISK CLEANUP TOOL : 
It is computer utility maintenance which is included in Microsoft Windows. It allows user to remove files that are no longer needed or that can be safely deleted. Removing unnecessary files, including temporary files, can help to improve the functioning and increase the free space of the computer. Running Disk Cleanup at least once a month is an excellent maintenance task. 
Disk Cleanup tool can delete temporary internet files, old check disk files, compress old files and offline webpages. Disk Cleanup also allows you to empty the Recycle Bin, delete temporary files, and delete Thumbnails. 
Some Disk Cleanup software are:- 
• Iolo System mechanic 
• IObit Advanced systemCare 
• Piriform CCleaner 
• Razer Cortex 

DISK DEFRAGMENTER: 
It is a utility in Microsoft Windows designed to increase access speed by rearranging file stored on a disk to occupy contiguous storage locations, a technique is called 
Defragmentation. 
Defragmenting a disk minimizes head travel, which reduces the time it takes to read files from and write files to the disk. 
The defragmenter will search your hard drive partition and move data from one location to other location, so that the files stored there are one contiguous piece, instead of being throughout multiple locations on the hard drive’s partition. 
Some Disk Defragmenter are:- 
• Auslogics Disk Defrag 
• MyDefrag 
• Perfect disk 
• Deflaggler
 

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