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Geography NCERT Notes and Study Material For UPSC Exam 2024

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Geography NCERT Notes For UPSC Exam: Access complete UPSC Geography study material, including valuable insights from UPSC Geography NCERT, for effective Geography exam preparation. Geography is one of the crucial subjects you need to strengthen your basics in if you’re preparing for the UPSC exam. And for that, you need to be thorough with the Important topics of Geography for UPSC exams.

This article covers the complete Geography subject for both the General Studies paper in the UPSC Prelims and the GS Paper 1 in the UPSC (Main) examination. So, you need to study the Important Topics of Geography for the UPSC Prelims and Mains exam.

Syllabus wise Notes For UPSC Exam

Most Important Indian Geography Notes for UPSC Exam (Prelims and Mains)

Geography establishes the relevance of human existence, the components that are favourable to life, and the aspects that are not conducive to human life in the UPSC framework of the syllabus. 

The UPSC geography notes and syllabus is split into numerous micro topics, which are covered the below:

UPSC Geography Notes – Prelims
  • Indian Geography
  • World Geography
  • Physical Geography
  • Human SalientGeography
UPSC Geography Notes – Mains
  • Distribution of Key Natural Resources
  • Geophysical Phenomena
  • Salient Features of World’s Physical Geography like Geomorphology, Climatology, Oceanography, and Biography
UPSC Geography Optional Syllabus
  • Physical Geography
  • Human Geography
  • Geography of India

UPSC Geography Syllabus for Mains Exam

Geography is covered in GS paper I of the UPSC mains exam. The GS Geography syllabus is as follows:

  1. Distribution of key natural resources across the world including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent; factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world including India.
  2. Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, tsunamis, Volcanic activity, cyclones, etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
  3. Salient features of the world’s physical geography (geomorphology, climatology, oceanography, biogeography, and environmental geography)-

UPSC Geography Syllabus for Optional Paper

The UPSC geography optional syllabus’s scoring ability and ration nature make it a popular choice among students from both Arts and Science courses. Let us first examine the structure of the UPSC geography optional.

Geography Syllabus for UPSC TopicsMarks
UPSC Geography Optional Syllabus Paper 1Physical Geography and Human Geography250
UPSC Geography Optional Syllabus Paper 2Geography of India250

If you have chosen Geography as an optional subject for the UPSC Mains, you should prepare properly by studying previous years’ exams and reading appropriate books on Geography for UPSC. Mapping questions should always be included in preparation because they are a continual aspect of the question paper format. IAS aspirants may ensure success by combining their preparation for Geography optional with preparation for General Studies in prelims and mains.



Last Updated : 18 Jan, 2024
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