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Polity Notes for UPSC Exam 2023

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Polity Notes for UPSC: If you are preparing for the UPSC civil services exam, you would be aware that political science is an unavoidable and most looked-upon section of the UPSC syllabus – both for the IAS UPSC prelims and the mains. It is also available as an optional subject in the UPSC main exams. This article discusses the most important topics of political science for UPSC Prelims, UPSC Mains, and General Studies Paper 2. GeeksforGeeks has brought Important Topics of Political Science to you which can help you get your political science queries solved.

Polity Notes for UPSC


UPSC Notes For UPSC 2023:

Most Important Polity Notes for UPSC 2023

It is important that you have a strong interest in the topic before selecting it as an option. If you are interested in political science, read the UPSC political science topic-wise important questions thoroughly.

  1. Election Deposit Rule in India
  2. Types of Jurisdiction of Supreme Court
  3. Fundamental Rights of Foreigners in India
  4. An Analysis of 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act (CAA 1976)
  5. Solicitor General of India
  6. State Finance Commission
  7. Election of the Vice President
  8. Key Challenges and Strategies for Municipal Governance
  9. Cabinet Secretary of India
  10. Ordinance Making Power of President and Governor
  11. Indian Constitution Twenty Fourth Amendment Act, 1971
  12. The Competition Commission Of India ( CCI)
  13. Eighty-Sixth Amendment Act 2002
  14. The 92nd Amendment of the Indian Constitution
  15. Power of Election Commission of India
  16. Right To Speedy Trial
  17. Ninety-Seventh Amendment Act 2011 In Indian Constitution
  18. Fundamental Rights And Writs Of India
  19. Functions of Election Commission
  20. Fifth Schedule of the Constitution of India
  21. Indian Preamble and its Objectives
  22. Sixty-First Amendment Act, 1989 in Indian Constitution
  23. The Inter-State Council
  24. Which Fundamental Rights Can Never Be Suspended During National Emergency?
  25. Can an Indian citizen be punished for violation of Fundamental Duties?
  26. When was the Planning Commission set up?
  27. Attorney General Of India
  28. Economically Weaker Section (EWS) Reservation
  29. At present how many Fundamental Duties are in the Constitution of India?
  30. Why Was Right to Property Removed From Fundamental Rights?
  31. What is the 88th Amendment Act 2003 of the Indian Constitution?
  32. Why Fundamental Duties Are Not Enforceable By Law?
  33. Role and Functions of NGOs
  34. Public Interest Litigation
  35. The Government of India Act 1935
  36. Special Provisions for Some States
  37. Electoral Reforms in India
  38. The Constituent Assembly of India: Features & its Committees
  39. Urban Local Bodies in India
  40. Role of Judicial Activism in Fundamental Rights
  41. Causes for Widespread Poverty in India
  42. Types of Government’s Funds
  43. The Office of Speaker of Lok Sabha
  44. Amendment in Indian Constitution: Procedure, Modes, and Types
  45. Cultural & Educational Rights – Articles 29 and 30
  46. Major Sources of Indian Constitution
  47. Fund Mismanagement in NGOs
  48. Directive Principles of State Policy
  49. Philosophy of the Indian Constitution
  50. E-Governance: Challenges and Advantages
  51. Challenges in Indian Education System
  52. Freedom of Religion Guaranteed Under Indian Constitution
  53. Public Accounts Committee
  54. Role of Civil Services in a Democracy
  55. Salient Features of the Representation of People’s Act, 1951
  56. Relationship Between Parliament and Judiciary
  57. National Commission For Scheduled Tribes
  58. National Commission For Scheduled Castes
  59. National Commission For Backward Classes
  60. National Commission For Women
  61. Financial Emergency and its Consequences
  62. Right to Information Act, 2005
  63. Cut Motions – Policy Cut, Economy Cut and Token Cut
  64. Major Failures of National Planning Commission
  65. Advantages of Multi-Party System in Democracy
  66. In Indian Democracy, the Executive are More Responsible and Accountable
  67. Law Making Procedure in Parliament
  68. Importance and Functions of the Administrative Machinery
  69. Difference Between Parliamentary and Presidential Form of Government
  70. Powers and Functions of Lokpal and Lokayukta
  71. Caste System is Assuming New Identities and Associational Forms
  72. Democracy Produce an Accountable, Responsive and Legitimate Government
  73. Discretionary Powers of President of India
  74. Role of Quasi-Judicial Bodies
  75. Powers and Functions of Election Commission of India
  76. Types of Parliamentary Committees and Their Roles
  77. Uniqueness of Indian Society in Sustaining its Culture
  78. Main Objective of Distribution of Powers Between Centre and States
  79. Cooperation, Competition, and Confrontation Have Shaped the Nature of Federation in India
  80. Importance of Local Government Bodies
  81. Central States Relation: Power Sharing System in India
  82. The Importance of Parliament
  83. Democracy is a Government of People, For the People and By the People
  84. Role of Regional Parties in India
  85. Article-19 and Social Media Regulation
  86. The Importance of Democracy
  87. Comptroller and Auditor General of India (Article 148-151)
  88. Difference Between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
  89. Roles and Functions of Local Government
  90. Types of Social Movements
  91. How Do Social Division Affect Politics in India?
  92. Types of Writs in Indian Constitution
  93. Right to Freedom of Religion in India (Articles 25-28)
  94. Fundamental Rights of India (Articles 12-35)
  95. Difference Between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy
  96. Fundamental Rights Protected By Indian Constitution
  97. Key Features of Federalism
  98. Right Against Exploitation
  99. Why Do We Need Rights in a Democracy?
  100. Evolution of Concept of Basic Structure
  101. What is Rule of Law?
  102. Role of Pressure Groups and its Influence on Politics
  103. Article 14 – Right to Equality
  104. Judicial System: Challenges and Reform
  105. Taxes Collected by Panchayat
  106. Nyaya Panchayat
  107. Judicial Review in India
  108. Article 169
  109. The Indian Constitution Twenty-First Amendment Act, 1967
  110. Environment Protection under Fundamental Duties
  111. Difference Between Ordinary Bill and Money Bill
  112. PESA (Panchayat Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act 1996
  113. Veto Powers of the Governor and President Regarding a Money Bill
  114. Election Deposit Rule in India
  115. The Administrative Tribunals
  116. National Service Scheme
  117. 56th Constitutional Amendment Act: Goa Full-Fledged State
  118. Eleventh Amendment Act, 1961 of the Constitution of India
  119. Which Committee Advocated the Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution?
  120. Role of Caste in Indian Politics
  121. Anti-Federalist vs Federalist
  122. Communism vs Fascism
  123. Role Of The Opposition Party In Democracy

Polity Syllabus for UPSC Preliminary Examination

The UPSC examination syllabus for Polity Prelims is given here:

  • Political system
  • Indian polity and governance- Constitution
  • Rights Issues, Panchayati Raj Public Policy, etc. 

Below you can find the comprehensive topics of the UPSC Preliminary Polity Syllabus:

TopicsPolity Syllabus
  • Terms in the Preamble
  • 42nd Amendment
  • Swaran Singh committee
Constitution of India
  • Basic idea about Article 5-11
  • Citizenship Amendment Act 2016
  • Schemes, new policies, and recent changes in voting.
Fundamental Rights
Fundamental Duties
Directive Principles of State Policy
State Government- State Executive
  • Governor– appointment, and special powers.
  • Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial powers and discretionary powers of the governor
  • 7th constitutional amendment
  • Chief minister and the council of ministers
  • Power of chief minister
State Legislature
  • State legislature compared to the Parliament with regard to powers, composition, and functions.
  • Bicameral legislature
  • Creation and abolition of the Legislative councils
Administration of Special Areas
  • Basic idea about 5thSchedule and 6th Schedule
  • Recent problems related to Administration of Special Areas
  • Special provision for states Article 371
Emergency Provisions
  • National Emergency- Article 352
  • President’s rule or State emergency- Article 356
  • Financial Emergency-Article 360
  • 44th amendment act
  • Effects and implications of emergency
  • Role of President in emergency time
  • The State of FR, Lok sabha, and Rajya sabha
  • Revoking Emergency
Panchayati raj and municipalities
  • Elections, auditing, powers and authority of panchayats
  • 3 tier structure
  • 73rd Amendment Act and 74th Amendment Act
  • Relation with FR and DPSP
  • Schemes introduced
  • Metropolitan planning committee and urban development
  • Reservation
Constitutional Bodies
Current Affairs
  • Recent issues related to the above-mentioned categories
  • Important schemes, programs, missions, laws, and policies launched by the government.
  • Recent Government Bills and Governance- actions

Tips for UPSC Exam On Polity Subject:

The Constitution is the bible of civil service aspirants. The ways to understand the Indian Polity UPSC Notes are stated below:

  • Read the articles carefully. This will assist you in developing a fundamental grasp of each Article. This approach needs repeated reading. The more you read, the more you’ll remember.
  • Prepare a brief message with highlighted keywords that is pragmatically related to a current topic. The goal should be to extract the essence of the required knowledge according to the UPSC curriculum.
  • Refer to the UPSC previous year’s papers and begin tackling question papers.
  • Go for NCERT books (Class XI – Political Science: Indian Constitution at Work (New), Class XII – Political Science I: Contemporary World Politics (New), Class XII – Political Science II: Politics in India since Independence(New)).
  • Read Newspapers like The Hindu, Indian Express, and Kurukshetra Magazines.

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Last Updated : 11 May, 2023
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