Ubuntu Linux – The Jammy Jellyfish 22.04 LTS
Canonical released the latest LTS (long-term support release) of their popular open-source Linux distribution Ubuntu this month on 21st April 2022. This article will go through the latest features of the newer release and much more.
Some Important points about Ubuntu :
- Ubuntu is one of the most popular opensource Linux distributions aimed at desktop and server usage
- Ubuntu releases its Long term support releases every two years and interim releases every 6 months
- LTS or long term support releases are Ubuntu’s most stable releases which are supported for 5 years and are generally recommended for average desktop users and system admins alike (Note: non-LTS are supported for only 9 months and are not recommended for prime time usage)
- Ubuntu’s LTS releases are also base for many other Linux distributions including but not limited to Linux Mint, Elementary OS, Zorin OS, Pop!_OS, etc
- Ubuntu 22.04 LTS (Jammy Jellyfish) is the successor of the previous LTS release, Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa)
New Features :
- GNOME 42: The new Default Desktop Environment (DE) is GNOME 42 which has GTK 4 with libadwaita in it. This in itself is responsible for a much more modern and sleek UI and brings in support for Horizontal workspaces. GTK 4 also brings in newer apps versions of many apps, however, LTS being a highly stable release, not all apps are shipping with GTK 4 on launch and some apps will still be left at older gtk 3 versions for sake of increased stability.
- New Installer: The newer installer is based on Google’s Flutter framework and is revamped to look more in sync with the newer look of the desktop and Ubuntu’s omnipresent yaru theme. The installer is very similar to the one that first appeared in Ubuntu 21.10 (Impish Indri)
- Linux Kernel 5.15: This kernel comes with a stable base and a bunch of features including newer NTFS3 drivers, in-kernel SMB file service, Ext4 improvements, and better support for newer hardware including alder lake and apple M1.
- User Experience (UX) Changes
- New tweaking options for Ubuntu Dock
- Better multitasking support
- More coherent desktop UI
- The choice of accent colors
- Power profile potions
- Wayland by default (brings better display support and also support for improved touchpad gestures)
- Curved UI
- Newer apps: Screenshot Utility has been dramatically improved with better UI and options to take screenshots of a particular app and even functionality to record the screen. Apart from this, another big change is that Firefox is installed as a snap-on install. a lot of apps like Nautilus and LibreOffice also arrive with much-needed updates.
- Other changes
- GCC 11
- Mesa 22
- PHP 8.1
- OpenSSL 3.0
- Python 3.10.0
- Grub 2.06
- LibreOffice 184.108.40.206
- Nautilus (Files) 42.0
How to switch
There are two ways to switch the first option is to do a clean install of the OS and the second option is to upgrade an existing installation of Ubuntu when the notification to upgrade pops up in a few weeks or to use the software updater tool to do the same.