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Second most repeated word in a sequence
  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 01 Jun, 2021

Given a sequence of strings, the task is to find out the second most repeated (or frequent) string in the given sequence.(Considering no two words are the second most repeated, there will be always a single word).

Examples: 

Input : {"aaa", "bbb", "ccc", "bbb", 
         "aaa", "aaa"}
Output : bbb

Input : {"geeks", "for", "geeks", "for", 
          "geeks", "aaa"}
Output : for

Asked in : Amazon

  1. Store all the words in a map with their occurrence with word as key and its occurrence as value.
  2. Find the second largest value in the map.
  3. Traverse the map again and return the word with occurrence value equals to second max value.

C++




// C++ program to find out the second
// most repeated word
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the word
string secMostRepeated(vector<string> seq)
{
 
    // Store all the words with its occurrence
    unordered_map<string, int> occ;
    for (int i = 0; i < seq.size(); i++)
        occ[seq[i]]++;
 
    // find the second largest occurrence
    int first_max = INT_MIN, sec_max = INT_MIN;
    for (auto it = occ.begin(); it != occ.end(); it++) {
        if (it->second > first_max) {
            sec_max = first_max;
            first_max = it->second;
        }
 
        else if (it->second > sec_max &&
                 it->second != first_max)
            sec_max = it->second;
    }
 
    // Return string with occurrence equals
    // to sec_max
    for (auto it = occ.begin(); it != occ.end(); it++)
        if (it->second == sec_max)
            return it->first;
}
 
// Driver program
int main()
{
    vector<string> seq = { "ccc", "aaa", "ccc",
                          "ddd", "aaa", "aaa" };
    cout << secMostRepeated(seq);
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to find out the second
// most repeated word
 
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG
{
    // Method to find the word
    static String secMostRepeated(Vector<String> seq)
    {
        // Store all the words with its occurrence
        HashMap<String, Integer> occ = new HashMap<String,Integer>(seq.size()){
            @Override
            public Integer get(Object key) {
                 return containsKey(key) ? super.get(key) : 0;
            }
        };
        
        for (int i = 0; i < seq.size(); i++)
            occ.put(seq.get(i), occ.get(seq.get(i))+1);
      
        // find the second largest occurrence
       int first_max = Integer.MIN_VALUE, sec_max = Integer.MIN_VALUE;
         
       Iterator<Map.Entry<String, Integer>> itr = occ.entrySet().iterator();
       while (itr.hasNext())
       {
           Map.Entry<String, Integer> entry = itr.next();
           int v = entry.getValue();
           if( v > first_max) {
                sec_max = first_max;
                first_max = v;
            }
      
            else if (v > sec_max &&
                     v != first_max)
                sec_max = v;
       }
        
       // Return string with occurrence equals
        // to sec_max
       itr = occ.entrySet().iterator();
       while (itr.hasNext())
       {
           Map.Entry<String, Integer> entry = itr.next();
           int v = entry.getValue();
           if (v == sec_max)
                return entry.getKey();
       }
        
       return null;
    }
     
    // Driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        String arr[] = { "ccc", "aaa", "ccc",
                         "ddd", "aaa", "aaa" };
        List<String> seq =  Arrays.asList(arr);
         
        System.out.println(secMostRepeated(new Vector<>(seq)));
    }   
}
// This program is contributed by Gaurav Miglani

Python3




# Python3 program to find out the second
# most repeated word
 
# Function to find the word
def secMostRepeated(seq):
     
    # Store all the words with its occurrence
    occ = {}
    for i in range(len(seq)):
        occ[seq[i]] = occ.get(seq[i], 0) + 1
 
    # Find the second largest occurrence
    first_max = -10**8
    sec_max = -10**8
 
    for it in occ:
        if (occ[it] > first_max):
            sec_max = first_max
            first_max = occ[it]
             
        elif (occ[it] > sec_max and
              occ[it] != first_max):
            sec_max = occ[it]
 
    # Return with occurrence equals
    # to sec_max
    for it in occ:
        if (occ[it] == sec_max):
            return it
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == '__main__':
     
    seq = [ "ccc", "aaa", "ccc",
            "ddd", "aaa", "aaa" ]
    print(secMostRepeated(seq))
 
# This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29

C#




// C# program to find out the second
// most repeated word
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
 
class GFG
{
    // Method to find the word
    static String secMostRepeated(List<String> seq)
    {
        // Store all the words with its occurrence
        Dictionary<String, int> occ =
        new Dictionary<String, int>();
                 
        for (int i = 0; i < seq.Count; i++)
            if(occ.ContainsKey(seq[i]))
                occ[seq[i]] = occ[seq[i]] + 1;
            else
                occ.Add(seq[i], 1);
     
        // find the second largest occurrence
        int first_max = int.MinValue,
            sec_max = int.MinValue;
         
        foreach(KeyValuePair<String, int> entry in occ)
        {
            int v = entry.Value;
            if( v > first_max)
            {
                sec_max = first_max;
                first_max = v;
            }
         
            else if (v > sec_max &&
                    v != first_max)
                sec_max = v;
        }
         
        // Return string with occurrence equals
        // to sec_max
        foreach(KeyValuePair<String, int> entry in occ)
        {
            int v = entry.Value;
            if (v == sec_max)
                return entry.Key;
        }
             
        return null;
    }
     
    // Driver method
    public static void Main(String[] args)
    {
        String []arr = { "ccc", "aaa", "ccc",
                        "ddd", "aaa", "aaa" };
        List<String> seq = new List<String>(arr);
         
        Console.WriteLine(secMostRepeated(seq));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Rajput-Ji

Output: 

ccc

Reference: 
https://www.careercup.com/question?id=5748104113422336
This article is contributed by Sahil Chhabra. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
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