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Minimum Number of Manipulations required to make two Strings Anagram Without Deletion of Character
  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 30 Apr, 2021

Given two strings s1 and s2, we need to find the minimum number of manipulations required to make two strings anagram without deleting any character. 

Note:- The anagram strings have same set of characters, sequence of characters can be different. 
If deletion of character is allowed and cost is given, refer to Minimum Cost To Make Two Strings Identical
Question Source: Yatra.com Interview Experience | Set 7 

Examples: 

Input : 
       s1 = "aba"
       s2 = "baa"
Output : 0
Explanation: Both String contains identical characters

Input :
       s1 = "ddcf"
       s2 = "cedk"
Output : 2
Explanation : Here, we need to change two characters
in either of the strings to make them identical. We 
can change 'd' and 'f' in s1 or 'e' and 'k' in s2.

Assumption: Length of both the Strings is considered similar 

C++




// C++ Program to find minimum number
// of manipulations required to make
// two strings identical
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
    // Counts the no of manipulations
    // required
    int countManipulations(string s1, string s2)
    {
         
        int count = 0;
 
        // store the count of character
        int char_count[26];
         
        for (int i = 0; i < 26; i++)
        {
            char_count[i] = 0;
        }
 
        // iterate though the first String
        // and update count
        for (int i = 0; i < s1.length(); i++)
            char_count[s1[i] - 'a']++;
 
        // iterate through the second string
        // update char_count.
        // if character is not found in
        // char_count then increase count
        for (int i = 0; i < s2.length(); i++)
        {
            char_count[s2[i] - 'a']--;      
        }
       
        for(int i = 0; i < 26; ++i)
        {
          if(char_count[i] != 0)
          {
            count+=abs(char_count[i]);
          }
        }
        return count;
    }
 
    // Driver code
    int main()
    {
 
        string s1 = "ddcf";
        string s2 = "cedk";
         
        cout<<countManipulations(s1, s2);
    }
  
// This code is contributed by vt_m.

Java




// Java Program to find minimum number of manipulations
// required to make two strings identical
public class Similar_strings {
 
    // Counts the no of manipulations required
    static int countManipulations(String s1, String s2)
    {
        int count = 0;
 
        // store the count of character
        int char_count[] = new int[26];
 
        // iterate though the first String and update
        // count
        for (int i = 0; i < s1.length(); i++)
            char_count[s1.charAt(i) - 'a']++;       
 
        // iterate through the second string
        // update char_count.
        // if character is not found in char_count
        // then increase count
        for (int i = 0; i < s2.length(); i++)
        {
            char_count[s2.charAt(i) - 'a']--;
        }
       
        for(int i = 0; i < 26; ++i)
        {
          if(char_count[i] != 0)
          {
            count+= Math.abs(char_count[i]);
          }
        }
         
        return count;
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        String s1 = "ddcf";
        String s2 = "cedk";
        System.out.println(countManipulations(s1, s2));
    }
}

Python3




# Python3 Program to find minimum number
# of manipulations required to make
# two strings identical
 
# Counts the no of manipulations
# required
def countManipulations(s1, s2):
     
    count = 0
 
    # store the count of character
    char_count = [0] * 26
     
    for i in range(26):
        char_count[i] = 0
 
    # iterate though the first String
    # and update count
    for i in range(len( s1)):
        char_count[ord(s1[i]) -
                   ord('a')] += 1
 
    # iterate through the second string
    # update char_count.
    # if character is not found in
    # char_count then increase count
    for i in range(len(s2)):
        char_count[ord(s2[i]) - ord('a')] -= 1
         
    for i in range(26):
        if char_count[i] != 0:
            count += abs(char_count[i])
         
 
    return count
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == "__main__":
 
    s1 = "ddcf"
    s2 = "cedk"
     
    print(countManipulations(s1, s2))
 
# This code is contributed by ita_c

C#




// C# Program to find minimum number
// of manipulations required to make
// two strings identical
using System;
 
public class GFG {
 
    // Counts the no of manipulations
    // required
    static int countManipulations(string s1,
                                  string s2)
    {
        int count = 0;
 
        // store the count of character
        int []char_count = new int[26];
 
        // iterate though the first String
        // and update count
        for (int i = 0; i < s1.Length; i++)
            char_count[s1[i] - 'a']++;
 
        // iterate through the second string
        // update char_count.
        // if character is not found in
        // char_count then increase count
        for (int i = 0; i < s2.Length; i++)
            char_count[s2[i] - 'a']--;
       
        for(int i = 0; i < 26; ++i)
        {
            if(char_count[i] != 0)
            {
              count+= Math.Abs(char_count[i]);
            }
        }
         
        return count;
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void Main()
    {
 
        string s1 = "ddcf";
        string s2 = "cedk";
         
        Console.WriteLine(
            countManipulations(s1, s2));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by vt_m.

PHP




<?php
// PHP Program to find minimum number
// of manipulations required to make
// two strings identical
 
// Counts the no of manipulations
// required
function countManipulations($s1, $s2)
{
    $count = 0;
 
    // store the count of character
    $char_count = array_fill(0, 26, 0);
 
    // iterate though the first String
    // and update count
    for ($i = 0; $i < strlen($s1); $i++)
        $char_count[ord($s1[$i]) -
                    ord('a')] += 1;
 
    // iterate through the second string
    // update char_count.
    // if character is not found in
    // char_count then increase count
    for ($i = 0; $i < strlen($s2); $i++)
    {
        $char_count[ord($s2[$i]) -
                    ord('a')] -= 1;
         
    }
   
    for ($i = 0; $i < 26; $i++)
    {
      if($char_count[i]!=0)
      {
        $count+=abs($char_count[i]);
      }
    }
    return $count;
}
 
// Driver code
$s1 = "ddcf";
$s2 = "cedk";
 
echo countManipulations($s1, $s2);
 
// This code is contributed by Ryuga
?>

Javascript




<script>
 
// Javascript program to find minimum number
// of manipulations required to make
// two strings identical
     
// Counts the no of manipulations
// required
function countManipulations(s1, s2)
{
    let count = 0;
 
    // Store the count of character
    let char_count = new Array(26);
    for(let i = 0; i < char_count.length; i++)
    {
        char_count[i] = 0;
    }
     
    // Iterate though the first String and
    // update count
    for(let i = 0; i < s1.length; i++)
        char_count[s1[i].charCodeAt(0) -
                     'a'.charCodeAt(0)]++;      
 
    // Iterate through the second string
    // update char_count.
    // If character is not found in char_count
    // then increase count
    for(let i = 0; i < s2.length; i++)
    {
        char_count[s2[i].charCodeAt(0) -
                     'a'.charCodeAt(0)]--;
    }
    
    for(let i = 0; i < 26; ++i)
    {
        if (char_count[i] != 0)
        {
            count += Math.abs(char_count[i]);
        }
    }
    return count;
}
 
// Driver code
let s1 = "ddcf";
let s2 = "cedk";
 
document.write(countManipulations(s1, s2));
 
// This code is contributed by avanitrachhadiya2155
     
</script>

Output: 

2

Time Complexity: O(n), where n is the length of the string. 

This article is contributed by Sumit Ghosh and improved by Md Istakhar Ansari. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.




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