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Python String | split()

  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 22 Apr, 2021

split() method in Python split a string into a list of strings after breaking the given string by the specified separator.

Syntax : str.split(separator, maxsplit)

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Parameters :
separator : This is a delimiter. The string splits at this specified separator. If is not provided then any white space is a separator.



maxsplit : It is a number, which tells us to split the string into maximum of provided number of times. If it is not provided then the default is -1 that means there is no limit.

Returns : Returns a list of strings after breaking the given string by the specified separator.

Example 1: Example to demonstrate how split() function works




text = 'geeks for geeks'
  
# Splits at space
print(text.split())
  
word = 'geeks, for, geeks'
  
# Splits at ','
print(word.split(','))
  
word = 'geeks:for:geeks'
  
# Splitting at ':'
print(word.split(':'))
  
word = 'CatBatSatFatOr'
  
# Splitting at t
print(word.split('t'))

Output :

['geeks', 'for', 'geeks']
['geeks', ' for', ' geeks']
['geeks', 'for', 'geeks']
['Ca', 'Ba', 'Sa', 'Fa', 'Or']

Example 2: Example to demonstrate how split() function works when maxsplit is specified




word = 'geeks, for, geeks, pawan'
  
# maxsplit: 0
print(word.split(', ', 0))
  
# maxsplit: 4
print(word.split(', ', 4))
  
# maxsplit: 1
print(word.split(', ', 1))

Output :

['geeks, for, geeks, pawan']
['geeks', 'for', 'geeks', 'pawan']
['geeks', 'for, geeks, pawan']



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