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Python | Maximum and minimum element’s position in a list

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Given a list of N integers, find the maximum and minimum element’s position in the Python list. 

Example

Input:  3, 4, 1, 3, 4, 5
Output: The maximum is at position 6
The minimum is at position 3

Maximum and Minimum Element Position in a List

Below are the methods and ways by which we can find minimum and maximum element position in a Python List:

  • Using Native Approach
  • Using Inbuilt Function
  • Using Pandas
  • Using NumPy

Maximum and Minimum Element Position Using Native Approach

The naive approach will be to traverse in the list and keep track of the minimum and maximum along with their indices. We have to do N comparisons for minimum and at the same time N comparisons for maximum.

Python3

gfg_list = [8, 1, 7, 10, 5]
# min and max indexes are taken 1st element
# In some cases list might be a single element
min_ele, max_ele = gfg_list[0], gfg_list[0]
 
for i in range(1, len(gfg_list)):
    if gfg_list[i] < min_ele:
        min_ele = gfg_list[i]
         
    if gfg_list[i] > max_ele:
        max_ele = gfg_list[i]
         
print('Minimum Element in the list', gfg_list, 'is', min_ele)
print('Maximum Element in the list', gfg_list, 'is', max_ele)

                    

Output
Minimum Element in the list [8, 1, 7, 10, 5] is 1
Maximum Element in the list [8, 1, 7, 10, 5] is 10

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(n), where n is length of given list.

Python Minimum and Maximum Element Using inbuilt Function

Python’s inbuilt function allows us to find it in one line, we can find the minimum in the list using the min() function and then use the index() function to find out the index of that minimum element. Similarly we can do the same for finding out the maximum element using the max() function and then find out the index of the maximum element using the index() inbuilt function in python. 

Note: index() returns the index of the first occurrence in case there are multiple occurrences of an element. So if maximum (or minimum) occurs more than once, the first occurrence is returned. Below is the implementation of the above approach: 

Python3

# function to find minimum and maximum position in list
def minimum(a, n):
    # inbuilt function to find the position of minimum
    minpos = a.index(min(a))
 
    # inbuilt function to find the position of maximum
    maxpos = a.index(max(a))
 
    # printing the position
    print("The maximum is at position", maxpos + 1)
    print("The minimum is at position", minpos + 1)
 
# driver code
a = [3, 4, 1, 3, 4, 5]
minimum(a, len(a))

                    

Output
The maximum is at position 6
The minimum is at position 3

Time complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Python | Maximum and Minimum Element’s Position Using Pandas

In this method, we will use the idxmin() and idxmax() to print the max index and min index using the Pandas module.

Python3

import pandas as pd
 
a = [35, 41, 49, 37, 31,
     55, 23, 31, 18, 50,
     32, 37, 28, 27, 24, 35]
 
print("Min: ", pd.Series(a).idxmin())
print("Max: ", pd.Series(a).idxmax())

                    

Output

Min:  8
Max: 5

Using NumPy argmax, argmin

NumPy has argmax and argmin functions which can be used to find the indices of the maximum and minimum element. Here’s how to use these functions to find the maximum and minimum element’s position in a Python list.

Python3

import numpy as np
 
def min_max_position(lst):
    arr = np.array(lst)
    min_pos = np.argmin(arr) + 1
    max_pos = np.argmax(arr) + 1
    print(f"The minimum is at position {min_pos}")
    print(f"The maximum is at position {max_pos}")
 
# Example usage
lst = [3, 4, 1, 3, 4, 5]
min_max_position(lst)

                    

Output

The minimum is at position 3
The maximum is at position 6

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(n), since we are creating a NumPy array of size n to store the list elements.



Last Updated : 15 Nov, 2023
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