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Python list | index()
  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 08 Sep, 2020

index() is an inbuilt function in Python, which searches for a given element from the start of the list and returns the lowest index where the element appears. 
Syntax : 
 

list_name.index(element, start, end)




Parameters : 
 

element - The element whose lowest index will be returned.

start (Optional) - The position from where the search begins.
end (Optional) - The position from where the search ends.





Returns : 
 

Returns lowest index where the element appears.




Error : 
 

If any element which is not present is searched,
it returns a ValueError




Code #1 : 
 



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# Python3 program for demonstration 
# of list index() method
 
list1 = [1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 1, 1, 4, 5]
 
# Will print the index of '4' in list1
print(list1.index(4))
 
list2 = ['cat', 'bat', 'mat', 'cat', 'pet']
 
# Will print the index of 'cat' in list2
print(list2.index('cat'))

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Output : 
 

3
0





  
Code #2 : 
 

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# Python3 program for demonstration
# of index() method
 
list1 = [1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 1, 1, 4, 5]
 
# Will print index of '4' in sublist
# having index from 4 to 8.
print(list1.index(4, 4, 8))
 
# Will print index of '1' in sublist
# having index from 1 to 7.
print(list1.index(1, 1, 7))
 
list2 = ['cat', 'bat', 'mat', 'cat',
         'get', 'cat', 'sat', 'pet']
 
# Will print index of 'cat' in sublist
# having index from 2 to 6
print(list2.index('cat', 2, 6 ))

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Output : 
 

7
4
3




 
Code #3 : 
 

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# Python3 program for demonstration
# of list index() method
 
# Random list having sublist and tuple also
list1 = [1, 2, 3, [9, 8, 7], ('cat', 'bat')]
 
# Will print the index of sublist [9, 8, 7]
print(list1.index([9, 8, 7]))
 
# Will print the index of tuple
# ('cat', 'bat') inside list
print(list1.index(('cat', 'bat')))

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Output : 
 

3
4




  
Code #4 : ValueError 
 

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# Python3 program for demonstration 
# of index() method error
  
  
list1 = [1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 1, 1, 4, 5]
 
# Return ValueError
print(list1.index(10))

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Output : 
 

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/home/b910d8dcbc0f4f4b61499668654450d2.py", line 8, in 
    print(list1.index(10))
ValueError: 10 is not in list





Code #5 : When 2 arguments are passed



When two arguments are passed in the index function, the first argument is treated as the element to be searched and the second argument is the index from where the searching begins. 

list_name.index(element , start)

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# Python3 program for demonstration
# of index() method
 
list1 = [6 , 8 , 5 , 6 , 1 , 2]
 
# Will print index of '3' in sublist
# having index from 1 to end of the list.
print(list1.index(6 , 1 ))

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Output :

3

Code #6: The end index passed as argument is not included 

The third argument which is the end, itself is not included in the range from start to end, i.e the searching takes place from start to end-1 index. 

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# Python3 program for demonstration
# of index() method
 
list1 = [6 , 2 , 14 , 8 , 9 , 10]
 
# return error as index '4' is not included in the range
# having index from 1 to 4.
print(list1.index(9 , 1 , 4))

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Output:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/home/3cbe5b7d0595ab3f8564f16af7a15172.py", line 9, in <module>
    print(list1.index(9 , 1 , 4))
ValueError: 9 is not in list

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# Python3 program for demonstration
# of index() method
 
list1 = [6 , 2 , 14 , 8 , 9 , 10]
 
 
# Will print index of '4' in sublist as now index '4' is included
# having index from 1 to 5.
print(list1.index(9, 1, 5))

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Output:

4

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