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Program to print all substrings of a given string

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 12 Oct, 2021
Geek Week

Given a string as an input. We need to write a program that will print all non-empty substrings of that given string.

Examples : 

Input :  abcd
Output :  a 
          b
          c
          d
          ab
          bc
          cd
          abc
          bcd
          abcd

We can run three nested loops, the outermost loop picks a starting character, mid-loop considers all characters on the right of the picked character as the ending character of the substring. The innermost loop prints characters from the currently picked starting point to the picked ending point. 

C++




// C++ program to print all possible
// substrings of a given string
 
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to print all sub strings
void subString(char str[], int n)
{
    // Pick starting point
    for (int len = 1; len <= n; len++)
    {   
        // Pick ending point
        for (int i = 0; i <= n - len; i++)
        {
            //  Print characters from current
            // starting point to current ending
            // point. 
            int j = i + len - 1;           
            for (int k = i; k <= j; k++)
                cout << str[k];
             
            cout << endl;
        }
    }
}
 
// Driver program to test above function
int main()
{
    char str[] = "abc";
    subString(str, strlen(str));
    return 0;
}

Java




//Java program to print all possible
// substrings of a given string
 
class GFG {
 
// Function to print all sub strings
    static void subString(char str[], int n) {
        // Pick starting point
        for (int len = 1; len <= n; len++) {
            // Pick ending point
            for (int i = 0; i <= n - len; i++) {
                //  Print characters from current
                // starting point to current ending
                // point. 
                int j = i + len - 1;
                for (int k = i; k <= j; k++) {
                    System.out.print(str[k]);
                }
 
                System.out.println();
            }
        }
    }
 
// Driver program to test above function
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        char str[] = {'a', 'b', 'c'};
        subString(str, str.length);
 
    }
}
// This code is contributed by PrinciRaj1992

Python




# Python3 program to print all possible
# substrings of a given string
 
 
# Function to print all sub strings
def subString(Str,n):
     
    # Pick starting point
    for Len in range(1,n + 1):
         
        # Pick ending point
        for i in range(n - Len + 1):
             
            # Print characters from current
            # starting point to current ending
            # point.
            j = i + Len - 1
 
            for k in range(i,j + 1):
                print(Str[k],end="")
            print()
             
# Driver program to test above function
Str = "abc"
subString(Str,len(Str))
 
# This code is contributed by mohit kumar

C#




// C# program to print all possible
// substrings of a given string
using System;
 
public class GFG {
 
    // Function to print all sub
    // strings
    static void subString(string str,
                               int n)
    {
         
        // Pick starting point
        for (int len = 1; len <= n;
                               len++)
        {
            // Pick ending point
            for (int i = 0;
                    i <= n - len; i++)
            {
                // Print characters
                // from current
                // starting point to
                // current ending
                // point.
                int j = i + len - 1;
                 
                for (int k = i; k <= j;
                                    k++)
                    Console.Write(str[k]);
                 
                Console.WriteLine();
            }
        }
    }
     
    // Driver program to test
    // above function
    static public void Main ()
    {
        string str = "abc";
        subString(str, str.Length);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by anuj_67.

PHP




<?php
// PHP program to print all possible
// substrings of a given string
 
// Function to print all sub strings
function subString($str, $n)
{
     
    // Pick starting point
    for ($len = 1; $len <= $n; $len++)
    {
         
        // Pick ending point
        for ($i = 0; $i <= $n - $len; $i++)
        {
             
            // Print characters from current
            // starting point to current ending
            // point.
            $j = $i + $len - 1;        
            for ($k = $i; $k <= $j; $k++)
                echo $str[$k];
             
            echo "\n";
        }
    }
}
 
    // Driver Code
    $str = "abc";
    subString($str, strlen($str));
     
// This code is contributed by nitin mittal.
?>

Javascript




<script>
//Javascript program to print all possible
// substrings of a given string
     
    // Function to print all sub strings
    function subString(str,n)
    {
        // Pick starting point
        for (let len = 1; len <= n; len++) {
            // Pick ending point
            for (let i = 0; i <= n - len; i++) {
                //  Print characters from current
                // starting point to current ending
                // point.
                let j = i + len - 1;
                for (let k = i; k <= j; k++) {
                    document.write(str[k]);
                }
  
                document.write("<br>");
            }
        }
    }
    // Driver program to test above function
    let str=['a', 'b', 'c'];
    subString(str, str.length);
     
 
// This code is contributed by patel2127
</script>

Output: 

a
b
c
ab
bc
abc

Method 2 (Using substr() function) 
s.substr(i, len) prints substring of length ‘len’ starting from index i in string s.



C++




// C++ program to print all possible
// substrings of a given string
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to print all sub strings
void subString(string s, int n)
{
    // Pick starting point in outer loop
    // and lengths of different strings for
    // a given starting point
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        for (int len = 1; len <= n - i; len++)
            cout << s.substr(i, len) << endl;
}
 
// Driver program to test above function
int main()
{
    string s = "abcd";
    subString(s,s.length());
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to print all substrings of a string
public class GFG {
 
    // Function to print all substring
    public static void SubString(String str, int n)
    {
       for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
           for (int j = i+1; j <= n; j++)
            
                // Please refer below article for details
                // of substr in Java
                System.out.println(str.substring(i, j));
    }
 
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        String str = "abcd";
        SubString(str, str.length());
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by ASHISH KUMAR PATEL

Python3




     
# Python program to print all possible
# substrings of a given string
  
# Function to print all sub strings
def subString(s, n):
    # Pick starting point in outer loop
    # and lengths of different strings for
    # a given starting point
    for i in range(n):
        for len in range(i+1,n+1):
            print(s[i: len]);
 
# Driver program to test above function
s = "abcd";
subString(s,len(s));
 
# This code is contributed by princiraj1992

C#




// C# program to print all substrings of a string
using System;
 
public class GFG {
 
    // Function to print all substring
    public static void SubString(String str, int n)
    {
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        for (int j = 1; j <= n - i; j++)
             
                // Please refer below article for details
                // of substr in Java
                Console.WriteLine(str.Substring(i, j));
    }
 
    public static void Main()
    {
        String str = "abcd";
        SubString(str, str.Length);
    }
}
 
/*This code is contributed by PrinciRaj1992*/

Javascript




<script>
// javascript program to print all substrings of a string
  
    // Function to print all substring
    function SubString( str , n)
    {
       for (var i = 0; i < n; i++)
           for (var j = i+1; j <= n; j++)
            
                // Please refer below article for details
                // of substr in Java
                document.write(str.substring(i, j)+"<br/>");
    }
        var str = "abcd";
        SubString(str, str.length);
 
// This code is contributed by gauravrajput1
</script>

Output: 

a
ab
abc
abcd
b
bc
bcd
c
cd
d

This method is contributed by Ravi Shankar Rai

Method 3 (Generate a substring using the previous substring)

C++




/*
 * C++ program to print all possible
 * substrings of a given string
 * without checking for duplication.
 */
 
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
/*
 * Function to print all (n * (n + 1)) / 2
 * substrings of a given string s of length n.
 */
void printAllSubstrings(string s, int n)
{
    /*
     * Fix start index in outer loop.
     * Reveal new character in inner loop till end of string.
     * Print till-now-formed string.
     */
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        char temp[n - i + 1];
        int tempindex = 0;
        for (int j = i; j < n; j++)
        {
            temp[tempindex++] = s[j];
            temp[tempindex] = '\0';
            printf("%s\n", temp);
        }
    }
}
 
// Driver program to test above function
int main()
{
    string s = "Geeky";
    printAllSubstrings(s, s.length());
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to print all possible
// subStrings of a given String
// without checking for duplication.
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG{
     
// Function to print all (n * (n + 1)) / 2
// subStrings of a given String s of length n.
public static void printAllSubStrings(String s,
                                      int n)
{
     
    // Fix start index in outer loop.
    // Reveal new character in inner
    // loop till end of String.
    // Print till-now-formed String.
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        char[] temp = new char[n - i + 1];
        int tempindex = 0;
         
        for(int j = i; j < n; j++)
        {
            temp[tempindex++] = s.charAt(j);
            temp[tempindex] = '\0';
            System.out.println(temp);
        }
    }
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    String s = "Geeky";
     
    printAllSubStrings(s, s.length());
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by avanitrachhadiya2155

Python3




'''
* Python3 program to print all possible
* substrings of a given string
* without checking for duplication.
'''
 
 
'''
* Function to print all (n * (n + 1)) / 2
* substrings of a given string s of length n.
'''
def printAllSubstrings(s, n):
 
    # Fix start index in outer loop.
    # Reveal new character in inner loop till end of string.
    # Prtill-now-formed string.
    for i in range(n):
        temp=""
        for j in range(i,n):
            temp+=s[j]
            print(temp)
 
# Driver program to test above function
 
s = "Geeky"
printAllSubstrings(s, len(s))
 
# This code is contributed by shubhamsingh10

C#




// C# program to print all possible
// subStrings of a given String
// without checking for duplication.
using System;
  
class GFG{
  
// Function to print all (n * (n + 1)) / 2
// subStrings of a given String s of length n.
public static void printAllSubStrings(String s, int n)
{
    // Fix start index in outer loop.
    // Reveal new character in inner
    // loop till end of String.
    // Print till-now-formed String.
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        char[] temp = new char[n - i + 1];
        int tempindex = 0;
         
        for(int j = i; j < n; j++)
        {
            temp[tempindex++] = s[j];
            temp[tempindex] = '\0';
            Console.WriteLine(temp);
        }
    }
}
  
// Driver code
public static void Main()
{
    String s = "Geeky";
     
    printAllSubStrings(s, s.Length);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Shubhamsingh10

Javascript




<script>   
    // Javascript program to print all possible
    // subStrings of a given String
    // without checking for duplication.
     
    // Function to print all (n * (n + 1)) / 2
    // subStrings of a given String s of length n.
    function printAllSubStrings(s, n)
    {
        // Fix start index in outer loop.
        // Reveal new character in inner
        // loop till end of String.
        // Print till-now-formed String.
        for(let i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
            let temp = new Array(n - i + 1);
            let tempindex = 0;
 
            for(let j = i; j < n; j++)
            {
                temp[tempindex++] = s[j];
                temp[tempindex] = '\0';
                document.write(temp.join("") + "</br>");
            }
        }
    }
     
    let s = "Geeky";
      
    printAllSubStrings(s, s.length);
     
</script>

Output: 

G
Ge
Gee
Geek
Geeky
e
ee
eek
eeky
e
ek
eky
k
ky
y

Method 4 (using three nested loops)

C++




// CPP program for the above approach
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
void printSubstrings(string str)
{
     
    // finding the length of the string
    int n = str.length();
     
    // outermost for loop
    // this is for the selection
    // of starting point
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
       
        // 2nd for loop is for selection
        // of ending point
        for (int j = i; j < n; j++) {
           
            // 3rd loop is for printing from
            // starting point to ending point
            for (int k = i; k <= j; k++) {
                cout << str[k];
            }
           
            // changing the line after printing
            // from starting point to ending point
            cout << endl;
        }
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    string str = "abcd";
    printSubstrings(str);
 
    return 0;
}

C




// C program for the above approach
#include <stdio.h>
void printSubstrings(char str[])
{
     
    // outermost for loop
    // this is for the selection
    // of starting point
    for (int start = 0; str[start] != '\0'; start++) {
         
        // 2nd for loop is for selection
        // of ending point
        for (int end = start; str[end] != '\0'; end++) {
             
            // 3rd loop is for printing from
            // starting point to ending point
            for (int i = start; i <= end; i++) {
                printf("%c", str[i]);
            }
           
            // changing the line after printing
            // from starting point to ending point
            printf("\n");
        }
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
 
    // code
    char str[] = { 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd', '\0' };
    // calling the method to print the substring
    printSubstrings(str);
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG {
    public static void printSubstrings(String str)
    {
         
        // finding the length of the string
        int n = str.length();
       
        // outermost for loop
        // this is for the selection
        // of starting point
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
           
            // 2nd for loop is for selection
            // of ending point
            for (int j = i; j < n; j++) {
               
                // 3rd loop is for printing from
                // starting point to ending point
                for (int k = i; k <= j; k++) {
                    System.out.print(str.charAt(k));
                }
               
                // changing the line after printing
                // from starting point to ending point
                System.out.println();
            }
        }
    }
   
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        String str = "abcd";
 
        // calling method for printing substring
        printSubstrings(str);
    }
}

Python3




# Python program for the above approach
def printSubstrings(string, n):
 
  # this is for the selection
    # of starting point
    for i in range(n):
       
        # 2nd for loop is for selection
        # of ending point
        for j in range(i, n):
           
            # 3rd loop is for printing from
            # starting point to ending point
            for k in range(i, (j + 1)):
                print(string[k], end="")
                 
            # changing the line after printing
            # from starting point to ending point
            print()
 
# Driver Code
string = "abcd"
# calling the method to print the substring
printSubstrings(string, len(string))

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
public class GFG {
    public static void printSubstrings(String str)
    {
         
        // finding the length of the string
        int n = str.Length;
       
        // outermost for loop
        // this is for the selection
        // of starting point
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
           
            // 2nd for loop is for selection
            // of ending point
            for (int j = i; j < n; j++) {
               
                // 3rd loop is for printing from
                // starting point to ending point
                for (int k = i; k <= j; k++) {
                    Console.Write(str[k]);
                }
               
                // changing the line after printing
                // from starting point to ending point
                Console.WriteLine();
            }
        }
    }
   
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main(String[] args)
    {
        String str = "abcd";
 
        // calling method for printing substring
        printSubstrings(str);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by gauravrajput1

Javascript




<script>
// JavaScript program for the above approach
    function printSubstrings(str)
    {
         
        // finding the length of the string
        var n = str.length;
       
        // outermost for loop
        // this is for the selection
        // of starting point
        for (var i = 0; i < n; i++) {
           
            // 2nd for loop is for selection
            // of ending point
            for (var j = i; j < n; j++) {
               
                // 3rd loop is for printing from
                // starting point to ending point
                for (var k = i; k <= j; k++) {
                    document.write(str.charAt(k));
                }
               
                // changing the line after printing
                // from starting point to ending point
                document.write("<br>");
            }
        }
    }
   
    // Driver Code
       var str = "abcd";
 
        // calling method for printing substring
        printSubstrings(str);
     
// This code is contributed by shivanisinghss2110
 
</script>

Output

a
ab
abc
abcd
b
bc
bcd
c
cd
d

Time complexity: O(N3)

Space complexity: O(1), where N is the length of the input string

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