# Program to find third side of triangle using law of cosines

Given two sides A, B and angle C. Find the third side of the triangle using law of cosines.

Examples:

```Input : a = 5, b = 8, c = 49
Output : 6.04339
```

## Recommended: Please try your approach on {IDE} first, before moving on to the solution.

In particular, the Law of Cosines can be used to find the length of the third side of a triangle when you know the length of two sides and the angle in between. See here to learn to how to find the value of cos.
Let us assume a, b, c are the sides of triangle where c is the side across from angle C. Then,

```c^2 = a^2 + b^2 - 2*a*b*cos(c)
OR
c = sqrt(a^2 + b^2 - 2*a*b*cos(c))
``` ## C++

 `// CPP program to find third ` `// side of triangle using ` `// law of cosines ` ` `  `#include ` `using` `namespace` `std; ` ` `  `// Function to calculate cos value of angle c ` `float` `cal_cos(``float` `n) ` `{ ` `    ``float` `accuracy = 0.0001, x1, denominator, cosx, cosval; ` ` `  `    ``// Converting degrees to radian ` `    ``n = n * (3.142 / 180.0); ` ` `  `    ``x1 = 1; ` ` `  `    ``// Maps the sum along the series ` `    ``cosx = x1; ` ` `  `    ``// Holds the actual value of sin(n) ` `    ``cosval = ``cos``(n); ` `    ``int` `i = 1; ` `    ``do` `{ ` `        ``denominator = 2 * i * (2 * i - 1); ` `        ``x1 = -x1 * n * n / denominator; ` `        ``cosx = cosx + x1; ` `        ``i = i + 1; ` `    ``} ``while` `(accuracy <= ``fabs``(cosval - cosx)); ` ` `  `    ``return` `cosx; ` `} ` ` `  `// Function to find third side ` `float` `third_side(``int` `a, ``int` `b, ``float` `c) ` `{ ` `    ``float` `angle = cal_cos(c); ` `    ``return` `sqrt``((a * a) + (b * b) - 2 * a * b * angle); ` `} ` `// Driver program to check the above function ` `int` `main() ` `{ ` `    ``float` `c = 49; ` `    ``int` `a = 5, b = 8; ` `    ``// function call ` `    ``cout << third_side(a, b, c); ` ` `  `    ``return` `0; ` `} `

## Java

 `// Java program to find third ` `// side of triangle using ` `// law of cosines ` `class` `GFG ` `{ ` `    ``// Function to calculate ` `    ``// cos value of angle c ` `    ``static` `float` `cal_cos(``float` `n) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``float` `accuracy = ``0``.0001f, x1; ` `        ``float` `denominator, cosx, cosval; ` `     `  `        ``// Converting degrees to radian ` `        ``n = n * (``3``.142f / ``180``.0f); ` `     `  `        ``x1 = ``1``; ` `     `  `        ``// Maps the sum along the series ` `        ``cosx = x1; ` `     `  `        ``// Holds the actual value of sin(n) ` `        ``cosval = (``float``)Math.cos(n); ` `        ``int` `i = ``1``; ` `        ``do` `{ ` `            ``denominator = ``2` `* i * (``2` `* i - ``1``); ` `            ``x1 = -x1 * n * n / denominator; ` `            ``cosx = cosx + x1; ` `            ``i = i + ``1``; ` `        ``} ``while` `(accuracy <=  ` `               ``Math.abs(cosval - cosx)); ` `     `  `        ``return` `cosx; ` `    ``} ` `     `  `    ``// Function to find third side ` `    ``static` `float` `third_side(``int` `a,  ` `                    ``int` `b, ``float` `c) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``float` `angle = cal_cos(c); ` `         `  `        ``return` `(``float``)Math.sqrt((a * a) + ` `            ``(b * b) - ``2` `* a * b * angle); ` `} ` ` `  `// Driver code ` `public` `static` `void` `main (String[] args) ` `{ ` `    ``float` `c = ``49``; ` `    ``int` `a = ``5``, b = ``8``; ` `     `  `    ``// function call ` `    ``System.out.print(Math.round(third_side(a, ` `                    ``b, c)*``100000.0``)/``100000.0``); ` `} ` `} ` ` `  `// This code is contributed by Anant Agarwal. `

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to find third side  ` `# of triangle using law of cosines ` `import` `math as mt ` ` `  `# Function to calculate cos ` `# value of angle c ` `def` `cal_cos(n): ` ` `  `    ``accuracy ``=` `0.0001` `    ``x1, denominator, cosx, cosval ``=` `0``, ``0``, ``0``, ``0` ` `  `    ``# Converting degrees to radian ` `    ``n ``=` `n ``*` `(``3.142` `/` `180.0``) ` ` `  `    ``x1 ``=` `1` ` `  `    ``# Maps the sum along the series ` `    ``cosx ``=` `x1 ` ` `  `    ``# Holds the actual value of sin(n) ` `    ``cosval ``=` `mt.cos(n) ` `    ``i ``=` `1` `    ``while` `(accuracy <``=` `abs``(cosval ``-` `cosx)): ` ` `  `        ``denominator ``=` `2` `*` `i ``*` `(``2` `*` `i ``-` `1``) ` `        ``x1 ``=` `-``x1 ``*` `n ``*` `n ``/` `denominator ` `        ``cosx ``=` `cosx ``+` `x1 ` `        ``i ``=` `i ``+` `1` ` `  `    ``return` `cosx ` ` `  `# Function to find third side ` `def` `third_side(a, b, c): ` `    ``angle ``=` `cal_cos(c) ` `    ``return` `mt.sqrt((a ``*` `a) ``+`  `                   ``(b ``*` `b) ``-` `2` `*` `a ``*` `b ``*` `angle) ` ` `  `# Driver Code ` `c ``=` `49` `a, b ``=` `5``, ``8` `print``(third_side(a, b, c)) ` ` `  `# This code is contributed by mohit kumar `

## C#

 `// C# program to find third ` `// side of triangle using ` `// law of cosines ` `using` `System; ` ` `  `class` `GFG ` `{ ` `    ``// Function to calculate ` `    ``// cos value of angle c ` `    ``static` `float` `cal_cos(``float` `n) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``float` `accuracy = 0.0001f, x1; ` `        ``float` `denominator, cosx, cosval; ` `     `  `        ``// Converting degrees to radian ` `        ``n = n * (3.142f / 180.0f); ` `     `  `        ``x1 = 1; ` `     `  `        ``// Maps the sum along the series ` `        ``cosx = x1; ` `     `  `        ``// Holds the actual value of sin(n) ` `        ``cosval = (``float``)Math.Cos(n); ` `        ``int` `i = 1; ` `        ``do` `{ ` `            ``denominator = 2 * i * (2 * i - 1); ` `            ``x1 = -x1 * n * n / denominator; ` `            ``cosx = cosx + x1; ` `            ``i = i + 1; ` `        ``} ``while` `(accuracy <=  ` `                ``Math.Abs(cosval - cosx)); ` `     `  `        ``return` `cosx; ` `    ``} ` `     `  `    ``// Function to find third side ` `    ``static` `float` `third_side(``int` `a,  ` `                    ``int` `b, ``float` `c) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``float` `angle = cal_cos(c); ` `         `  `        ``return` `(``float``)Math.Sqrt((a * a) + ` `               ``(b * b) - 2 * a * b * angle); ` `    ``} ` ` `  `    ``// Driver code ` `    ``public` `static` `void` `Main () ` `    ``{ ` `        ``float` `c = 49; ` `        ``int` `a = 5, b = 8; ` `         `  `        ``// function call ` `        ``Console.WriteLine(Math.Round(third_side(a, ` `                        ``b, c)*100000.0)/100000.0); ` `    ``} ` `} ` ` `  `// This code is contributed by vt_m. `

## PHP

 ` `

Output:

```6.04339
```

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up Striver(underscore)79 at Codechef and codeforces D

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Improved By : jit_t, mohit kumar 29

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