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Node.js fs.appendFile() Function

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  • Last Updated : 08 Oct, 2021

The fs.appendFile() method is used to asynchronously append the given data to a file. A new file is created if it does not exist. The options parameter can be used to modify the behavior of the operation.

Syntax:

fs.appendFile( path, data[, options], callback )

Parameters: This method accepts four parameters as mentioned above and described below:

  • path: It is a String, Buffer, URL or number that denotes the source filename or file descriptor that will be appended to.
  • data: It is a String or Buffer that denotes the data that has to be appended.
  • options: It is an string or an object that can be used to specify optional parameters that will affect the output. It has three optional parameters:
    • encoding: It is a string which specifies the encoding of the file. The default value is ‘utf8’.
    • mode: It is an integer which specifies the file mode. The default value is ‘0o666’.
    • flag: It is a string which specifies the flag used while appending to the file. The default value is ‘a’.
  • callback: It is a function that would be called when the method is executed.
    • err: It is an error that would be thrown if the method fails.

Below examples illustrate the fs.appendFile() method in Node.js:

Example 1: This example shows the appending of the given text to a file.




// Node.js program to demonstrate the
// fs.appendFile() method
  
// Import the filesystem module
const fs = require('fs');
  
// Get the file contents before the append operation
console.log("\nFile Contents of file before append:",
  fs.readFileSync("example_file.txt", "utf8"));
  
fs.appendFile("example_file.txt", "World", (err) => {
  if (err) {
    console.log(err);
  }
  else {
    // Get the file contents after the append operation
    console.log("\nFile Contents of file after append:",
      fs.readFileSync("example_file.txt", "utf8"));
  }
});

Output:

File Contents of file before append: Hello

File Contents of file after append: HelloWorld

Example 2: This example shows the usage of the optional parameters to change the file encoding, mode, and flag of the operation.




// Node.js program to demonstrate the
// fs.appendFile() method
  
// Import the filesystem module
const fs = require('fs');
  
// Get the file contents before the append operation
console.log("\nFile Contents of file before append:",
  fs.readFileSync("example_file.txt", "utf8"));
    
fs.appendFile("example_file.txt", " - GeeksForGeeks",
  { encoding: "latin1", mode: 0o666, flag: "a" },
  (err) => {
    if (err) {
      console.log(err);
    }
    else {
      // Get the file contents after the append operation
      console.log("\nFile Contents of file after append:",
        fs.readFileSync("example_file.txt", "utf8"));
    }
  });

Output:

File Contents of file before append: This is a test file

File Contents of file after append: This is a test file - GeeksForGeeks

Reference: https://nodejs.org/api/fs.html#fs_fs_appendfile_path_data_options_callback


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