Node.js | fs.writeFileSync() Method
The ‘fs’ module of Node.js implements the File I/O operation. Methods in the fs module can be synchronous as well as asynchronous. The Asynchronous function has a callback function as the last parameter which indicates the completion of the asynchronous function. Node.js developers prefer asynchronous methods over synchronous methods as asynchronous methods never block a program during its execution, whereas the latter does.
Blocking the main thread is malpractice in Node.js, thus synchronous functions should only be used for debugging or when no other options are available. The fs.writeFileSync() is a synchronous method. The fs.writeFileSync() creates a new file if the specified file does not exist. Also, the ‘readline-sync’ module is used to enable user input at runtime.
fs.writeFileSync( file, data, options )
Parameters: This method accepts three parameters as mentioned above and described below:
- file: It is a string, Buffer, URL, or file description integer that denotes the path of the file where it has to be written. Using a file descriptor will make it behave similarly to the fs.write() method.
- data: It is a string, Buffer, TypedArray, or DataView that will be written to the file.
- options: It is a string or object that can be used to specify optional parameters that will affect the output. It has three optional parameters:
- encoding: It is a string that specifies the encoding of the file. The default value is ‘utf8’.
- mode: It is an integer that specifies the file mode. The default value is 0o666.
- flag: It is a string that specifies the flag used while writing to the file. The default value is ‘w’.
Below examples illustrate the fs.writeFileSync() method in Node.js.
File written successfully The written has the following contents: This is a file containing a collection of programming languages. 1. C 2. C++ 3. Python
File written successfully 5 times The written file has the following contents: Movie 0 Movie 1 Movie 2 Movie 3 Movie 4
Example 3: Taking runtime input from users for file name and file data using readline module
Example 4: Taking runtime input from users for file data using readline module using buffer
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