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Node.js | fs.symlink() Function

  • Last Updated : 24 Apr, 2020

The fs.symlink() method is used to create a symlink to the specified path. This creates a link making the path point to the target. The relative targets are relative to the link’s parent directory.

Syntax:

fs.symlink( target, path, type, callback )

Parameters: This method accept four parameters as mentioned above and described below:

  • target: It is a string, buffer or URL which represents the path to which the symlink has to be created.
  • path: It is a string, buffer or URL which represents the path where the symlink will be created.
  • type: It is a string which represents the type of symlink to be created. It can be specified with ‘file’, ‘dir’ or ‘junction’. If the target does not exist, ‘file’ will be used.
  • callback: It is the function that would be called when the method is executed.
    • err: It is an error that would be thrown if the operation fails.

Below examples illustrate the fs.symlink() method in Node.js:

Example 1: This example creates a symlink to a file.






// Node.js program to demonstrate the
// fs.symlink() method
  
// Import the filesystem module
const fs = require('fs');
  
console.log("Contents of the text file:");
console.log(fs.readFileSync('example_file.txt', 'utf8'));
  
fs.symlink(__dirname + "\\example_file.txt",
        "symlinkToFile", 'file', (err) => {
  if (err)
    console.log(err);
  else {
    console.log("\nSymlink created\n");
    console.log("Contents of the symlink created:");
    console.log(fs.readFileSync('symlinkToFile', 'utf8'));
  }
})

Output:

Contents of the text file:
Hello Geeks

Symlink created

Contents of the symlink created:
Hello Geeks

Example 2: This example creates a symlink to a directory.




// Node.js program to demonstrate the
// fs.symlink() method
  
// Import the filesystem module
const fs = require('fs');
  
fs.symlink(__dirname + "\\example_directory",
           "symlinkToDir", 'dir', (err) => {
  if (err)
    console.log(err);
  else {
    console.log("Symlink created");
    console.log("Symlink is a directory:",
       fs.statSync("symlinkToDir").isDirectory()
    );
  }
});

Output:

Symlink created
Symlink is a directory: true

Reference: https://nodejs.org/api/fs.html#fs_fs_symlink_target_path_type_callback




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