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# NCERT Solutions for Class 12

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 are based on the latest syllabus prescribed by the CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) in order to help the student to score well in their board examination. These NCERT Class 12 are provided by experienced subject matter experts so that students are able to get logic behind the given solution and a better understanding of the solution.

NCERT Class 12 Solutions are solutions to the textbook provided by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) for students of Class 12. These solutions are usually written to give students a better understanding and develop a strong foundation for higher studies. These NCERT Solutions Class 12 are generally designed to give students an understanding of various topics in subjects such as Maths, English, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Computer Science, Economics, and so on. According to exam professionals, students getting ready for competitive exams such as NEET, BITSAT, JEE Mains, VITEEE, JEE Advanced, etc., are required to utilize NCERT textbooks from Classes 11 and 12. Frequently, the questions posed in these competitive assessments are drawn from subjects discussed within the Class 12 NCERT textbooks.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths:

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: Relations and FunctionsChapter 8: Applications of Integrals
Chapter 2: Inverse Trigonometric FunctionChapter 9: Differential Equations
Chapter 3: MatricesChapter 10: Vector Algebra
Chapter 4: DeterminantsChapter 11: Three-dimensional Geometry
Chapter 5: Continuity and DifferentiabilityChapter 12: Linear Programming
Chapter 6: Application of DerivativesChapter 13: Probability
Chapter 7: Integrals

Students have the option to access and download these solutions, which serve the dual purpose of resolving any uncertainties they might have and enhancing their comprehension of the corresponding chapters. A thorough engagement with these solutions is essential to attain a more profound insight into the content covered in CBSE Class 12 textbooks. Presented here are the most impactful Class 12 NCERT Solutions. Adhering to these solutions can significantly contribute to students achieving outstanding results in their Class 12 exams.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics:

### NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: Electric Charge and FieldsChapter 8: Electromagnetic Waves
Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and CapacitanceChapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter 3: Current ElectricityChapter 10: Wave Optics
Chapter 4: Moving Charges and MagnetismChapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Chapter 5: Magnetism and MatterChapter 12: Atoms
Chapter 6: Electromagnetic InductionChapter 13: Nuclei
Chapter 7: Alternating CurrentChapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

## NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry:

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: SolutionsChapter 6: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Chapter 2: ElectrochemistryChapter 7: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Chapter 3: Chemical KineticsChapter 8: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
Chapter 4:  The d- and f-Block ElementsChapter 9:  Amines
Chapter 5: Coordination CompoundsChapter 10:  Biomolecules

## NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology:

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering PlantsChapter 8: Microbes in Human Welfare
Chapter 2: Human ReproductionChapter 9: Biotechnology Principles and Processes
Chapter 3: Reproductive HealthChapter 10: Biotechnology and Its Application
Chapter 4: Principles of Inheritance and VariationChapter 11: Organisms and Populations
Chapter 5: Molecular Basis of InheritanceChapter 12: Ecosystem
Chapter 6: EvolutionChapter 13: Biodiversity and Conservation
Chapter 7: Human Health and Disease

The NCERT Class 10 Biology textbook for the academic year 2023-24 has removed certain chapters.

 Reproduction in Organisms Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production Environmental Issues

## NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English:

### NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English: Flamingo Prose

NCERT Solutions for Class 12: Flamingo Prose Chapters-wise List
Chapter 1: The Last Lesson
Chapter 2: Lost Spring
Chapter 3: Deep Water
Chapter 4: The Rattrap
Chapter 5: Indigo
Chapter 6: Poets and Pancakes
Chapter 7:  The Interview
Chapter 8: Going Places

### NCERT Solutions for Class 12: Flamingo Poem

NCERT Solutions for Class 12: Flamingo Poem Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: My Mother at Sixty-Six Chapter 4: A Thing of Beauty
Chapter 2:  An Elementary School Classroom in a SlumChapter 5: A Roadside Stand
Chapter 3:  Keeping QuietChapter 6: Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers

## NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Accountancy:

NCERT Solutions for Class 12: Part 1 Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: Accounting for Not-For-Profit Organisation
Chapter 2: Accounting for Partnership Firm – Basic Concepts
Chapter 3: Reconstitution  of a Partnership Firm – Admission of a Partner
Chapter 4: Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm – Retirement/Death of a Partner
Chapter 5: Dissolution of Partnership Firm

NCERT Solutions for Class 12: Part 2 Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: Accounting for Share Capital Chapter 4: Analysis of Financial Statements
Chapter 2: Issue and Redemption of DebenturesChapter 5: Accounting Ratios
Chapter 3:  Financial Statements of a CompanyChapter 6: Cash Flow Statement

## NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies:

Chapter 1: Nature and Significance of Management Chapter 5: Organising
Chapter 2: Principles of ManagementChapter 6: Staffing
Chapter 3:  Business EnvironmentChapter 7: Directing
Chapter 4:  PlanningChapter 8: Controlling
Chapter 9: Financial Management
Chapter 10: Marketing
Chapter 11: Consumer Protection

## NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Computer Science:

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Computer Science: C++ Chapters-wise List
Chapter 1: Object-Oriented Programming in C++
Chapter 2: Data Structures
Chapter 3: Database Management System and SQL
Chapter 4: Boolean Algebra
Chapter 5: Networking & Open Source Software
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Computer Science: Python Chapters-wise List
Chapter 1: Object-Oriented Programming with Python
Chapter 2: Advance Programming with Python
Chapter 3:  Database Management System and SQL
Chapter 4:  Boolean Algebra
Chapter 5:  Networking & Open Source Software Communication Technologies

## NCERT Solution for Class 12 Economics:

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Economics- Part A Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: Introduction to Micro EconomicsChapter 4: The Theory of Firm under Perfect Competition
Chapter 2:  Theory of Consumer BehaviourChapter 5: Market Competition
Chapter 3:  Production and CostsChapter 6: Non-Competitive Markets

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Economics- Part B Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: Introduction to MacroeconomicsChapter 4: Determination of Income and Employment
Chapter 2: National Income AccountingChapter 5: Government Budget and Economy
Chapter 3: Money and BankingChapter 6: Open Economy Macroeconomics

## NCERT Solution for Class 12 Geography:

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Geography: Section A Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: Nature and ScopeChapter 6: Secondary Activities
Chapter 2: The World PopulationChapter 7:  Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
Chapter 3: Population CompositionChapter 8: Transport and Communication
Chapter 4:  Human DevelopmentChapter 9: International Trade
Chapter 5:  Primary ActivitiesChapter 10: Human Settlements

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Geography: Section B Chapters-wise List

Chapter 11: Population: Distribution, Density, Growth and CompositionChapter 17: Mineral and Energy Resources
Chapter 12: Migration: Types, Causes, and Consequences,Chapter 18: Manufacturing Industries
Chapter 13:  Human DevelopmentChapter 19: Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian Context
Chapter 14: Human SettlementsChapter 20: Transport and Communication
Chapter 15: Land Resources and Agriculture Chapter 21: International Trade
Chapter 16: Water ResourcesChapter 22: Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems

## NCERT Solution for Class 12 History:

NCERT Solution for Class 12 History Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: Bricks, Beads and Bones The Harappan Civilisation  Chapter 9: Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts
Chapter 2: Kings, Farmers and Towns Early States and EconomiesChapter 10: Colonialism and the Countryside: Exploring Official Archives
Chapter 3: Kinship, Caste and Class Early SocietiesChapter 11: Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations
Chapter 4: Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings Cultural DevelopmentsChapter 12: Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
Chapter 5: Through the Eyes of Travellers’ Perceptions of SocietyChapter 13: Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond
Chapter 6: Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional TextsChapter 14: Understanding Partition Politics, Memories, Experiences
Chapter 7:  An Imperial Capital: VijayanagaraChapter 15: Framing the Constitution The Beginning of a New Era
Chapter 8: Peasants, Zamindars and the State Agrarian Society and the Mughal EmpireTravellers’

## NCERT Solution for Class 12 Informatics

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Informatics Chapters-wise List
Chapter 1: Querying and SQL Functions
Chapter 2: Data Handling Using Pandas-I
Chapter 3: Data Handling Using Pandas – II
Chapter 4: Plotting Data Using Matplotlib
Chapter 5: Internet and Web
Chapter 6:  Societal Impacts

## NCERT Solution for Class 12 Political Science:

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Political Science: Part 1 Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: The Cold War EraChapter 6: International Organisations
Chapter 2: The End of BipolarityChapter 7: Security in the Contemporary World
Chapter 3: US Hegemony in World PoliticsChapter 8: Environment and Natural Resources
Chapter 4: Alternative Centres of PowerChapter 9: Globalisation
Chapter 5: Contemporary South Asia

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Political Science: Part 2 Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: Challenges of Nation BuildingChapter 6: The Crisis of Democratic Order
Chapter 2: Era of One-Party DominanceChapter 7: Rise of Popular Movements
Chapter 3: Politics of Planned DevelopmentChapter 8: Regional Aspirations
Chapter 4: Indiaâ€™s External RelationsChapter 9: Recent Developments in Indian Politics
Chapter 5: Challenges to and Restoration of the Congress System

## NCERT Solution for Class 12 Psychology:

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Psychology Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: Intelligence And AptitudeChapter 6: Attitude And Social Cognition
Chapter 2: Self And PersonalityChapter 7:Social Influence And Group Processes
Chapter 3: Human Strengths And Meeting Life ChallengesChapter 8: Psychology And Life
Chapter 4: Psychological DisordersChapter 9: Developing Psychological Skills
Chapter 5: Therapeutic Approaches And Counselling

## NCERT Solutions Class 12 Sociology:

NCERT Solutions Class 12 Sociology: Indian Society Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: Introducing Indian SocietyChapter 4:The Market as a Social Institution
Chapter 2: The Demographic Structure of the Indian SocietyChapter 5: Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion
Chapter 3: Social Institutions: Continuity and ChangeChapter 6: The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

NCERT Solutions Class 12 Sociology: Social Change and Development in India Chapters-wise List

Chapter 1: Structural ChangeChapter 5: Change and Development in Industrial Society
Chapter 2: Cultural ChangeChapter 6: Globalisation and Social Change
Chapter 3: The Story of Indian DemocracyChapter 7: Mass Media and Communications
Chapter 4: Change and Development in Rural SocietyChapter 8: Social Movements

## Benefits of NCERT Solutions Class 12

• The solutions are designed for easy comprehension.
• They offer comprehensive coverage of all exercise problems.
• Mathematics solutions include step-by-step explanations.
• Diagrams are incorporated whenever necessary to enhance understanding.

## Preparation Tips for Class 12 PCMB

In addition to quality resources like textbooks, workbooks, and solutions, students should adopt effective habits to enhance learning. Vital among these is note-taking, aiding retention of lecture content and reinforcing understanding. Chunking information is another beneficial technique, aiding memorizationâ€”particularly useful for subjects like Chemistry and Biology. Developing an interest in even complex subjects is pivotal; enthusiasm maintains focus, expedites comprehension, and aids memory. Ultimately, cultivating these habits, coupled with appropriate resources, paves the way for exam success.

Visit GeeksforGeeks for comprehensive NCERT Solutions, supplemental notes, sample and question papers, plus support for competitive exams like JEE and NEET. Embrace a more engaging and personalized learning journey via the GeeksforGeeks.

## Conclusion

NCERT solutions are valuable resources for students of all classes which helps them to get a better understanding of the logic used to solve a question with a comprehensive understanding of the subjects. It helps to build a strong foundation for further studies. The NCERT Solutions for Class 12 also helps students to score well in board examinations by understanding the concepts.

## Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 12

### Q1. Is NCERT enough for board exam preparations?

NCERT exam solutions are generally the solutions of the fundamental books of the CBSE board. The solution covers all the required information by any CBSE student of Classes 10 and 12, so preparing NCERT is enough for board exam preparations.

### Q2. Which is the most difficult chapter in class 12 chemistry?

Inorganic Chemistry is considered to be the most difficult part of chemistry in class 12. One should learn about the p-block,d-block, and f-block elements of the periodic table.