# Maximum trains for which stoppage can be provided

We are given n-platform and two main running railway track for both direction. Trains which needs to stop at your station must occupy one platform for their stoppage and the trains which need not to stop at your station will run away through either of main track without stopping. Now, each train has three value first arrival time, second departure time and third required platform number. We are given m such trains you have to tell maximum number of train for which you can provide stoppage at your station.

Examples:

```Input : n = 3, m = 6
Train no.|  Arrival Time |Dept. Time | Platform No.
1    |   10:00       |  10:30    |    1
2    |   10:10       |  10:30    |    1
3    |   10:00       |  10:20    |    2
4    |   10:30       |  12:30    |    2
5    |   12:00       |  12:30    |    3
6    |   09:00       |  10:05    |    1
Output : Maximum Stopped Trains = 5
Explanation : If train no. 1 will left
to go without stoppage then 2 and 6 can
easily be accommodated on platform 1.
And 3 and 4 on platform 2 and 5 on platform 3.

Input : n = 1, m = 3
Train no.|Arrival Time|Dept. Time | Platform No.
1    | 10:00      |  10:30    |    1
2    | 11:10      |  11:30    |    1
3    | 12:00      |  12:20    |    1

Output : Maximum Stopped Trains = 3
Explanation : All three trains can be easily
stopped at platform 1.
```

If we start with a single platform only then we have 1 platform and some trains with their arrival time and departure time and we have to maximize the number of trains on that platform. This task is similar as Activity Selection Problem. So, for n platforms we will simply make n-vectors and put the respective trains in those vectors according to platform number. After that by applying greedy approach we easily solve this problem.
Note : We will take input in form of 4-digit integer for arrival and departure time as 1030 will represent 10:30 so that we may handle the data type easily.
Also, we will choose a 2-D array for input as arr[m] where arr[i] denotes arrival time, arr[i] denotes departure time and arr[i] denotes the platform for ith train.

## Recommended: Please try your approach on {IDE} first, before moving on to the solution.

 `// CPP to design platform for maximum stoppage ` `#include ` `using` `namespace` `std; ` ` `  `// number of platforms and trains ` `#define n 2 ` `#define m 5 ` ` `  `// function to calculate maximum trains stoppage ` `int` `maxStop(``int` `arr[]) ` `{ ` `    ``// declaring vector of pairs for platform ` `    ``vector > vect[n + 1]; ` ` `  `    ``// Entering values in vector of pairs ` `    ``// as per platform number ` `    ``// make departure time first element  ` `    ``// of pair ` `    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < m; i++) ` `        ``vect[arr[i]].push_back( ` `             ``make_pair(arr[i], arr[i])); ` ` `  `    ``// sort trains for each platform as per ` `    ``// dept. time ` `    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i <= n; i++) ` `        ``sort(vect[i].begin(), vect[i].end()); ` `     `  `    ``// perform activity selection approach ` `    ``int` `count = 0; ` `    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i <= n; i++) { ` `        ``if` `(vect[i].size() == 0) ` `            ``continue``; ` ` `  `        ``// first train for each platform will ` `        ``// also be selected ` `        ``int` `x = 0; ` `        ``count++; ` `        ``for` `(``int` `j = 1; j < vect[i].size(); j++) { ` `            ``if` `(vect[i][j].second >= ` `                             ``vect[i][x].first) { ` `                ``x = j; ` `                ``count++; ` `            ``} ` `        ``} ` `    ``} ` `    ``return` `count; ` `} ` ` `  `// driver function ` `int` `main() ` `{ ` `    ``int` `arr[m] = { 1000, 1030, 1, ` `                      ``1010, 1020, 1, ` `                      ``1025, 1040, 1, ` `                      ``1130, 1145, 2, ` `                      ``1130, 1140, 2 }; ` `    ``cout << ``"Maximum Stopped Trains = "` `         ``<< maxStop(arr); ` `    ``return` `0; ` `} `

Output:

```Maximum Stopped Trains = 3
```

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