Given a string S, find the length of longest balanced subsequence in it. A balanced string is defined as:-
- A Null string is a balanced string.
- If X and Y are balanced strings, then (X)Y and XY are balanced strings.
Input : S = "()())" Output : 4 ()() is the longest balanced subsequence of length 4. Input : s = "()(((((()" Output : 4
A brute force approach is to find all subsequence of the given string S and check for all possible subsequence if it form a balanced sequence, if yes, compare it with maximum value.
The better approach is to use Dynamic Programming.
Longest Balananced Subsequence (LBS), can be recursively defined as below.
LBS of substring str[i..j] : If str[i] == str[j] LBS(str, i, j) = LBS(str, i + 1, j - 1) + 2 Else LBS(str, i, j) = max(LBS(str, i, k) + LBS(str, k + 1, j)) Where i <= k < j
Declare a 2D matrix dp, where our state dp[i][j] will denote the length of longest balanced subsequence from index i to j. We will compute this state in order of increasing j – i. For a particular state dp[i][j], we will try to match the jth symbol with kth symbol, that can be done only if S[k] is ‘(‘ and S[j] is ‘)’, we will take the max of 2 + dp[i][k – 1] + dp[k + 1][j – 1] for all such possible k and also max(dp[i + 1][j], dp[i][j – 1]) and put the value in dp[i][j]. In this way we can fill all the dp states. dp[length of string – 1] (considering 0 indexing) will be our answer.
Below is the implementation of this approach:
Time Complexity : O(n2)
Auxiliary Space : O(n2)
This article is contributed by Anuj Chauhan. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to firstname.lastname@example.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.
- Number of balanced bracket subsequence of length 2 and 4
- Length of longest balanced parentheses prefix
- Length of longest common subsequence containing vowels
- Length of the longest increasing subsequence such that no two adjacent elements are coprime
- Minimum cost to make Longest Common Subsequence of length k
- Find length of longest subsequence of one string which is substring of another string
- Maximum length subsequence such that adjacent elements in the subsequence have a common factor
- Maximum length of balanced string after swapping and removal of characters
- Longest Zig-Zag Subsequence
- Longest subsequence with no 0 after 1
- Longest Common Subsequence | DP-4
- Longest Consecutive Subsequence
- Longest dividing subsequence
- Longest Repeating Subsequence
- Longest Uncommon Subsequence