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Introduction of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
  • Last Updated : 08 Jul, 2020

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a method which is used to track or identify a object by radio transmission uses over the web. Data digitally encoded in RFID tag which might be read by the reader. This is device work as a tag or label during which data read from tags which is stored in database through reader as compared traditional barcodes and QR codes. It is often read outside the road of sight either passive or active RFID.

There are two types of RFID :

  1. Passive RFID –
    In this device, RF tags are not attached by a power supply and passive RF tag stored their power. When it is emitted from active antennas and the RF tag are used specific frequency like 125-134MHZ as low frequency, 13.56MHZ as a high frequency and 856MHZ to 960MHZ as ultra-high frequency.
  2. Active RFID –
    In this device, RF tags are attached by a power supply that emits a signal and there is an antenna which receives the data.

Working Principle of RFID :
Generally, RFID uses radio waves to perform AIDC function. AIDC stands for Automatic Identification and Data Capture technology which performs object identification and collection and mapping of the data.

An antenna is an device which converts power into radio waves which are used for communication between reader and tag. RFID readers retrieve the information from RFID tag which detects the tag and reads or writes the data into the tag. It may include one processor, package, storage and transmitter and receiver unit.

Features of RFID :

  • An RFID tag consists of two-part which is an microcircuit and an antenna.
  • This tag is covered by protective material which acts as a shield against the outer environment effect.
  • This tag may active or passive in which we mainly and widely used passive RFID.

Application of RFID :

  • It utilized in tracking shipping containers, trucks and railroad, cars.
  • It uses in Asset tracking.
  • It utilized in credit-card shaped for access application.
  • It uses in Personnel tracking.
  • Controlling access to restricted areas.
  • It uses ID badging.
  • Supply chain management.
  • Counterfeit prevention (e.g., in the pharmaceutical industry).

Advantages of RFID :

  • It provides data access and real-time information without taking to much time.
  • RFID tags follow the instruction and store a large amount of information.
  • The RFID system is non-line of sight nature of the technology.
  • It improves the Efficiency, traceability of production.
  • In RFID hundred of tags read in a short time.

Disadvantages of RFID :

  • It takes longer to program RFID Devices.
  • RFID intercepted easily even it is Encrypted.
  • In an RFID system, there are two or three layers of ordinary household foil to dam the radio wave.
  • There is privacy concern about RFID devices anybody can access information about anything.
  • Active RFID can costlier due to battery.

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