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HTML Text Formatting Elements

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As we know, HTML provides many predefined elements that are used to change the formatting of text. The formatting can be used to set the text styles (like – bold, italic, or emphasized, etc.), highlight the text, make text superscript and subscript, etc.

Text Formatting Elements:

<b> and <strong> Tags: Both tags are used to make text bold. The text content of the tag is shown as important information on the webpage.

Example: In this example, we will see the use of <b> and <strong> tags.

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>Bold and strong</title>
</head>
 
<body>
    <!--Normal text-->
    <p>Normal Text</p>
    <!--Text in Bold-->
    <p><b>Bold Text</b></p>
    <!--Text in Strong-->
    <p><strong> Strong Text</strong></p>
</body>
 
</html>

                    

 Output:

HTML <i> and <em> Tags: Both tags are used to make the text italic and emphasized. Both the element has opening and closing tags.

Example: In this example, we will see the use of <i> and <em> tags.

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>Italic and emphasized</title>
</head>
 
<body>
    <!--Normal text-->
    <p>Normal Text</p>
    <!--Text in Italics-->
    <p><i>The Text inside italic Tag</i></p>
    <!--Text in Emphasize-->
    <p><em>Emphasized Text</em></p>
</body>
 
</html>

                    

Output: 

HTML <small> and <big> Tags: The <small> tag is used to set a small font-size whereas the <big> tag is used to set a big font-size.

Example: In this example, we will see the use of <small> and <big> tags.

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>Small and Big</title>
</head>
 
<body>
    <!--Text in Normal-->
    <p>Normal text</p>
    <small>The text inside small Tag</small>
    <p>
        <big>The text inside big Tag</big>
    </p>
</body>
 
</html>

                    

Output: 

HTML <sup> and <sub> Tags: The <sup> tag is used to superscript a text whereas the <sub> tag is used to subscript a text.

Example: In this example, we will see the use of <sup> and <sub> Tags

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>Superscript and Subscript</title>
</head>
 
<body>
    <!--Text in Normal-->
    <p>Normal Text
    <!--Text in Superscript-->
    <p>
        <sup>superscript </sup> Text
    </p>
    <!--Text in Subscript-->
    <p>
        <sub>subscript</sub>Text
    </p>
</body>
 
</html>

                    

Output:

HTML <ins> and <del> Tag: The <ins> tag is used to underline a text marking the part as inserted or added. It also has an opening and a closing tag. This tag is mainly used in text in place of deleted text whereas the <del> tag is used to delete the text it adds a strike line to the text.

Example: In this example, we will see the use of <ins> and <del> tags.

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>Inserting and deleting</title>
</head>
 
<body>
    <!--Deleting andText in Insert-->
    <b>
        <p>The TajMahal is located in
            <del>Bombay</del>
            <ins>Agra</ins>
        </p>
    </b>
</body>
 
</html>

                    

Output:

HTML <mark> Tag: The <mark> tag is used to highlighting a text. It has an opening and closing tag.

Example: In this example, we will see the use of <mark> Tag.

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>Highlight</title>
</head>
 
<body>
    <!--Text in Normal-->
    <p>Normal Text</p>
    <!--Text in Highlight-->
    <p>
        <mark>Highlighted Text</mark>
    </p>
</body>
 
</html>

                    

Output:



Last Updated : 29 May, 2023
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