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How to Enable/Disable Button in Android?

Last Updated : 14 May, 2023
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The Enable/Disable Feature is used in many Android apps so the basic use of that feature is to prevent the user from clicking on a button until they will add all the required fields that have been asked. We are considering an example of email and password if the user has entered the email and password then only the user can click the button. If anyone of the edittext-field is empty then the user can’t able to click on the button. A sample video is given below to get an idea about what we are going to do in this article.

Step-by-Step Implementation

Step 1: Create a New Project in Android Studio

To create a new project in Android Studio please refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio. Note that select Java as the programming language.

Step 2: Working with the activity_main.xml file

Navigate to the app > res > layout > activity_main.xml and add the below code to that file. Below is the code for the activity_main.xml file. We have created one simple activity_main.xml file with two EditText fields and one Button. We have used CardView inside if you already created that then you can move to the next step.

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout 
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:background="@color/black"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
  
    <androidx.cardview.widget.CardView
        android:id="@+id/login_card"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_margin="16dp"
        android:layout_marginStart="16dp"
        android:layout_marginEnd="16dp"
        app:cardCornerRadius="16dp"
        app:cardBackgroundColor="#EAF2F8"
        app:cardUseCompatPadding="true"
        app:cardElevation="10dp"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintHorizontal_bias="0.0"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintVertical_bias="0.439">
  
        <LinearLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:orientation="vertical"
            android:padding="16dp">
  
            <TextView
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text="Geeks For Geeks"
                android:gravity="center"
                android:textColor="#00FF00"
                android:textSize="24sp"
                android:textStyle="bold" />
  
            <EditText
                android:id="@+id/etEmail"
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:drawableStart="@drawable/baseline_email_24"
                android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
                android:background="@drawable/edittext_background"
                android:hint="Email"
                android:inputType="textEmailAddress"
                android:padding="8dp"
                android:textColor="#222222"
                android:textSize="16sp" />
  
            <EditText
                android:id="@+id/PassEt"
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
                android:drawableStart="@drawable/baseline_lock_24"
                android:background="@drawable/edittext_background"
                android:hint="Password"
                android:inputType="textPassword"
                android:padding="8dp"
                android:textColor="#222222"
                android:textSize="16sp" />
  
            <Button
                android:id="@+id/button"
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
                android:textColor="#2C3E50"
                android:background="@drawable/edittext_background"
                android:text="Log In"
                android:textSize="16sp" />
  
        </LinearLayout>
        
    </androidx.cardview.widget.CardView>
  
</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>


Step 3: Working with the MainActivity.java file

Go to the MainActivity.java file and refer to the following code. Below is the code for the MainActivity.java file. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail. We have added one Toast if the user will click the button then it’ll show one Toast Message.

Java




package com.android.gfgapp;
  
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
  
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.text.Editable;
import android.text.TextWatcher;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.Toast;
  
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
  
    EditText etEmail, PassEt;
    Button button;
  
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)
    {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
  
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        getSupportActionBar().hide();
  
        etEmail = findViewById(R.id.etEmail);
        PassEt = findViewById(R.id.PassEt);
        button = findViewById(R.id.button);
  
        // when app opens and user didn't added
        // email and password then user can't click
        button.setEnabled(false);
        etEmail.addTextChangedListener(LoginWatcher);
        PassEt.addTextChangedListener(LoginWatcher);
  
        // added one Toast to let you know that
        // the button is been clicked or not
        button.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view)
            {
                Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Clicked Button", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        });
    }
  
    TextWatcher LoginWatcher = new TextWatcher() {
  
        @Override
        public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence charSequence, int i, int i1, int i2)
        {
        }
  
        @Override
        public void onTextChanged(CharSequence charSequence, int i, int i1, int i2)
        {
            String userName = etEmail.getText().toString();
            String userPass = PassEt.getText().toString();
            button.setEnabled(!userName.isEmpty() && !userPass.isEmpty());
        }
  
        @Override
        public void afterTextChanged(Editable editable)
        {
        }
    };
}


Output:



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