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How to Convert Kotlin Code to Java Code in Android Studio?

  • Difficulty Level : Expert
  • Last Updated : 31 Jan, 2021

Java programming language is the oldest and most preferred language for Android app development. However, during Google I/O 2017, Kotlin has been declared as an official language for Android development by the Google Android Team. Kotlin has gained popularity among developers very quickly because of its similarities as well as interoperable with the Java language. One can mix code of Java and Kotlin while designing an Android project. The syntax of Java and Kotlin differs in many aspects but their compilation process is almost the same. Code of both the languages gets compiled into bytecode that is executable on Java Virtual Machine(JVM). Thus if one can derive the bytecode of compiled Kotlin file, it can be decompiled in order to produce the equivalent Java code. Android Studio does exactly the same to carry out the code conversion from Kotlin to Java. Developers may have many reasons to convert the Kotlin code into Java such as:

  • To integrate features that are easy to implement in Java language.
  • To resolve some performance issue that is difficult to locate in Kotlin.
  • To remove the Kotlin code from the project files.

Convert Kotlin Code to Java Code in Android Studio

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Code Conversion

Step 1: Open Kotlin Class/File

Open the Kotlin Class/File which is to be converted into Java. Consider the code of the MainActivity file mentioned below for the conversion.



Kotlin




import android.os.Bundle
import android.view.View
import android.widget.TextView
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
  
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
    // declaring variable for TextView component
    private var textView: TextView? = null
  
    // declaring variable to store
    // the number of button click
    private var count = 0
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
  
        // assigning ID of textView2 to the variable
        textView = findViewById(R.id.textView2)
  
        // initializing the value of count with 0
        count = 0
    }
  
    // function to perform operations
    // when button is clicked
    fun buttonOnClick(view: View?) {
        // increasing count by one on
        // each tap on the button
        count++
  
        // changing the value of the
        // textView with the current
        // value of count variable
        textView!!.text = Integer.toString(count)
    }
}

Step 2: Navigate to Tools Menu

From the topmost toolbar of the Android Studio, select Tools and then navigate to Kotlin > Show Kotlin Bytecode. It will open a window at the right-hand side that will contain the line by line bytecode for the Kotlin file. 

Step 3: Decompile bytecode

In the bytecode window, checkbox the option “JVM 8 target” and click on Decompile. The Android Studio will generate the Java equivalent code for the Kotlin file. The produced java code will contain some additional information like metadata. Below is the generated Java code for the above mentioned Kotlin file.

Java




import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.TextView;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import kotlin.Metadata;
import kotlin.jvm.internal.Intrinsics;
import org.jetbrains.annotations.Nullable;
  
@Metadata(
   mv = {1, 4, 1},
   bv = {1, 0, 3},
   k = 1,
   d1 = {"\u0000,\n\u0002\u0018\u0002\n\u0002\u0018\u0002\n\u0002\b\u0002\n\u0002\u0010\b\n\u0000\n\u0002\u0018\u0002\n\u0000\n\u0002\u0010\u0002\n\u0000\n\u0002\u0018\u0002\n\u0002\b\u0002\n\u0002\u0018\u0002\n\u0000\u0018\u00002\u00020\u0001B\u0005¢\u0006\u0002\u0010\u0002J\u0010\u0010\u0007\u001a\u00020\b2\b\u0010\t\u001a\u0004\u0018\u00010\nJ\u0012\u0010\u000b\u001a\u00020\b2\b\u0010\f\u001a\u0004\u0018\u00010\rH\u0014R\u000e\u0010\u0003\u001a\u00020\u0004X\u0082\u000e¢\u0006\u0002\n\u0000R\u0010\u0010\u0005\u001a\u0004\u0018\u00010\u0006X\u0082\u000e¢\u0006\u0002\n\u0000¨\u0006\u000e"},
   d2 = {"Lcom/example/javatokotlin/MainActivity;", "Landroidx/appcompat/app/AppCompatActivity;", "()V", "count", "", "textView", "Landroid/widget/TextView;", "buttonOnClick", "", "view", "Landroid/view/View;", "onCreate", "savedInstanceState", "Landroid/os/Bundle;", "app"}
)
public final class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
   private TextView textView;
   private int count;
  
   protected void onCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
      this.setContentView(1300009);
      this.textView = (TextView)this.findViewById(1000069);
      this.count = 0;
   }
  
   public final void buttonOnClick(@Nullable View view) {
      int var10001 = this.count++;
      TextView var10000 = this.textView;
      Intrinsics.checkNotNull(var10000);
      var10000.setText((CharSequence)Integer.toString(this.count));
   }
}

Note: The Kotlin to Java code conversion will not create a new file in the project directory from where one can access the Java code. Thus to use the Android Studio genereated Java code, one needs to copy it from the displayed decompiled java file.

Advantages of Java Over Kotlin

  • Operator overloading is not possible.
  • Classes written in Java are not made final by default.
  • More readable syntax.
  • Use of static methods and variables.



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