Find the node whose xor with x gives minimum value

Given a tree, and the weights of all the nodes and an integer x, the task is to find a node i such that weight[i] xor x is minimum.

Examples:

Input:

x = 15
Output: 3
Node 1: 5 xor 15 = 10
Node 2: 10 xor 15 = 5
Node 3: 11 xor 15 = 4
Node 4: 8 xor 15 = 7
Node 5: 6 xor 15 = 9

Approach: Perform dfs on the tree and keep track of the node whose weighted xor with x gives the minimum value.

Below is the implementation of above approach:

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

// C++ implementation of the approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
int minimum = INT_MAX, x, ans;
  
vector<int> graph[100];
vector<int> weight(100);
  
// Function to perform dfs to find
// the minimum xored value
void dfs(int node, int parent)
{
    // If current value is less than
    // the current minimum
    if (minimum > (weight[node] ^ x)) {
        minimum = weight[node] ^ x;
        ans = node;
    }
    for (int to : graph[node]) {
        if (to == parent)
            continue;
        dfs(to, node);
    }
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    x = 15;
  
    // Weights of the node
    weight[1] = 5;
    weight[2] = 10;
    weight[3] = 11;
    weight[4] = 8;
    weight[5] = 6;
  
    // Edges of the tree
    graph[1].push_back(2);
    graph[2].push_back(3);
    graph[2].push_back(4);
    graph[1].push_back(5);
  
    dfs(1, 1);
  
    cout << ans;
  
    return 0;
}

chevron_right


Output:

3


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up

Data science |Machine learning|Programming facebook -https//wwwfacebookcom/profilephpid=100002787011326

If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

Please Improve this article if you find anything incorrect by clicking on the "Improve Article" button below.