# Find if k bookings possible with given arrival and departure times

A hotel manager has to process N advance bookings of rooms for the next season. His hotel has K rooms. Bookings contain an arrival date and a departure date. He wants to find out whether there are enough rooms in the hotel to satisfy the demand.

The idea is to sort the arrays and keep track of overlaps.

Examples:

```Input :  Arrivals :   [1 3 5]
Departures : [2 6 8]
K: 1
Output: False
Hotel manager needs at least two
rooms as the second and third
intervals overlap.
```

## Recommended: Please try your approach on {IDE} first, before moving on to the solution.

Approach 1
The idea is store arrival and departure times in an auxiliary array with an additional marker to indicate whether the time is arrival or departure. Now sort the array. Process the sorted array, for every arrival increment active bookings. And for every departure, decrement. Keep track of maximum active bookings. If the count of active bookings at any moment is more than k, then return false. Else return true.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ implementation of the above approach ` `#include ` `using` `namespace` `std; ` ` `  `bool` `areBookingsPossible(``int` `arrival[], ` `                         ``int` `departure[], ``int` `n, ``int` `k) ` `{ ` `    ``vector > ans; ` ` `  `    ``// create a common vector both arrivals ` `    ``// and departures. ` `    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++) { ` `        ``ans.push_back(make_pair(arrival[i], 1)); ` `        ``ans.push_back(make_pair(departure[i], 0)); ` `    ``} ` ` `  `    ``// sort the vector ` `    ``sort(ans.begin(), ans.end()); ` ` `  `    ``int` `curr_active = 0, max_active = 0; ` ` `  `    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < ans.size(); i++) { ` ` `  `        ``// if new arrival, increment current ` `        ``// guests count and update max active ` `        ``// guests so far ` `        ``if` `(ans[i].second == 1) { ` `            ``curr_active++; ` `            ``max_active = max(max_active, ` `                             ``curr_active); ` `        ``} ` ` `  `        ``// if a guest departs, decrement ` `        ``// current guests count. ` `        ``else` `            ``curr_active--; ` `    ``} ` ` `  `    ``// if max active guests at any instant ` `    ``// were more than the available rooms, ` `    ``// return false. Else return true. ` `    ``return` `(k >= max_active); ` `} ` ` `  `int` `main() ` `{ ` `    ``int` `arrival[] = { 1, 3, 5 }; ` `    ``int` `departure[] = { 2, 6, 8 }; ` `    ``int` `n = ``sizeof``(arrival) / ``sizeof``(arrival); ` `    ``cout << (areBookingsPossible(arrival, ` `                                 ``departure, n, 1) ` `                 ``? ``"Yes\n"` `                 ``: ``"No\n"``); ` `    ``return` `0; ` `} `

## Python3

 `# Python3 code for the above approach. ` `def` `areBookingsPossible(arrival, departure, n, k):  ` ` `  `    ``ans ``=` `[]  ` ` `  `    ``# Create a common vector both arrivals  ` `    ``# and departures.  ` `    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``0``, n):  ` `        ``ans.append((arrival[i], ``1``))  ` `        ``ans.append((departure[i], ``0``))  ` ` `  `    ``# Sort the vector  ` `    ``ans.sort()  ` `    ``curr_active, max_active ``=` `0``, ``0` ` `  `    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``0``, ``len``(ans)):  ` ` `  `        ``# If new arrival, increment current  ` `        ``# guests count and update max active  ` `        ``# guests so far  ` `        ``if` `ans[i][``1``] ``=``=` `1``:  ` `            ``curr_active ``+``=` `1` `            ``max_active ``=` `max``(max_active,  ` `                             ``curr_active)  ` ` `  `        ``# if a guest departs, decrement  ` `        ``# current guests count.  ` `        ``else``: ` `            ``curr_active ``-``=` `1` ` `  `    ``# If max active guests at any instant  ` `    ``# were more than the available rooms,  ` `    ``# return false. Else return true.  ` `    ``return` `k >``=` `max_active  ` ` `  `# Driver Code ` `if` `__name__ ``=``=` `"__main__"``: ` ` `  `    ``arrival ``=` `[``1``, ``3``, ``5``]  ` `    ``departure ``=` `[``2``, ``6``, ``8``] ` `    ``n ``=` `len``(arrival)  ` `     `  `    ``if` `areBookingsPossible(arrival,  ` `                           ``departure, n, ``1``): ` `        ``print``(``"Yes"``) ` `    ``else``: ` `        ``print``(``"No"``) ` `     `  `# This code is contributed by Rituraj Jain  `

Output:

```No
```
Output:

```No
```

Time Complexity: O(n Log n)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

Approach 2

The idea is store arrival and departure times in an auxiliary array with an additional marker to indicate whether the time is arrival or departure. Now sort the array. Process the sorted array, for every arrival increment active bookings. And for every departure, decrement. Keep track of maximum active bookings. If the count of active bookings at any moment is more than k, then return false. Else return true.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

 `// C++ implementation of the above approach ` `#include ` `using` `namespace` `std; ` ` `  `bool` `areBookingsPossible(``int` `arrival[], ` `                         ``int` `departure[], ``int` `n, ``int` `k) ` `{ ` `    ``// x be the initial room number. ` `    ``int` `x = 1;  ` ` `  `    ``// sort both arrays. ` `    ``sort(arrival, arrival + n); ` `    ``sort(departure, departure + n); ` ` `  `    ``// check if departure of previous booking overlaps ` `    ``// the arrival of next booking or not. ` `    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n - 1; i++) { ` `        `  `         ``// if overlap -> increase the room number ` `        ``if` `(departure[i] > arrival[i]) ` `        ``{ ` `            ``x++; ` `        ``} ` `        `  `        ``// at any point, if x exceeds total room  ` `        ``// in the hotel, return false ` `        ``if` `(k < x)  ` `        ``{ ` `            ``return` `false``; ` `        ``} ` `    ``} ` `    ``return` `true``; ` `} ` ` `  `int` `main() ` `{ ` `    ``int` `arrival[] = { 1, 3, 5 }; ` `    ``int` `departure[] = { 2, 6, 8 }; ` `    ``int` `n = ``sizeof``(arrival) / ``sizeof``(arrival); ` `    ``cout << (areBookingsPossible(arrival, ` `                                 ``departure, n, 1) ` `                 ``? ``"Yes\n"` `                 ``: ``"No\n"``); ` `    ``return` `0; ` `} `

Output:

```No
```

Time Complexity: O(n Log n)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

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