1. Open source Software :
Open source software is a computer software whose source code is available openly in internet and programmers can modify it to add new features and capabilities without any cost. Here the software is developed and tested through open collaboration. This software is managed by an open source community of developers. It provides community support as well as commercial support if available for maintenance. We can get it for free of cost. This software also sometimes comes with license and sometimes does not. This license provides some rights to users like.
- Software can be used for any purpose
- Allows to study how software works
- Freedom to modify and improve the program
- No restrictions on redistributions
Some examples of Open source software includes Android, Ubuntu, Firefox, Open Office etc.
2. Proprietary Software :
Proprietary software is a computer software where the source codes are not publicly not available only the company which has created can modify it. Here the software is developed and tested by the individual or organization by which it is owned not by public. This software is managed by an closed team of individuals or groups that developed it. We have to pay to get this software and it commercial support if available for maintenance. The company gives a valid and authenticated license to the users to use this software. But this license put some restrictions on users also like.
- Number of installations of this software into computers
- Restrictions on sharing of software illegally
- Time period up to which software will operate
- Number of features allowed to use
Some examples of Proprietary software includes Windows, MacOS, Internet Explorer, Google earth, Microsoft Office etc.
Difference between Open source Software and Proprietary Software :
|S.No.||OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE||PROPRIETARY SOFTWARE|
|01.||Open source software is a computer software whose source code is available openly in internet and programmers can modify it to add new features and capabilities without any cost.||Proprietary software is a computer software where the source codes are not publicly not available only the company which has created can modify it.|
|02.||Here the software is developed and tested through open collaboration.||Here the software is developed and tested by the individual or organization by which it is owned not by public.|
|03.||In open source software the source code is public.||In proprietary software the source code is protected.|
|04.||Open source software can be installed into any computer.||Proprietary software can be installed into any computer without valid license.|
|05.||Users do not need to have any authenticated license to use this software.||Users need to have a valid and authenticated license to use this software.|
|06.||Open source software is managed by an open source community of developers.||Proprietary software is managed by an closed team of individuals or groups that developed it.|
|07.||It is more flexible and provides more freedom which encourages innovation.||It is not much flexible so here is very limited innovation scope with the restrictions.|
|08.||Users can get open software for free of charge.||Users must have to pay to get the proprietary software.|
|09.||In open source software faster fixes of bugs and better security is availed due to the community.||In proprietary software the vendor is completely responsible for fixing of malfunctions.|
|10.||Examples are Android, Linux, Firefox, Open Office, GIMP, VLC Media player etc.||Examples are Windows, MacOS, Internet Explorer, Google earth, Microsoft Office, Adobe Flash Player, Skype etc.|
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