Difference between Open source Software and Commercial Software
Open source software is the computer software developed either by an individual, group or an organization to meet certain requirements and it is available for any modifications based on its developing body’s interest. Open source software is published openly for general public and here the source code is open for all. For open source software the users do not need to spend any cost. It is available under free licensing. It depends on donations and support as its main source of find. Some examples of open source software are Firefox, OpenOffice, Zimbra, VCL media player, Thunderbird.
- Cost: Open source software is typically free to use, modify and distribute.
- Customization: The source code of open source software is available to everyone, allowing users to modify and customize it to suit their needs.
- Community support: Open source software often has a large community of developers and users who contribute to its development and provide support.
- Transparency: The source code of open source software is open for everyone to see, making it easier to identify and fix bugs and vulnerabilities.
- Flexibility: Open source software can be used on a wide range of platforms and devices.
- Support: While open source software does have a large community of developers and users, it may not always have the same level of professional support as commercial software.
- Compatibility: Open source software may not always be compatible with other software applications and hardware devices.
- Security: Because the source code of open source software is available to everyone, it may be easier for malicious actors to identify and exploit vulnerabilities.
- Complexity: Open source software can be more complex and difficult to use than commercial software, especially for non-technical users.
- Documentation: Open source software may not always have the same level of documentation and user guides as commercial software.
2. Commercial Software :
Commercial software is the computer software where only the person, team, or organization that created it can modify also they have exclusive right over the software. Anyone needs to use it has to pay for it valid and authorized license. Here the source code is protected. For commercial software the users need to spend moderate to expensive cost. It is available under high licensing cost. It depends on its software sale / product licensing as its main source of fund. Some examples of commercial software are Windows Operating System, MS Office, SAP, Oracle, Adobe Photoshop.
- Professional support: Commercial software often comes with professional support services, including technical support and customer service.
- Compatibility: Commercial software is often designed to work seamlessly with other software applications and hardware devices.
- Security: Commercial software often includes security features and is subject to rigorous testing and validation.
- Ease of use: Commercial software is often designed with a user-friendly interface and can be easier to use than open source software.
- Documentation: Commercial software often has extensive documentation and user guides to help users get started.
- Cost: Commercial software can be expensive to purchase and may require ongoing licensing fees.
- Customization: Commercial software is often proprietary, meaning that users are not able to modify or customize it.
- Flexibility: Commercial software may be limited in terms of the platforms and devices on which it can be used.
- Transparency: Commercial software is often closed source, meaning that the source code is not available for public scrutiny.
- Dependence: Commercial software is often subject to the decisions and business practices of the company that produces it, which may not always align with the needs of users.
Similarities between Open source Software and Commercial Software :
- Both types of software are designed to solve specific problems or meet specific needs of users.
- Both types of software can be used for personal or business purposes.
- Both types of software can be updated and improved over time.
- Both types of software can have user communities and support systems that help users troubleshoot problems or learn how to use the software.
- Both types of software can be subject to licensing agreements and intellectual property laws.
Difference between Open source Software and Commercial Software :
|S.No.||OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE||COMMERCIAL SOFTWARE|
|01.||Open source software is the computer software developed either by an individual, group or an organization to meet certain requirements and it is available openly for general public for any modifications based on its developing body’s interest.||Commercial software is the computer software where only the person, team, or organization that created it can modify also they have exclusive right over the software. Anyone needs to use it has to pay for it valid and authorized license.|
|02.||The cost of open source software is free.||The cost of commercial software varies from moderate to expensive.|
|03.||Open source provides limited technical support.||Commercial software provides guaranteed technical support.|
|04.||Open source software is available under free licensing.||Commercial software is available under high licensing cost.|
|05.||In open source software users need to rely on community support.||In commercial software users get dedicated support from the vendor.|
|06.||In open source software installation and updates are administered by the user.||In open source software installation and updates are administered by the software vendor.|
|07.||Limited hands on training and online resources are available for open source software application training.||On site and Online trainings are available from the commercial software vendor side for software application training.|
|08.||Here in open source software users can customize.||But in commercial software mainly vendor offers customization.|
|09.||In this rapid community response helps in fixing the bugs and malfunctions.||In this mainly the vendor is responsible for fixing the malfunctions.|
|10.||In open source software the source code is public.||In commercial software the source code is protected.|
|11.||The source of funds of open source software mainly depends on donations and support.||The source of fond of commercial software depends on its software sale / product licensing.|
|12.||Firefox, OpenOffice, Zimbra, VCL media player, Thunderbird are some examples of open source software.||Windows Operating System, MS Office, SAP, Oracle, Adobe Photoshop are some examples of commercial software.|
Open-source software and commercial software are two very different types of software, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. Open-source software is typically free, open, and collaborative, while commercial software is typically closed, expensive, and tightly controlled. Ultimately, the choice between open-source software and commercial software depends on the needs of the user and the specific problem they are trying to solve.