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Difference between Coordination and Cooperation

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  • Last Updated : 28 Jun, 2022

Coordination is a managerial activity that correlates and integrates all the activities and goals of an organization. It is a continuous process. It aims at achieving the business goals effectively and efficiently, whereas Cooperation is the collective effort made by individuals to achieve a common goal. It is a voluntary activity, and its main aim is to help each other. Cooperation arises due to the desire of the people to work together.

Effective coordination cannot be achieved without cooperation, so a manager should try to achieve both coordination and cooperation. Coordination and cooperation are two wheels of a bicycle. If any one wheel is missing, then the bicycle cannot function. Similarly, both coordination and cooperation are necessary for an organization.

Difference between Coordination and Cooperation




MeaningCoordination is an orderly arrangement of group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common objectives.Cooperation is the collective efforts of a group to accomplish particular objectives. It means mutual help willingly.
Management process         Coordination is a part of the management process.Cooperation is not a part of management. It is a voluntary activity. 
RelationsIt is achieved through both formal and informal relations.It arises out of informal relations.
Activity  Coordination is not possible without cooperation.Cooperation is fruitless without coordination.
Managerial functionCoordination is present in all functions of an organization.Cooperation is a voluntary effort of individuals to work together by helping each other.
Status Coordination is the essence of management.Cooperation is not the essence of management.
ProcessThe function of coordination is performed by top management.The functions of cooperation are prepared by persons at any level.
ScopeIts scope is wider than the cooperation.It has a narrow scope as it is a part of coordination.
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