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Cropping Patterns – Types, Rotation, Benefits, Factors

Last Updated : 25 Nov, 2023
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Cropping Patterns- Cropping patterns refer to the proportion of land that is under cultivation for different crops at different periods of time. Cropping patterns give an understanding of the time and arrangement of crops in a particular land at certain periods of time. Changes in the cropping patterns can cause the following:

  1. Change in proportion of land under different types of crops.
  2. Change in space sequence as well as time of crops.

Cropping patterns in India are determined by temperature, rainfall, climate, soil type as well and technology. For achieving optimum cropping yield, different cropping patterns are practiced. Some major cropping patterns are discussed below.


Cropping Pattern

Cropping Pattern 

Typically, an editing design indicates the extent of land under development for different yields at distinct points in your history.  In this graphic, we can see the times and plans for harvest during a particular state. The trimming example would change as follows:

  • Variations in the size of the land under different yields.
  • An arrangement of space and a change in the harvest season.
  • There is no editing design that can stand against the normal precipitation, temperature, environment, technology, and type of soil utilized for farming in India. It takes different editing methods to achieve the greatest yield.
  • An editing design that develops across existence, is a powerful thought. It tends to be characterized as the level of land covered by assorted crops at some random period. In different terms, it is a yearly example of planting and following a specific locale. Trimming designs in India are impacted by precipitation, environment, temperature, soil type, and innovation.
  • Trimming Patterns in India can be portrayed by involving the essential harvests as the base yield and any remaining conceivable elective harvests as elective harvests. It is basic to perceive crops and their agro-climatic circumstances to order them. Wheat, grain, and oats, for instance, are assembled.

The dirt sorts and climatic qualities that administer the whole agro-biological setting for food and the agreeableness of a harvest or set of yields for creation direct Indian agribusiness. In India, there are three unmistakable farming seasons: Kharif, Rabi, and Zaid. The Southwest Monsoon started off the Kharif season, taking into account the development of tropical harvests like rice, cotton, jute, jowar, bajra, and tur. The Rabi season starts in October-November with the appearance of winter and finishes Patterns in March-April. Zaid is a transient summer cultivating season that starts after Rabi crops have been gathered.

Types of Cropping Patterns 

The main types of editing design include the following: 


Types of Cropping Patterns


The importance of monocropping is growing separate crops on horticultural land for each agrarian species. A monoculture results in soil that lacks richness and is less versatile. Compounded manures will update the soil’s composition. These sorts of training cause insects and illnesses to spread. Both monoculture and monocropping have similar effects on the ground.

Mixed Cropping

A blend editing scheme is one in which at least two harvests occur simultaneously on comparable land. Grazing wheat on the same plot of land and gram on the same plot at the same time is termed blended editing. There is an important difference in water requirements and development times between harvests that have been created together. Tall and bantam harvests should be created side by side. In spite of the fact that one harvest is to be expected to supplement the other, the opposite also ought to be true. The roots of one of the yields should be deep and the roots of the other should be shallow. Fulfilling this multitude of models can prompt an effective blended trimming design.

Benefits of Mixed Cropping

  • The harvest yield increments.
  • The nuisance invasion is limited.
  • Decrease in the gamble of harvest disappointment.
  • The dirt is used appropriately.
  • More than one kind of yield is frequently reaped at a comparable time.


Intercropping is the act of developing very one yield on an identical field at a comparable time during a distinct line design. After one column of the most yield, three lines of intercrops are frequently developed. This increments efficiency per unit region.

Intercropping can be of Different Types

  1. Row Intercropping: When the harvests are organized in substitute lines it is called column intercropping. It helps in the most extreme usage of the accessible land space and the concealment of weeds during the beginning phases of the primary yield.
  2. Strip Intercropping: When at least two fields are filled in wide strips so the two harvests are frequently overseen independently, it’s alluded to as cultivating. In any case, the yields are sufficiently close to associate.
  3. Relay Intercropping: It is a sort of intercropping, in which a subsequent yield is developed just when the all-around existing harvest has blossomed but not been gathered. For instance Rice-Cauliflower-Onion-Summer gourds.

Benefits of Intercropping

  • The spread of illnesses and bugs is controlled.
  • Ideal usage of assets.
  • The time and the land used for developing more than one yield are saved.
  • Greatest usage of supplements present in the dirt.
  • Maize and soybean, bajra, and lobia are some of the yields developed as intercrops.

Crop Rotation

In this example, various yields are developed on identical land in pre-arranged progression. The yields are arranged in light of the time they are turned one-year revolution, two-year pivot, and three-year turn, contingent on their length. Vegetables are incorporated inside the harvest revolution program to expand soil fruitfulness. The yields which require a high fruitfulness level are many times developed after the vegetables. The harvests which require low data sources are in many cases developed after the yields that need high data sources.

How are the Crops chosen for Rotation?

  • While choosing the harvests for a turn, the resulting models ought to be taken on:
  • Enough dampness ought to be accessible.
  • Accessibility of manures, labor supply, and machine power.
  • Promoting and handling offices.
  • Accessibility of supplements in the dirt.
  • The yield span is short or long.

Benefits of Crop Rotation

  • The dirt richness is kept up for an extended period.
  • The development of weeds and vermin is forestalled.
  • A ton of synthetic manures are not needed.
  • The physical and substance nature of the dirt’s remaining parts is unaltered.

Factors Affecting Different Cropping Patterns

  • The trimming designs help to decide the degree of rural creation. This mirrors the farming economy of any district.
  • The editing designs are experiencing changes in the agrarian approach, accessibility of farming data sources, and improvement in innovation.
  • Subsequently, the trimming designs are significant in working on the ripeness of the dirt, by expanding the yield of the harvests. It guarantees crop insurance and the accessibility of supplements to the yields.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the types of cropping patterns?

The types of cropping patterns include mixed cropping, crop rotation, intercropping, multiple cropping and sole cropping.

What is the cropping pattern practice in India?

The cropping pattern practice in India include Rabi, Kharif and Zaid.

What is the cropping method?

Cropping system refers to crops, crop sequences, and management techniques used on a particular agricultural field over a period of years.

What are the 4 types of cropping systems?

Mono cropping, crop rotation, sequential cropping, inter cropping and relay cropping.

What are the 3 types of cropping patterns?

The 3 types of cropping patterns are mixed cropping, intercropping and crop rotation.

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