CBSE Class 10 Chemistry Notes
Class 10 Chemistry Notes by GeeksforGeeks have been developed as per the Latest pattern prescribed by CBSE for Class 10 Boards Exam 2021-22. In these revisions notes, all the important concepts and topics are covered Chapterwise. These notes are more useful as these are prepared according to the revised and reduced CBSE syllabus for Class 10 Science. Here, learners can easily access the chapter-wise notes from the below-mentioned links for quick and effective revision for the CBSE Class 10 Science Board Exam 2021.
By the time students come to Class 10, they already have some understanding of the Basic concept of Science. Hence, the below-mentioned Chemistry revision notes for them are built on the concepts they have already learnt in Class 8 and Class 9. Here the important chapters like Carbon and its compounds, Periodic Classification of elements, Acids, Bases, and Salts, etc are presented in an easy manner for thorough learning as well as for quick revision.
Chapter 1: Chemical Reactions and Equations
Class 10 Science is crucial to understand for all the students to attain good marks in board exams. While students find Biology a little easy subject to understand, Physics and Chemistry always seem tough to understand, and that is why students try to memorize their concepts which is not the right thing. Talking about Class 10 Chemistry, it is easy to learn if you get the idea of the basic concept.
- Chemical Reactions
- Types of Chemical Reactions
- Reactant and Products
- Chemical Equations – Definition, Representation, Types
- How to Balance Chemical Equations?
- Difference between Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions
- What are the Conditions required for a Chemical Reaction?
- Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
- Decomposition Reactions in Our Body
- Effects of Oxidation Reactions in Everyday Life
- Corrosion and Rancidity
- What is Rancidity and How to prevent them?
Chapter 2: Acids, Bases, and Salts
CBSE Class 10 students can get here the notes for Science Chapter 2 – Acids, Bases, and Salts. These notes are entirely according to the latest CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Science and are best for quick revision of the important topics from the chapter. Each topic has been explained in a simple manner that is quite easy to understand. Students should also attempt the questions given at the end of the revision notes for self-assessment.
- Acids, Bases, and Salts
- Chemical Indicators – Definition, Types, Examples
- Difference between Mineral Acids and Organic Acids
- Strength of Acids
- Concentrated and Dilute Acids
- Properties of Acids – Definition, Examples, Properties, Uses
- What do All Acids Have in Common?
- Are all compounds that contain hydrogen not an acid?
- Uses of Mineral Acids in Industry
- Difference between Alkalis and Bases
- What do All Bases Have in Common?
- Strong and Weak Bases
- What are Bases? – Definition, Examples, Types, Properties, and Uses
- How Strong are Acids and Bases on pH Scale?
- What is a Universal Indicator?
- Importance of pH in Everyday Life
- Explain the pH Change As the Cause Of Tooth Decay
- Importance of pH in Everyday Life
- What is meant by Family of Salts?
- What is Sodium Chloride? – Definition, Preparation, Properties, Uses
- Caustic Soda, Washing Soda, and Baking Soda – Preparation, Chemical Formula, Properties
- Bleaching Powder – Definition, Structure, Preparation, Properties
- Water of Crystallization
Chapter 3: Metals and Non-Metals
Chapter 3 science class 10th notes are one of the most important guides for the students who want to score good marks in their Class 10 science board exam. The content that these revision notes provide has been made by some of the very experienced science teachers. They have prepared these notes strictly keeping in mind the updated CBSE guidelines for class 10 science. Notes of chapter 3 science class 10 metals and non-metals contain some significant topics that have high marks weightage to come in board exams.
- Metals and Non-Metals – Definition, Properties, Uses, and Applications
- Exceptions in Physical Properties of Metals and Non-Metals
- Difference between Metals and Non-Metals
- Reactivity Series of Metals
- Uses of Metals and Non-Metals
- Noble Gases
- What are the causes of Chemical Bonding?
- Types of Chemical Bonds
- Ionic Bonds and Ionic Compounds
- Covalent Bonds – Definition, Types, Properties, Examples
- What are Covalent Compounds? Definition, Formation, Properties
- Properties of Ionic and Covalent Compounds
- Occurrence of Metals, Minerals, and Ores
- Extraction of Metals from Ores
- Concentration of Ore – Definition, Methods of Separation, Examples
- Conversion of Concentrated Ore into Metal
- Extraction of Highly Reactive Metals
- Extraction of Moderately and Less Reactive Metals
- What is Refining of Metals?
- What is Corrosion?
- Corrosion of Metals
- Rusting of Iron – Explanation, Chemical Reaction, Prevention
- What is Gold? – Definition, Properties, Uses, and Applications
- Platinum – Definition, Occurrence, Properties, Applications
- Alloys – Definition, Composition, Properties, and Uses
Chapter 4: Carbon and its Compounds
Check CBSE Class 10 Science Quick Revision Notes for Chapter 4 – Carbon and its Compounds. These notes have been prepared according to the revised syllabus. Topics excluded from the reduced syllabus have not been covered in these revision notes. You refer to these notes for the quick revision of the chapter before the upcoming CBSE Class 10 Science Board Exam 2021. You may also solve the questions given at the end of the notes for self-assessment.
- Carbon – Definition, Properties, Occurrence, Applications
- Why does Carbon Always Form Covalent Bonds?
- Why is Carbon considered Tetravalent?
- Allotropes of Carbon
- Diamond and Graphite – Structure, Uses, Properties, Applications
- What is Catenation and Tetravalency?
- What are Hydrocarbons?
- Saturated and Unsaturated Hydrocarbons
- Alkyl Groups and Cyclic Hydrocarbons
- Functional Groups in Organic Compounds
- Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds
- Hydrogenation of Oils
- Ethanol – Definition, Properties, Uses, Harmful Effects
- Ethanoic Acid – Structure, Properties, Uses, Sample Questions
- Cleansing Action of Soaps and Detergents
- Difference Between Soaps and Detergents
Chapter 5: Periodic Classification of Elements
Check CBSE Class 10 Science Notes for Chapter 5 – Periodic Classification of Elements for quick revision before Board Exam 2021. These notes are according to the revised CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus. All the topics have been explained in a simple way. It will take only about 10-15 minutes to revise the whole chapter with the help of these quick revision notes.
- Dobereiners Triads – Definition, Types, Limitations
- Newland’s Law of Octaves
- Classification of Elements
- Mendeleev’s Periodic Table Based on Atomic Masses of Elements
- Merits of Mendeleev’s Periodic Table
- Anomalies of Mendeleev’s Periodic Table
- Modern Periodic Law
- Periodic Table of Elements
- Characteristics of the Periods and Groups of the Periodic Table
- Merits of the Modern Periodic Table