Arithmetic instructions in 8085 microprocessor

Arithmetic Instructions are the instructions which perform basic arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction and a few more. In 8085 microprocessor, the destination operand is generally the accumulator. In 8085 microprocessor, the destination operand is generally the accumulator.

Following is the table showing the list of arithmetic instructions:

Opcode Operand Explanation Example
ADD R A = A + R ADD B
ADD M A = A + Mc ADD 2050
ADI 8-bit data A = A + 8-bit data ADD 50
ADC R A = A + R + prev. carry ADC B
ADC M A = A + Mc + prev. carry ADC 2050
ACI 8-bit data A = A + 8-bit data + prev. carry ACI 50
SUB R A = A – R SUB B
SUB M A = A – Mc SUB 2050
SUI 8-bit data A = A – 8-bit data SUI 50
SBB R A = A – R – prev. carry SBB B
SBB M A = A – Mc -prev. carry SBB 2050
SBI 8-bit data A = A – 8-bit data – prev. carry SBI 50
INR R R = R + 1 INR B
INR M M = Mc + 1 INR 2050
INX r.p. r.p. = r.p. + 1 INX H
DCR R R = R – 1 DCR B
DCR M M = Mc – 1 DCR 2050
DCX r.p. r.p. = r.p. – 1 DCX H
DAD r.p. HL = HL + r.p. DAD H

In the table,
R stands for register
M stands for memory
Mc stands for memory contents
r.p. stands for register pair



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