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WebDriver Navigational Commands forward() and backward() in Selenium with Python

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  • Difficulty Level : Expert
  • Last Updated : 30 Jun, 2022
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Selenium is an effective device for controlling an internet browser through the program. It is purposeful for all browsers, works on all fundamental OS and its scripts are written in numerous languages i.e Python, Java, C#, etc, we can be running with Python.

Requirement: You need to install chromedriver and set path. Click here to download.for more information follows this link.

WebDriver Navigational Commands:

  1. forward(): takes us to the next page as per the browser history
  2. back(): takes us to the previous page as per the browser history

Procedure:

  1. Importing the modules
  2. Creating an instance of Chrome.
  3. Go to the first URL i.e. www.geeksforgeeks,com
  4. Display the title of the page.
  5. Go to the second URL i.e. www.youtube,com
  6. Display the title of the page.
  7. Go to the previous page and display the title.
  8. Go to the next page and display the title.

Implementation:

Python3




# importing the modules
from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.common.keys import Keys
import time
 
# using chrome driver
driver = webdriver.Chrome()
 
# taking first url
# getting title
print(driver.title)
 
# taking 2nd url
# getting the title
print(driver.title)
 
# given time open url
time.sleep(2)
 
# WebDriver Navigational Commands backward
driver.back()
# given time open url
time.sleep(2)
# if back then given previous title
print(driver.title)
 
# WebDriver Navigational Commands backward
driver.forward()
# given time open url
time.sleep(2)
# if goto forward then given next title
print(driver.title)
 
driver.close()

Output:

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
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