UUIDField is a special field to store universally unique identifiers. It uses Python’s UUID class. UUID, Universal Unique Identifier, is a python library that helps in generating random objects of 128 bits as ids. It provides the uniqueness as it generates ids on the basis of time, Computer hardware (MAC etc.). Universally unique identifiers are a good alternative to AutoField for
primary_key. The database will not generate the UUID for you, so it is recommended to use
field_name = models.UUIDField(**options)
Django Model UUIDField Explanation
Illustration of UUIDField using an Example. Consider a project named
geeksforgeeks having an app named
Refer to the following articles to check how to create a project and an app in Django.
Enter the following code into
models.py file of geeks app.
Add the geeks app to
Now when we run
makemigrations command from the terminal,
Python manage.py makemigrations
A new folder named migrations would be created in
geeks directory with a file named
geeks_field UUIDField is created when you run makemigrations on the project.It is a field to store python’s UUID instance.
How to use UUIDField ?
UUID, Universal Unique Identifier, is a python library which helps in generating random objects of 128 bits as ids. To know more about UUID visit Generating Random id’s using UUID in Python. Let’s try to save a uuid object into the UUIDField.
Now let’s check it in admin server. We have created an instance of GeeksModel
Field Options are the arguments given to each field for applying some constraint or imparting a particular characteristic to a particular Field. For example, adding an argument
null = True to UUIDField will enable it to store empty values for that table in relational database.
Here are the option and attributes that an UUIDField can use.
|Null||If True, Django will store empty values as NULL in the database. Default is False.|
|Blank||If True, the field is allowed to be blank. Default is False.|
|Choices||An iterable (e.g., a list or tuple) of 2-tuples to use as choices for this field.|
|Default||The default value for the field. This can be a value or a callable object. If callable it will be called every time a new object is created.|
|help_text||Extra “help” text to be displayed with the form widget. It’s useful for documentation even if your field isn’t used on a form.|
|primary_key||If True, this field is the primary key for the model.|
|Unique||If True, this field must be unique throughout the table.|
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