default – Django Built-in Field Validation

Built-in Field Validations in Django models are the validations that come predefined to all Django fields. Every field comes in with built-in validations from Django validators. One can also add more built-in field validations for applying or removing certain constraints on a particular field. default=value will make the field default to value. There will be no need to explictly define any value, even if field is not entered it will default to value. Value depends upon field itself, as if field is datefield, it will accept only date values with predefined validations.

Syntax

field_name = models.Field(deafult = value)

Django Built-in Field Validation null=True Explanation

Illustration of default=value using an Example. Consider a project named geeksforgeeks having an app named geeks.



Refer to the following articles to check how to create a project and an app in Django.

Enter the following code into models.py file of geeks app. We will be using CharField for experimenting for all field options.

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from django.db import models
from django.db.models import Model
# Create your models here.
  
class GeeksModel(Model):
    geeks_field = models.CharField(max_length = 200, default = "GFG is best")

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After running makemigrations and migrate on Django and rendering the above model, let us try to create an instance using None from Django shell. To start Django shell, enter the command,

Python manage.py shell

Now let us try to create instance of GeeksModel using None.

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# importing required model
from geeks.models import GeeksModel
  
# creating instance of GeeksModel
# without entering anything
s = GeeksModel.objects.create()
  
# saving current model instance
s.save()

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Let us check in admin interface if the instance of model is created.
deafult - Django Built-in Field Validation
Therefore, default=value modifies the field to set default value for a particular field.

Advanced Concepts with default

In BooleanField, if one wants to enable or disable the field by default, it can be easily done using default=True and default=false simultaneously.

More Built-in Field Validations

Field Options Description
Null If True, Django will store empty values as NULL in the database. Default is False.
Blank If True, the field is allowed to be blank. Default is False.
db_column The name of the database column to use for this field. If this isn’t given, Django will use the field’s name.
Default The default value for the field. This can be a value or a callable object. If callable it will be called every time a new object is created.
help_text Extra “help” text to be displayed with the form widget. It’s useful for documentation even if your field isn’t used on a form.
primary_key If True, this field is the primary key for the model.
editable If False, the field will not be displayed in the admin or any other ModelForm. They are also skipped during model validation. Default is True.
error_messages The error_messages argument lets you override the default messages that the field will raise. Pass in a dictionary with keys matching the error messages you want to override.
help_text Extra “help” text to be displayed with the form widget. It’s useful for documentation even if your field isn’t used on a form.
verbose_name A human-readable name for the field. If the verbose name isn’t given, Django will automatically create it using the field’s attribute name, converting underscores to spaces.
validators A list of validators to run for this field. See the validators documentation for more information.
Unique If True, this field must be unique throughout the table.



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