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Types of Farming in India

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  • Last Updated : 27 Apr, 2022
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Agriculture in India is a vocation for a greater part of the populace and can never be underestimated. The word agriculture is gotten from a Latin word-ager or Agri significance soil, and ‘culture’ means the development of the dirt.

 In present-day terms, agribusiness includes “the craftsmanship and study of developing the dirt, developing harvests and raising livestock. “India is an agricultural significant country. 66% of its populace is occupied with agrarian exercises. Horticulture is an essential movement, which creates the majority of the food that we consume. Other than food grains, it moreover produces natural substances for different enterprises.  Besides, a few horticultural items like tea, espresso, flavors, and so on are additionally exported. 

Types of Farming

Farming is a deep-rooted monetary action in our country. Over these years, development techniques have changed altogether depending upon the qualities of physical climate, innovative ability, and practices. Cultivating shifts from resource to business type. As of now, in various pieces of India, the accompanying it is polished to cultivate frameworks-

Commercial Farming

  • Plantation farming
  • Commercial grain farming
  • Mixed farming

Subsistence Farming

  • Intensive Subsistence farming
  • Primitive Subsistence farming
    • Nomadic herding
    • Shifting cultivation

Commercial Farming

The primary trait of this kind of farming is the utilization of higher dosages of current data sources. For example high yielding assortment (HYV) seeds, synthetic composts, bug sprays, and pesticides all together to acquire higher efficiency. The level of commercialization of horticulture fluctuates from one locale to another. It’s finished with the significant expense of devices. Commercial farming is of three types explained beneath

Plantation Farming 

Plantation Cultivation is a blend of farming and industry and is polished across a tremendous area of land. Plantation proprietors as a rule grow a solitary harvest like banana, espresso, tea, and so on on a ranch and utilize mechanical help to handle the yield on the actual homestead. For instance, the elastic business involves the elastic delivered from its ranch as a natural substance.

Grain Farming 

This cultivating is finished grains and done in the colder time of year season. In this cultivating, just a solitary yield can be developed at one time. This cultivation spread in North America, Europe, and Asia. These regions are populated with enormous ranchers.

Mixed Farming 

Mixed farming is a typical practice in pieces of USA, Australia, New Zealand, Europe, and South Africa to do blended cultivating professionally. It is a method of cultivation where the food crops, cash crops, and livestock are cultivated and raised together.

Subsistence Farming

Subsistence cultivation produces little result. They don’t utilize high yielding assortments of old seeds and compost. Low degree of innovation and family work was required. Most resource cultivating is done physically. Subsistence cultivation can be grouped in two kinds:

Intensive Subsistence Farming 

Intensive subsistence cultivating is polished in areas of high populace tension ashore. It is work concentrated cultivating, where high portions of biochemical data sources and water system are utilised for getting higher creation.

Primitive Subsistence Farming 

  • This is a primitive cultivating strategy rancher actually practices it in certain pieces of the country. While this sort of resource cultivating is commonly done on little areas of land, it additionally utilizes native instruments. 
  • There are various names of primitive subsistence cultivation in different cities called 
    • ‘Jhumming’ in the North-Eastern territories of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Pam-Lou area of Manipur, Bastar region of Chhattisgarh, and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
    • ‘Dahiya’ in Madhya Pradesh
    • ‘Penda’ in Andhra Pradesh. 

Primitive subsistence cultivating further includes, as follows

Nomadic Herding 

Nomadic herding is a process of cultivation in which the herders move from one spot to somewhere else for feed and water, along characterized routes. And, the herders likewise source fleece, meat, stow away and dairy items from the domesticated animals. The most involved animals in this cultivation are sheep, camels, yak, and goats.

Shifting Cultivation 

Farmers clear the cultivated land, after harvesting the crops and burn the land in this primitive method. In this way, they maintain the fertility of the soil, so whoever uses the land. It is a ‘cut and consume’ agriculture or ‘slash and burn’ agriculture. Ranchers clear a fix of land and produce cereals and other food harvests to support their families.

Sample Questions

Question 1: What is meant by ” Slash & Burn” Agriculture explain it? 

Answer:

A “Slash & Burn ” Agriculture is a cultivating wherein ranchers clear a fix of land and produce grains and other food harvests to support their families. Whenever the dirt ripeness diminishes, the ranchers shift and clear a new fix of land for development. It is otherwise called shifting cultivation.

Question 2: Explain the various names of primitive subsistence farming methods in different places in India? And crops are grown using this method? 

Answer:

 The primitive farming methods can be called with different names in different places which are explained  below 

  • ”Dahiya’ in Madhya Pradesh
  • ‘Penda’ in Andhra Pradesh. 
  • Khil’ in the Himalayas & ‘Kumari’ in the Western Ghats

And the crops growing  through the primitive method are bananas, cassava, rice, maize, and millet etc.

Question 3: What is intensive subsistence farming? Explain its features? 

Answer:

Subsistence cultivating produce little result. They don’t utilize high yielding assortments of old seeds and compost. Most resource cultivating is done physically.

Features

  • This cultivating is spread in the thickly populated region of the monsoon areas. 
  • Rice is the principle harvest of this cultivating. Different harvests incorporate wheat, maize, beats, and oilseeds. It is a work serious cultivating. There is pressure on agriculture land.

Question 4: Explain commercial farming with an example, and state its types? 

Answer: 

The primary trait of this kind of farming is the utilization of higher dosages of current data sources. 
For  example high yielding seeds, synthetic composts, bug sprays and pesticides all together to acquire higher efficiency. 

The commercial farming is classified into three types they are

  1. Plantation Farming.
  2. Grain Farming.
  3. Mixed Farming. 

Question 5: Explain agriculture in India and describe the derivation of the word ‘agriculture’? 

Answer:

Agriculture assumes a crucial part in the Indian economy. Over of 70% of the provincial families rely upon agriculture. Agriculture is a significant area of Indian economy.

The word agriculture is derived from Latin word  Agri significance soil, and ‘culture’ meaning development of the dirt. In present day terms, agriculture includes “the craftsmanship and study of developing the dirt, developing harvests and raising livestock.” India is a agricultural significant country.

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