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What types of Lakes are found in India?

Last Updated : 11 Sep, 2023
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India is popular for its different regular assets. There are a lot of assets where supplies have significant command over the regular engaging quality of our country. Lakes are one of the chief wellsprings of regular excellence in India and there are numerous lakes in pretty much every state.

A lake is a waterway of extensive size, confined in a bowl, that is encircled via land separated from a stream or other outlet that serves to take care of or channel the lake. Lakes lie ashore and are not a piece of the sea, and consequently are particular from tidal ponds, and are likewise bigger and more profound than lakes. Normal lakes are by and large found in bumpy regions, crack zones, and regions with progressing glaciation.

Types of Lakes

Types of Lakes


Most lakes have no less than one regular surge as a stream or stream, which keeps a lake’s typical level by permitting the waste of an overabundance of water. Different lakes are found in endorheic bowls. A few lakes don’t have a characteristic surge and lose water exclusively by vanishing or underground leakage or both. They are named endorheic lakes. Most lakes on Earth are new water, and most lie in the Northern Hemisphere at higher scopes. Canada, Finland, and Siberia contain the vast majority of the new water lakes.

Types of lakes in India 

The lakes of India have various starting points. Here we give 8 kinds of lakes, as per their starting point.

Tectonic Lakes

Structural lakes will be lakes shaped by the deformity of the Earth’s covering and going with horizontal and vertical movements. Blaming, shifting, collapsing, and distorting are instances of these cycles. For instance, the crustal expansion has shaped an exchanging progression of equal grabens and horsts that structure stretches bowls that other with mountain ranges. This not just advances the development of lakes by upsetting previous seepage organizations yet additionally produces endorheic bowls in dry areas, which contain salt lakes (likewise called saline lakes).  Framed because of the issues promotion cracks in the world’s hull.

The majority of the lakes are in the bumpy areas of Kashmir and Kumaun.

  • Model: Tso Moriri and Pangong Tso (Ladakh)

Crater Lakes

A hole lake is a water-filled misery shaped by a volcanic pit or caldera. Lonar Lake is India’s most prominent illustration of a cavity lake. It is one of just four known hyper-speed influence cavities in basaltic stone in the world. Precipitation, groundwater dissemination, or softening ice can all give water. Its level increments until a harmony between the paces of entering and it is achieved leaving the water.

During a volcanic blast, the highest point of the cone might be passed over abandoning a characteristic empty called a hole. This might be developed by subsidence into a caldera. In lethargic or terminated volcanoes, downpour falls straight into the hole or caldera which has no shallow outlet and structures a pit or caldera lake. Models: Lonar in Maharashtra and Krakatoa in Indonesia.

Glacial Lakes 

A cold lake is any waterway that tracks down its starting points in the icy movement. The lakes are framed when the glacial mass disintegrates the land and melts to fill the downturn made. The chilly lakes are for the most part isolated into two primary gatherings:

Ice-contact lakes: These are described by the presence of icy mass ice ending in lake water

  • Distal lakes: These are far off from glacial masses or ice sheets, yet affected by their presence.

Chilly lakes are normal elements around the edges of glacial masses and ice sheets. They frequently advance from ice-contact lakes into ice-distal lakes as icy masses and ice sheet edges retreat and become spatially isolated from the lake. Shaped because of cold disintegration.

  • Tran is a little mountain lake, particularly one that gathers in a cirque bowl behind ascents of rock material.
  • Found in Ladakh, Jammu, and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh.
  • Model: Gangabal Lake (Kashmir)

Fluvial Lakes

The progression of a waterway is normally not straight however the stream curves and wanders all through its course because of the lopsided and non-uniform geology of the land. As the stream streams, various lakes are framed by the running water and are known as fluvial lakes.

Waterways make various lakes through their disintegration and aggregation.

  • Streams are the destroyer of the lakes.
  • Fluvially started lakes are by and large transitory and before long demolished.
  • Fluvially started lakes incorporate, Plunge pool lakes (before a cascade), Ox-bow-lakes, Alluvial fan lakes, Delta lakes, Flood plain lakes, and fracture dammed lakes.
  • Essentially viewed as in the center and lower courses of the Ganga and Brahmaputra Rivers.
  • Lakes shaped by the wandering of waterways in the fields of the delicate angle are known as Alluvial lakes.
  •  Model: Gogabeel and Kanwar Lake (Oxbow Lake)

Aeolian Lakes

In the event that a lake is shaped because of the consequence of wind action, it can be called aeolian lakes. Typically found in exceptionally dry conditions, they are likewise called interdunal lakes, and they can likewise be shaped when water from precipitation gathers in a pit between two sand ridges.

Little transitory hollows or despondencies lie on the windblown sand surface.

  • Western Rajasthan has a few pools of these kinds.
  • Desert lakes are by and large high in salt and are frequently alluded to as salt lakes.
  • Model: Dhand (Rajasthan). 

Dissolution Lakes

These lakes are framed because of a downturn of the surface by the underground disintegration of dissolvable rocks like limestone and gypsum. Such lakes are viewed in and around Cherrapunji, Shillong (Meghalaya), Bhimtal ( Kumaun), and Garhwal(Uttarakhand).

Lagoons Lakes

Tidal ponds are isolated from bigger waterways by shoals, boundary reefs, coral reefs, or other normal hindrances. “Tidal pond” gets from the Italian word laguna, which signifies “lake” or “lake.”

A tidal pond is a shallow waterway safeguarded from a bigger waterway (generally the sea) by shoals, boundary islands, or coral reefs. Tidal ponds are many of the time called estuaries, sounds, coves, or even lakes. Chilika Lake and Pulicat Lake are a portion of the models.

Landslide Lakes

Avalanche Lake Outburst Floods are normal in the Himalayan waterway bowls. These are brought about by penetrating lakes made via avalanches. The dynamic and palaeo-avalanche planning along the Satluj and Spiti Rivers show that these waterways were impeded and penetrated at many spots during the Quaternary time frame.

These lakes are delivered via avalanches and rock falls causing hindrance throughout streams. The Gohna Lake of Garhwal was shaped because of a colossal landslip across a feeder of the Ganga.

Related Links

  1. List of Important Indian Lakes
  2. Formation of Lakes
  3. Economic Benefits of Rivers and Lakes
  4. Importance of Lakes

Frequently Asked Questions

Q 1. What are the different types of lakes found in India?


The different types of lakes in India include freshwater lakes, saltwater lakes, and artificial lakes.

Q 2. What are the significant attributes of lakes in India?


Lakes help in managing the progression of a waterway.

  • Lakes store downpour water during weighty precipitation and in this way help in forestalling floods. 
  • Lakes assist in re-energizing the ground with a watering level.
  • They are additionally utilized for creating hydel power.
  • They reasonably affect the environment of the encompassing spot.

Q 3. What are the purposes of lakes?


The purposes of lakes are as follows:

  • Foster hydroelectric power.
  • They give water supply to the inspiration of water system.
  • Give new water to drink.
  • Businesses and plants use to stream and lake water for their work.
  • Supply water for the water system in rural fields.
  • Help to foster the fisheries.

Q 4. How significant are lakes in the water supply?


Lakes are significant in light of the fact that they give environments to plants and creatures that need super durable water – including fish like the icy charr, the scope of water plants, like Long-followed Pondweed, and the profoundly jeopardized Glutinous Snail.

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