Take input from stdin in Python
In this article, we will read How to take input from stdin in Python.
There are a number of ways in which we can take input from stdin in Python.
Read Input From stdin in Python using sys.stdin
First we need to import sys module. sys.stdin can be used to get input from the command line directly. It used is for standard input. It internally calls the input() method. Furthermore, it, also, automatically adds ‘\n’ after each sentence.
Example: Taking input using sys.stdin in a for-loop
Read Input From stdin in Python using input()
The input() can be used to take input from the user while executing the program and also in the middle of the execution.
Read Input From stdin in Python using fileinput.input()
If we want to read more than one file at a time, we use fileinput.input(). There are two ways to use fileinput.input(). To use this method, first, we need to import fileinput.
Example 1: Reading multiple files by providing file names in fileinput.input() function argument
Here, we pass the name of the files as a tuple in the “files” argument. Then we loop over each file to read it. “sample.txt” and “no.txt” are two files present in the same directory as the Python file.
Example 2: Reading multiple files by passing file names from command line using fileinput module
Here, we pass the file name as a positional argument in the command line. fileargument parses the argument and reads the file and displays the content of the file.