Protection refers to a mechanism which controls the access of programs, processes, or users to the resources defined by a computer system. We can take protection as a helper to multi programming operating system, so that many users might safely share a common logical name space such as directory or files.
Need of Protection:
- To prevent the access of unauthorized users and
- To ensure that each active programs or processes in the system uses resources only as the stated policy,
- To improve reliability by detecting latent errors.
Role of Protection:
The role of protection is to provide a mechanism that implement policies which defines the uses of resources in the computer system.Some policies are defined at the time of design of the system, some are designed by management of the system and some are defined by the users of the system to protect their own files and programs.
Every application has different policies for use of the resources and they may change over time so protection of the system is not only concern of the designer of the operating system. Application programmer should also design the protection mechanism to protect their system against misuse.
Policy is different from mechanism. Mechanisms determine how something will be done and policies determine what will be done.Policies are changed over time and place to place. Separation of mechanism and policy is important for the flexibility of the system.
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