With the use of technology and the internet, a threat to system and network is increasing day by day. Cyber attackers use various techniques like malware, ransomware, phishing, and many more to compromise confidential data of large companies. Due to this, there is a tremendous demand for computer security professionals around the world. The computer security or cybersecurity professional’s main job is to protect the computer and network from cyber attackers. To make a career in cybersecurity, we need to get some certifications to increase our abilities to involve in the jobs. Cybersecurity career starts from entry-level and then goes to expert-level based on one’s experience and knowledge. The three basic entry-level job roles in cybersecurity are:
- A Bachelors degree in IT or computer science with minimum one to two years experience in network security
- Familiarity with Unix, Linux, and Windows operating system
- Knowledge about SaaS models and cloud computing
- Require certification like security+, network+, certified ethical hacker
- Strong cybersecurity and awareness skills
- Need knowledge in using forensic tools
- Programming skills like java, C, C++, and PHP
- Strong communication skills and decision-making skills
- Certification like certified ethical hacking, GIAC security certifications, EC-Council certified security analyst
- Knowledge of vulnerabilities and penetration testing
- Monitor security access and maintain data
- Install and recommend appropriate tools and countermeasures
- Able to train the employees about the awareness of computer security and procedure
- Gather information from both external and internal sources to analysis the cyber threats and report
- Test the vulnerabilities and risk analysis
- Analyze the security breaches and identify the root causes
- Monitor the company’s incidents and report to the disaster recovery planners
- Collaborate with the vendors to meet the security requirements
- A Bachelors degree in computer science or other equivalent electrical engineering or cybersecurity with minimum two or three years experience in an incident analyst
- Must have the experience to use forensic tools such as Encase, FTK, Sleuth kit and many more
- Problem-solving skills and should respond to incidences immediately
- Must know programming languages like C, C++, Java, ASM, PHP, and Perl
- Familiarity with Linux, Unix, and Windows operating system
- Knowledge of backup and archiving technologies
- Knowledge of web application security and cloud computing
- Required certification in certified ethical hacker, GIAC credited forensic examiner, forensic analyst, and incident handler.
- To monitor network and systems to detect intrusions.
- He is responsible for identifying security flaws and vulnerabilities in systems and the network of a company.
- He is responsible for analyzing risks and ensure the security of data.
- He is responsible for penetration testing.
- He is responsible for producing incident reports.
- He is responsible for providing detailed endpoint analysis reports on various operating systems.
- To support clients during attacks.
- To investigate cyberattacks and provide solutions to prevent them
- He needs to resolve incidents in the specified service level agreement
- Record the troubleshooting and service restoration details.
- Problem-solving skills
- Programming languages like C, C++, PHP
- Knowledge of cybersecurity frameworks and risk management methodologies
- Knowledge in public key infrastructure and cryptography protocols
- Excellent communication skills and decision-making skills
- Bachelors degree or BSc or BA in computer science with one year experience
- Certifications like CompTIA security+, CISSP is desirable
- Operate information security aspects like data integrity, availability, authentication, confidentiality and non- repudiation under the general supervision,
- Implement and monitor security measures of communication system,
- Install, configure, and update the security software applications,
- Responsible for network security, network intrusion detection,
- Responsible for handling the information security
- Responsible for maintaining COOP/Disaster Recovery plans
- Responsible for protecting private networks
- Need to operate an electronic key management system
- Take steps to ensure privacy from threats and malware
- Need to develop government-approved security policies.