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Difference between Cyber Security and Information Security

Last Updated : 07 Apr, 2023
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The terms Cyber Security and Information Security are often used interchangeably. As they both are responsible for the security and protecting the computer system from threats and information breaches and often Cybersecurity and information security are so closely linked that they may seem synonymous and unfortunately, they are used synonymously. If we talk about data security it’s all about securing the data from malicious users and threats. Now another question is what is the difference between Data and Information? So one important point is that “not every data can be information” data can be informed if it is interpreted in a context and given meaning. for example “100798” is data and if we know that it’s the date of birth of a person then it is information because it has some meaning. so information means data that has some meaning.

Examples and Inclusion of Cyber Security are as follows:

  • Network Security
  • Application Security
  • Cloud Security
  • Critical Infrastructure

Examples and inclusion of Information Security are as follows:

  • Procedural Controls
  • Access Controls
  • Technical Controls
  • Compliance Controls
Basic Definition It is the practice of protecting the data from outside the resource on the internet. It is all about protecting information from unauthorized users, access, and data modification or removal in order to provide confidentiality, integrity, and availability.
Protect It is about the ability to protect the use of cyberspace from cyber attacks. It deals with the protection of data from any form of threat.
Scope Cybersecurity to protect anything in the cyber realm. Information security is for information irrespective of the realm.
Threat Cybersecurity deals with the danger in cyberspace. Information security deals with the protection of data from any form of threat.
Attacks Cybersecurity strikes against Cyber crimes, cyber frauds, and law enforcement. Information security strikes against unauthorized access, disclosure modification, and disruption.
Professionals Cyber security professionals deal with the prevention of active threats or Advanced Persistent threats (APT). Information security professionals are the foundation of data security and security professionals associated with it are responsible for policies, processes, and organizational roles and responsibilities that assure confidentiality, integrity, and availability.
Deals with It deals with threats that may or may not exist in the cyber realm such as protecting your social media account, personal information, etc. It deals with information Assets and integrity, confidentiality, and availability.
Defence Acts as first line of defence. Comes into play when security is breached.
Threats Primarily deals with digital threats, such as hacking, malware, and phishing Addresses a wider range of threats, including physical theft, espionage, and human error
Goal  Protects against unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction of digital information  Protects the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of all types of information, regardless of the medium in which it is stored
Technologies  Relies on a variety of technologies, such as firewalls, antivirus software, and intrusion detection systems  Uses a range of technologies, including encryption, access controls, and data loss prevention tools
Skills required  Requires specialized knowledge of computer systems and networks, as well as programming and software development skills  Requires knowledge of risk management, compliance, legal and regulatory issues, as well as technical knowledge
Focus on data  Emphasizes protecting the data itself, regardless of where it is stored or how it is transmitted  Emphasizes the protection of information assets, which includes data but also other information such as intellectual property, trade secrets, and confidential customer information
Threat landscape  Deals with constantly evolving threats, such as new forms of malware and emerging cybercrime techniques  Deals with a wide range of threats, including physical security breaches, insider threats, and social engineering attacks

Diagrams are given below to represent the difference between Information Security and Cybersecurity


In the above diagram, ICT refers to Information and communications technology (ICT) which is an extensional term for information technology (IT) that defines the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (basically digital communication security).

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