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# Python – Concatenate Kth element in Tuple List

While working with tuples, we store different data as different tuple elements. Sometimes, there is a need to print a specific information from the tuple. For instance, a piece of code would want just names to be printed of all the student data in concatenated format. Lets discuss certain ways how one can achieve solutions to this problem.

Method #1 : Using list comprehension + join() List comprehension is the simplest way in which this problem can be solved. We can just iterate over only the specific index value in all the index and store it in a list and concat it after that using join().

## Python3

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate``# Concatenating Kth element in Tuple List``# using list comprehension` `# initializing list of tuples``test_list ``=` `[(``1``, ``'Rash'``, ``21``), (``2``, ``'Varsha'``, ``20``), (``3``, ``'Kil'``, ``19``)]` `# printing original list``print` `("The original ``list` `is` `: " ``+` `str``(test_list))` `# initializing K``K ``=` `1` `# using list comprehension + join() to concatenate names``res ``=` `" ".join([lis[K] ``for` `lis ``in` `test_list])``    ` `# printing result``print` `("String with only Kth ``tuple` `element (i.e names) concatenated : " ``+` `str``(res))`

Output :

```The original list is : [(1, 'Rash', 21), (2, 'Varsha', 20), (3, 'Kil', 19)]
String with only Kth tuple element (i.e names) concatenated : Rash Varsha Kil```

Time complexity of the code is O(n), where n is the length of the list of tuples.

The auxiliary space complexity of the code is also O(n), as the list comprehension creates a new list of length n to store the Kth element of each tuple.

Method #2 : Using map() + itemgetter() + join() map() coupled with itemgetter() can perform this task in more simpler way. map() maps all the element we access using itemgetter() and returns the result. The task of concatenation is performed using join().

## Python3

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate``# Concatenating Kth element in Tuple List``# using map() + itergetter() + join()``from` `operator ``import` `itemgetter` `# initializing list of tuples``test_list ``=` `[(``1``, ``'Rash'``, ``21``), (``2``, ``'Varsha'``, ``20``), (``3``, ``'Kil'``, ``19``)]` `# printing original list``print` `("The original ``list` `is` `: " ``+` `str``(test_list))` `# initializing K``K ``=` `1` `# using map() + itergetter() + join() to get names``res ``=` `" ".join(``list``(``map``(itemgetter(K), test_list)))``    ` `# printing result``print` `("String with only nth ``tuple` `element (i.e names) concatenated : " ``+` `str``(res))`

Output :

```The original list is : [(1, 'Rash', 21), (2, 'Varsha', 20), (3, 'Kil', 19)]
String with only Kth tuple element (i.e names) concatenated : Rash Varsha Kil```

The time complexity of the provided code is O(n), where n is the length of the input tuple list.

The auxiliary space of the provided code is O(n), where n is the length of the input tuple list.

Method #3 : Using numpy

This approach uses the numpy library to extract the Kth element from each tuple in the list and concatenate the result. The np.array function is used to convert the list of tuples into a numpy array, and the [:, K] indexing syntax is used to extract the Kth element from each tuple. Finally, the join method is used to concatenate the extracted elements into a single string. The time complexity of this approach is O(n) and the space complexity is O(n), where n is the number of tuples in the list.

## Python3

 `# Using numpy to concatenate Kth element in Tuple List` `import` `numpy as np` `# initializing list of tuples``test_list ``=` `[(``1``, ``'Rash'``, ``21``), (``2``, ``'Varsha'``, ``20``), (``3``, ``'Kil'``, ``19``)]` `# printing original list``print``(``"The original list is: "``, test_list)` `# initializing K``K ``=` `1` `# Using numpy to extract Kth element in Tuple List``res ``=` `" "``.join(np.array(test_list)[:, K])` `# printing result``print``(``"String with only Kth tuple element (i.e names) concatenated: "``, res)``#This code is contributed by Edula Vinay Kumar Reddy`

Output:

```The original list is:  [(1, 'Rash', 21), (2, 'Varsha', 20), (3, 'Kil', 19)]
String with only Kth tuple element (i.e names) concatenated:  Rash Varsha Kil```

Time Complexity: O(N), where N is the number of tuples in test_list.

Auxiliary Space: O(N), where N is the number of tuples in test_list.

Method #4: Using a for loop to extract the Kth element and join the strings.

Initializes a list of tuples and extracts the second element (K=1) from each tuple using a for loop. The extracted elements are concatenated into a string with a space separator and printed.

## Python3

 `# initializing list of tuples``test_list ``=` `[(``1``, ``'Rash'``, ``21``), (``2``, ``'Varsha'``, ``20``), (``3``, ``'Kil'``, ``19``)]` `# initializing K``K ``=` `1` `# Using for loop to extract Kth element in Tuple List``res ``=` `""``for` `tpl ``in` `test_list:``    ``res ``+``=` `tpl[K] ``+` `" "` `# printing result``print``(``"String with only Kth tuple element (i.e names) concatenated: "``, res)`

Output

`String with only Kth tuple element (i.e names) concatenated:  Rash Varsha Kil `

Time Complexity: O(n), where n is the number of tuples in the list.

Space Complexity: O(n), where n is the number of tuples in the list.

Method 5: Using the reduce() function from the functools module and a lambda function.

Algorithm:

1. Import the reduce function from the functools module.
2. Initialize a list of tuples called test_list.
3. Initialize an integer K to 1.
4. Define a lambda function that takes two arguments: a and tpl. The lambda function extracts the Kth element of tpl and appends it to a.
5. Use the reduce function to apply the lambda function to each element of test_list and return a list of Kth elements.
6. Convert the list of Kth elements to a string and join them with spaces.
7. Print the resulting string.

## Python3

 `from` `functools ``import` `reduce`  `# initializing list of tuples``test_list ``=` `[(``1``, ``'Rash'``, ``21``), (``2``, ``'Varsha'``, ``20``), (``3``, ``'Kil'``, ``19``)]` `# initializing K``K ``=` `1` `names ``=` `reduce``(``lambda` `a, tpl: a ``+` `[tpl[K]], test_list, [])``res ``=` `" "``.join(names)` `# printing result``print``(``"String with only Kth tuple element (i.e names) concatenated: "``, res)`

Output

`String with only Kth tuple element (i.e names) concatenated:  Rash Varsha Kil`

Time complexity:

The lambda function inside reduce is executed for each element in test_list, so its time complexity is O(1).
The reduce function iterates through each element in test_list and applies the lambda function to it, so its time complexity is O(n).
The join function joins the list of names with spaces, so its time complexity is O(n).
Therefore, the overall time complexity of the code is O(n), where n is the number of tuples in test_list.

Space complexity:

The size of the list of tuples test_list is O(n), where n is the number of tuples in the list.
The integer variable K occupies a constant amount of space, so its space complexity is O(1).
The reduce function stores the result of the lambda function in a list. The size of the list is also O(n), so the space complexity of the reduce function is O(n).
The lambda function creates a list to store the extracted Kth element for each tuple, so the space complexity of the lambda function is also O(n).
The join function creates a new string, which has a space complexity of O(n).
The names list created in reduce is discarded after it’s converted to a string, so it doesn’t contribute to the overall space complexity.
Therefore, the overall space complexity of the code is O(n), where n is the number of tuples in test_list.

Method #6: Using a generator expression and join()

Step-by-step approach:

1. Initialize the list of tuples test_list.
2. Print the original list using the print() function and concatenation.
3. Initialize the value of K.
4. Use a generator expression inside the join() method to extract the Kth element (name) from each tuple in the test_list.
5. Assign the result to res.
6. Print the result using the print() function and concatenation

## Python3

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate``# Concatenating Kth element in Tuple List``# using generator expression and join()` `# initializing list of tuples``test_list ``=` `[(``1``, ``'Rash'``, ``21``), (``2``, ``'Varsha'``, ``20``), (``3``, ``'Kil'``, ``19``)]` `# printing original list``print``(``"The original list is : "` `+` `str``(test_list))` `# initializing K``K ``=` `1` `# using generator expression and join() to concatenate names``res ``=` `" "``.join(tup[K] ``for` `tup ``in` `test_list)` `# printing result``print``(``"String with only Kth tuple element (i.e names) concatenated : "` `+` `str``(res))`

Output

```The original list is : [(1, 'Rash', 21), (2, 'Varsha', 20), (3, 'Kil', 19)]
String with only Kth tuple element (i.e names) concatenated : Rash Varsha Kil```

Time complexity: O(n), where n is the number of tuples in the test_list.
Auxiliary space: O(1), as no additional space is used other than the input test_list and the output string res.