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Program for Binary To Decimal Conversion

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 14 Apr, 2021

Given a binary number as input, we need to write a program to convert the given binary number into an equivalent decimal number.

Examples : 

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Input : 111
Output : 7

Input : 1010
Output : 10

Input: 100001
Output: 33

The idea is to extract the digits of a given binary number starting from the rightmost digit and keep a variable dec_value. At the time of extracting digits from the binary number, multiply the digit with the proper base (Power of 2) and add it to the variable dec_value. In the end, the variable dec_value will store the required decimal number.
For Example: 
If the binary number is 111. 
dec_value = 1*(2^2) + 1*(2^1) + 1*(2^0) = 7



The below diagram explains how to convert ( 1010 ) to equivalent decimal value: 
 

binary2decimal

Below is the implementation of the above idea : 

C++




// C++ program to convert binary to decimal
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to convert binary to decimal
int binaryToDecimal(int n)
{
    int num = n;
    int dec_value = 0;
 
    // Initializing base value to 1, i.e 2^0
    int base = 1;
 
    int temp = num;
    while (temp) {
        int last_digit = temp % 10;
        temp = temp / 10;
 
        dec_value += last_digit * base;
 
        base = base * 2;
    }
 
    return dec_value;
}
 
// Driver program to test above function
int main()
{
    int num = 10101001;
 
    cout << binaryToDecimal(num) << endl;
}

Java




// Java program to convert
// binary to decimal
 
// Function to convert
// binary to decimal
class GFG {
    static int binaryToDecimal(int n)
    {
        int num = n;
        int dec_value = 0;
 
        // Initializing base
        // value to 1, i.e 2^0
        int base = 1;
 
        int temp = num;
        while (temp > 0) {
            int last_digit = temp % 10;
            temp = temp / 10;
 
            dec_value += last_digit * base;
 
            base = base * 2;
        }
 
        return dec_value;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int num = 10101001;
        System.out.println(binaryToDecimal(num));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by mits.

Python3




# Python3 program to convert
# binary to decimal
 
# Function to convert
# binary to decimal
def binaryToDecimal(n):
    num = n;
    dec_value = 0;
     
    # Initializing base
    # value to 1, i.e 2 ^ 0
    base = 1;
     
    temp = num;
    while(temp):
        last_digit = temp % 10;
        temp = int(temp / 10);
         
        dec_value += last_digit * base;
        base = base * 2;
    return dec_value;
 
# Driver Code
num = 10101001;
print(binaryToDecimal(num));
 
# This code is contributed by mits

C#




// C# program to convert
// binary to decimal
 
// Function to convert
// binary to decimal
class GFG {
    public static int binaryToDecimal(int n)
    {
        int num = n;
        int dec_value = 0;
 
        // Initializing base1
        // value to 1, i.e 2^0
        int base1 = 1;
 
        int temp = num;
        while (temp > 0) {
            int last_digit = temp % 10;
            temp = temp / 10;
 
            dec_value += last_digit * base1;
 
            base1 = base1 * 2;
        }
 
        return dec_value;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main()
    {
        int num = 10101001;
 
        System.Console.Write(binaryToDecimal(num));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by mits.

PHP




<?php
// PHP program to convert
// binary to decimal
 
// Function to convert
// binary to decimal
function binaryToDecimal($n)
{
    $num = $n;
    $dec_value = 0;
     
    // Initializing base value
    // to 1, i.e 2^0
    $base = 1;
     
    $temp = $num;
    while ($temp)
    {
        $last_digit = $temp % 10;
        $temp = $temp / 10;
         
        $dec_value += $last_digit
                        * $base;
        $base = $base*2;
    }
    return $dec_value;
}
 
    // Driver Code
    $num = 10101001;
    echo binaryToDecimal($num), "\n";
 
// This code is contributed by ajit
?>

Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript program to convert binary to decimal
 
// Function to convert binary to decimal
function binaryToDecimal(n)
{
    let num = n;
    let dec_value = 0;
 
    // Initializing base value to 1, i.e 2^0
    let base = 1;
 
    let temp = num;
    while (temp) {
        let last_digit = temp % 10;
        temp = Math.floor(temp / 10);
 
        dec_value += last_digit * base;
 
        base = base * 2;
    }
 
    return dec_value;
}
 
// Driver program to test above function
    let num = 10101001;
 
    document.write(binaryToDecimal(num) + "<br>");
 
 
// This code is contributed by Surbhi Tyagi
 
</script>

Output: 

169

Note: The program works only with binary numbers in the range of integers. In case you want to work with long binary numbers like 20 bits or 30 bit, you can use a string variable to store the binary numbers.

Below is a similar program which uses string variable instead of integers to store binary value: 
 

C++




// C++ program to convert binary to decimal
// when input is represented as binary string.
#include <iostream>
#include <string>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to convert binary to decimal
int binaryToDecimal(string n)
{
    string num = n;
    int dec_value = 0;
 
    // Initializing base value to 1, i.e 2^0
    int base = 1;
 
    int len = num.length();
    for (int i = len - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
        if (num[i] == '1')
            dec_value += base;
        base = base * 2;
    }
 
    return dec_value;
}
 
// Driver program to test above function
int main()
{
    string num = "10101001";
    cout << binaryToDecimal(num) << endl;
}

Java




// Java program to convert binary to
// decimal when input is represented
// as binary string.
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to convert binary to decimal
    static int binaryToDecimal(String n)
    {
        String num = n;
        int dec_value = 0;
 
        // Initializing base value to 1,
        // i.e 2^0
        int base = 1;
 
        int len = num.length();
        for (int i = len - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
            if (num.charAt(i) == '1')
                dec_value += base;
            base = base * 2;
        }
 
        return dec_value;
    }
 
    // Driver program to test above function
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        String num = new String("10101001");
        System.out.println(binaryToDecimal(num));
    }
}
 
// This code is contribute by Prerna Saini

Python3




# Python3 program to convert binary
# to decimal when input is
# represented as binary string.
 
# Function to convert
# binary to decimal
def binaryToDecimal(n):
    num = n;
    dec_value = 0;
     
    # Initializing base
    # value to 1, i.e 2 ^ 0
    base1 = 1;
     
    len1 = len(num);
    for i in range(len1 - 1, -1, -1):
        if (num[i] == '1'):    
            dec_value += base1;
        base1 = base1 * 2;
     
    return dec_value;
 
# Driver Code
num = "10101001";
print(binaryToDecimal(num));
 
# This code is contributed by mits

C#




// C# program to convert binary to
// decimal when input is represented
// as binary string.
using System;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to convert binary to decimal
    static int binaryToDecimal(String n)
    {
        String num = n;
        int dec_value = 0;
 
        // Initializing base value to 1,
        // i.e 2^0
        int base1 = 1;
 
        int len = num.Length;
        for (int i = len - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
            if (num[i] == '1')
                dec_value += base1;
            base1 = base1 * 2;
        }
 
        return dec_value;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main()
    {
        String num = "10101001";
        Console.WriteLine(binaryToDecimal(num));
    }
}
 
// This code is contribute by mits

PHP




<?php
// PHP program to convert binary
// to decimal when input is
// represented as binary string.
 
// Function to convert
// binary to decimal
function binaryToDecimal($n)
{
    $num = $n;
    $dec_value = 0;
     
    // Initializing base
    // value to 1, i.e 2^0
    $base = 1;
     
    $len = strlen($num);
    for ($i = $len - 1; $i >= 0; $i--)
    {
        if ($num[$i] == '1')    
            $dec_value += $base;
        $base = $base * 2;
    }
     
    return $dec_value;
}
 
// Driver Code
$num = "10101001";
echo binaryToDecimal($num), "\n";
 
// This code is contributed by aj_36
?>

Javascript




<script>
 
// Javascript program to convert binary to decimal
// when input is represented as binary string.
 
// Function to convert binary to decimal
function binaryToDecimal(n)
{
    let num = n;
    let dec_value = 0;
 
    // Initializing base value to 1, i.e 2^0
    let base = 1;
 
    let len = num.length;
    for (let i = len - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
        if (num[i] == '1')
            dec_value += base;
        base = base * 2;
    }
 
    return dec_value;
}
 
// Driver program to test above function
 
    let num = "10101001";
    document.write(binaryToDecimal(num) + "<br>");
 
// This code is contributed by Mayank Tyagi
 
</script>

Output : 

169

Using pre-defined function: 
 

C++




#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
 
int main()
{
    char binaryNumber[] = "1001";
     
    cout << stoi(binaryNumber, 0, 2);
 
    return 0;
}
// This code is contributed by whysodarkbro

C




#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
 
int main()
{
    char binaryNumber[] = "1001";
    int bin, dec = 0;
     
    bin = atoi(binaryNumber);
 
    for(int i = 0; bin; i++, bin /= 10)
        if (bin % 10)
            dec += pow(2, i);
 
    printf("%d", dec);
 
    return 0;
}
 
// This code is contributed by whysodarkbro

Java




public class GFG {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        String binaryNumber = "1001";
        System.out.println(Integer.parseInt(binaryNumber, 2));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed
// By Yash Kumar Arora

Python3




n = input()
 
# Convert n to base 2
s = int(n, 2)
 
print(s)

C#




using System;
 
class GFG {
     
public static void Main()
{
    int value = 1001;
    Console.Write(Convert.ToInt32(value.ToString(), 2));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by SoumikMondal

Javascript




<script>
         
var binaryNumber = "1001";
document.write(parseInt(binaryNumber, 2));
 
// This code contributed by Princi Singh
</script>

Output :  

9

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