Explain the functionality of following functions.

**Question 1**

## C++

`/* Assume that n is greater than or equal to 1 */` `int` `fun1(` `int` `n) ` `{ ` `if` `(n == 1) ` ` ` `return` `0; ` `else` ` ` `return` `1 + fun1(n/2); ` `} ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by shubhamsingh10 ` |

*chevron_right*

*filter_none*

## C

`/* Assume that n is greater than or equal to 1 */` `int` `fun1(` `int` `n) ` `{ ` ` ` `if` `(n == 1) ` ` ` `return` `0; ` ` ` `else` ` ` `return` `1 + fun1(n/2); ` `} ` |

*chevron_right*

*filter_none*

## Java

`/* Assume that n is greater than or equal to 1 */` `static` `int` `fun1(` `int` `n) ` `{ ` `if` `(n == ` `1` `) ` ` ` `return` `0` `; ` `else` ` ` `return` `1` `+ fun1(n/` `2` `); ` `} ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by shubhamsingh10 ` |

*chevron_right*

*filter_none*

## Python3

`# Assume that n is greater than or equal to 1 */ ` `def` `fun1(n): ` ` ` `if` `(n ` `=` `=` `1` `): ` ` ` `return` `0` ` ` `else` `: ` ` ` `return` `1` `+` `fun1(n` `/` `2` `) ` ` ` `# This code is contributed by shubhamsingh10 ` |

*chevron_right*

*filter_none*

## C#

`/* Assume that n is greater than or equal to 1 */` `static` `int` `fun1(` `int` `n) ` `{ ` `if` `(n == 1) ` ` ` `return` `0; ` `else` ` ` `return` `1 + fun1(n/2); ` `} ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by shubhamsingh10 ` |

*chevron_right*

*filter_none*

Answer: The function calculates and returns . For example, if n is between 8 and 15 then fun1() returns 3. If n is between 16 to 31 then fun1() returns 4.

**Question 2**

## C++

`/* Assume that n is greater than or equal to 0 */` `void` `fun2(` `int` `n) ` `{ ` `if` `(n == 0) ` ` ` `return` `; ` ` ` `fun2(n/2); ` `cout << n%2 << endl; ` `} ` ` ` `//This code is contributed by shubhamsingh10 ` |

*chevron_right*

*filter_none*

## C

`/* Assume that n is greater than or equal to 0 */` `void` `fun2(` `int` `n) ` `{ ` ` ` `if` `(n == 0) ` ` ` `return` `; ` ` ` ` ` `fun2(n/2); ` ` ` `printf` `(` `"%d"` `, n%2); ` `} ` |

*chevron_right*

*filter_none*

## Java

`/* Assume that n is greater than or equal to 1 */` `static` `void` `fun2(` `int` `n) ` `{ ` `if` `(n == ` `0` `) ` ` ` `return` `; ` ` ` `fun2(n/` `2` `); ` `System.out.println(n%` `2` `); ` `} ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by Shubhamsingh10 ` |

*chevron_right*

*filter_none*

## Python3

`# Assume that n is greater than or equal to 0 */ ` `def` `fun2(n): ` ` ` `if` `(n ` `=` `=` `0` `): ` ` ` `return` ` ` ` ` `fun2(n ` `/` `2` `) ` ` ` `print` `(n ` `%` `2` `, end` `=` `"") ` ` ` `# This code is contributed by shubhamsingh10 ` |

*chevron_right*

*filter_none*

## C#

`void` `fun2(` `int` `n) ` `{ ` `if` `(n == 0) ` ` ` `return` `; ` ` ` `fun2(n/2); ` `Console.Write(n%2); ` `} ` `// This code is contributed by shubhamsingh10 ` |

*chevron_right*

*filter_none*

Answer: The function fun2() prints binary equivalent of n. For example, if n is 21 then fun2() prints 10101.

Note that above functions are just for practicing recursion, they are not the ideal implementation of the functionality they provide.

Please write comments if you find any of the answers/codes incorrect.

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the **DSA Self Paced Course** at a student-friendly price and become industry ready.