This article brings you a very interesting and lesser known function of Python, namely max() and min(). Now when compared to their C++ counterpart, which only allows two arguments, that too strictly being float, int or char, these functions are not only limited to 2 elements, but can hold many elements as arguments and also support strings in their arguments, hence allowing to display lexicographically smallest or largest string as well. Detailed functionality are explained below.
This function is used to compute the maximum of the values passed in its argument and lexicographically largest value if strings are passed as arguments.
Syntax : max(a,b,c,..) Parameters : a,b,c,.. : similar type of data. Return Value : Returns the maximum of all the arguments. Exceptions : Returns TypeError when conflicting types are compared.
Maximum of 4,12,43.3,19 and 100 is : 100
This function is used to compute the minimum of the values passed in its argument and lexicographically smallest value if strings are passed as arguments.
Syntax : min(a,b,c,..) Parameters : a,b,c,.. : similar type of data. Return Value : Returns the minimum of all the arguments. Exceptions : Returns TypeError when conflicting types are compared.
Minimum of 4,12,43.3,19 and 100 is : 4
1. TypeError : These functions throw TypeError when conflicting data types are compared.
Minimum of 4,12,43.3,19 and GeeksforGeeks is :
Runtime Error :
Traceback (most recent call last): File "/home/b5da1d7f834a267f94fbbefe1b31a83c.py", line 7, in print (min( 4,12,43.3,19,"GeeksforGeeks" ) ) TypeError: unorderable types: str() < int()
One of the practical application among many are finding lexicographically largest and smallest of Strings i.e String appearing first in dictionary or last.
The word occuring 1st in dict. among given is : algorithm The word occuring last in dict. among given is : programming
This article is contributed by Manjeet Singh. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to firstname.lastname@example.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.
- Important differences between Python 2.x and Python 3.x with examples
- Python | Set 4 (Dictionary, Keywords in Python)
- Python | Sort Python Dictionaries by Key or Value
- Use of min() and max() in Python
- Any & All in Python
- Python | a += b is not always a = a + b
- Python Set | pop()
- SHA in Python
- SQL using Python | Set 1
- zip() in Python
- set add() in python
- gcd() in Python
- pow() in Python
- bin() in Python
- chr() in Python