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LCM of factorial and its neighbors

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 23 Jun, 2022
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Given a number, we need to find LCM of the factorial of the numbers and its neighbors. If the number is N, we need to find LCM of (N-1)!, N! and (N+1)!.Here N is always greater than or equal too 1
Examples : 
 

Input : N = 5  
Output : 720
Explanation
Here the given number is 5, its neighbors 
are 4 and 6. The factorial of these three 
numbers are 24, 120, and 720.so the LCM
of 24, 120, 720 is 720.
 
Input : N = 3  
Output : 24
Explanation
Here the given number is 3, its Neighbors
are 2 and 4.the factorial of these three 
numbers are 2, 6, and 24. So the LCM of 
2, 6 and 24 is 24.

 

Method 1(Simple). We first calculate the factorial of number  and the factorial of its neighbor then 
find the LCM of these factorials numbers.
Method 2(Efficient) 
We can see that the LCM of (N-1)!, N! and (N+1)! is always (N-1)! * N! * (N+1)! 
this can be written as (N-1)! * N*(N-1)! * (N+1)*N*(N-1)! 
so the LCM become (N-1)! * N * (N+1) 
which is (N+1)!
Example 
N = 5 
We need to find the LCM of 4!, 5!and 6! 
LCM of 4!, 5!and 6! 
= 4! * 5! * 6! 
= 4! * 5*4! * 6*5*4! 
= 6*5*4! 
= 720 
So we can say that LCM of the factorial of three consecutive numbers is always the factorial of the largest number.in this case (N+1)!. 
 

C++




// CPP program to calculate the LCM of N!
// and its neighbor (N-1)! and (N+1)!
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// function to calculate the factorial
unsigned int factorial(unsigned int n)
{
    if (n == 0)
        return 1;
    return n * factorial(n - 1);
}
 
int LCMOfNeighbourFact(int n)
{
    // returning the factorial of the
    // largest number in the given three
    // consecutive numbers
    return factorial(n + 1);
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int N = 5;
    cout << LCMOfNeighbourFact(N) << "\n";
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to calculate the LCM of N!
// and its neighbor (N-1)! and (N+1)!
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG {
 
    // function to calculate the factorial
    static int factorial(int n)
    {
        if (n == 0)
            return 1;
             
        return n * factorial(n - 1);
    }
 
    static int LCMOfNeighbourFact(int n)
    {
         
        // returning the factorial of the
        // largest number in the given three
        // consecutive numbers
        return factorial(n + 1);
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        int N = 5;
         
        System.out.println(LCMOfNeighbourFact(N));
    }
}
 
/*This code is contributed by Nikita Tiwari.*/

Python3




# Python3 program to calculate the LCM of N!
# and its neighbor (N-1)! and (N+1)!
 
# Function to calculate the factorial
def factorial(n):
    if (n == 0):
        return 1
    return n * factorial(n - 1)
 
def LCMOfNeighbourFact(n):
 
    # returning the factorial of the
    # largest number in the given three
    # consecutive numbers
    return factorial(n + 1)
 
# Driver code
N = 5
print(LCMOfNeighbourFact(N))
 
# This code is contributed by Anant Agarwal.

C#




// Program to calculate the LCM
// of N! and its neighbor (N-1)!
// and (N+1)!
using System;
 
class GFG
{
// function to calculate the factorial
static int factorial(int n) {
     
    if (n == 0)
        return 1;
    return n * factorial(n - 1);
}
  
static int LCMOfNeighbourFact(int n) {
 
    // returning the factorial of the
    // largest number in the given three
    // consecutive numbers
    return factorial(n + 1);
}
 
// Driver code
public static void Main()
{
 int N = 5;
  
 Console.WriteLine(LCMOfNeighbourFact(N));
}
}
  
// This code is contributed by Anant Agarwal.

PHP




<?php
// PHP program to calculate
// the LCM of N! and its neighbor
// (N-1)! and (N+1)!
 
// function to calculate
// the factorial
function factorial($n)
{
    if ($n == 0)
        return 1;
    return $n * factorial($n - 1);
}
 
function LCMOfNeighbourFact($n)
{
    // returning the factorial
    // of the largest number in
    // the given three
    // consecutive numbers
    return factorial($n + 1);
}
 
// Driver code
$N = 5;
echo(LCMOfNeighbourFact($N));
 
// This code is contributed by Ajit.
?>

Javascript




<script>
// javascript program to calculate the LCM of N!
// and its neighbor (N-1)! and (N+1)!
 
    // function to calculate the factorial
    function factorial(n)
    {
        if (n == 0)
            return 1;
 
        return n * factorial(n - 1);
    }
 
    function LCMOfNeighbourFact(n)
    {
 
        // returning the factorial of the
        // largest number in the given three
        // consecutive numbers
        return factorial(n + 1);
    }
 
    // Driver code
    var N = 5;
    document.write(LCMOfNeighbourFact(N));
 
// This code is contributed by aashish1995
</script>

Output: 

720

 

Time Complexity: O(n) 
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

Please suggest if someone has a better solution which is more efficient in terms of space and time.
This article is contributed by Aarti_Rathi. Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above


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