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Insertion Sort Visualization using JavaScript
  • Last Updated : 23 Feb, 2021

Insertion sort is a simple sorting algorithm in which values from the unsorted part are picked and placed at the correct position in the sorted part.

In order to know more about it. Please refer Insertion Sort.

An algorithm like Insertion Sort can be easily understood by visualizing instead of long codes. In this article, Insertion Sort Visualizer is implemented using HTML, CSS & JavaScript.

Pre-requisites:

Approach:



  • Button Generate New Array generate an array of random values using Math.random() function and a bar corresponding to that value in terms of height.
  • Different colors are used to indicate which elements are unsorted(sky-blue), compared(darkblue) & sorted(lightgreen).
  • Button Insertion Sort sort the elements using selection sort algorithm.
  • Finally, elements are sorted.

Examples:

  • Click Generate New Array button to generate a new random array.
  • Click Selection Sort  button to perform Visualization.

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    
  <!-- head -->
  <head>
     
    <!-- linking style.css -->
    <link href="style.css" rel="stylesheet" />
  </head>
  
  <!-- body -->
  <body>
    <section class="head">Insertion Sort</section>
    <section class="data-container"></section>
    <section id="ele"></section>
    <div style="margin: auto; width: fit-content;">
  
     <!-- "Generate New Array" button -->
   <button  class="btn1" 
           onclick="generate()" id="Button1" >
     Generate New Array</button>   
     
   <!-- "Insertion Sort" button -->
   <button class="btn2" 
           onclick="InsertionSort(),disable()" 
           id="Button2" >
     Insertion Sort</button>
    </div>     
  </body>
  
  <!-- linking index.js -->
  <script src="index.js"></script>
</html>

CSS




.mySlides {
  display: none;
}
  
body {
  background-color: rgb(255, 235, 211);
  font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;
}
  
.head {
  margin-top: 20px;
  margin-right: 20vw;
  margin-left: 20vw;
  text-align: center;
  font-size: 30px;
  background-color: #6f459e;
  color: white;
  border-radius:19px;
  font-weight: bolder;
}
  
.data-container {
  width: 600px;
  height: 364px;
  position: relative;
  margin: 0 auto;
}
  
.bar {
  width: 28px;
  position: absolute;
  left: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  background-color: rgb(0, 183, 255);
  transition: 0.2s all ease;
}
  
.bar__id {
  position: absolute;
  top: -24px;
  width: 100%;
  text-align: center;
}
.btn1
{
padding: 12px;
font-weight: bolder
background-color: #6f459e
border-radius: 10px
color: white
font-size: 16px
border: white
margin-top: 1vw;
margin-right: 1vw;
}
.btn2
{
padding: 12px
font-weight: bolder
background-color: #6f459e
border-radius: 10px
color: white
font-size: 16px
border: white
}
#ele{
  text-align: center;
  height: 35px;
}

Javascript




const container = 
document.querySelector(".data-container");
  
// Function to generate bars
function generatebars(num = 20) {
  
   //For loop to generate 20 bars
  for (let i = 0; i < num; i += 1) {
  
    // To generate random values from 1 to 100
    const value = Math.floor(Math.random() * 100) + 1;
  
     // To create element "div"
    const bar = document.createElement("div");
  
    // To add class "bar" to "div"
    bar.classList.add("bar");
  
     // Provide height to the bar
    bar.style.height = `${value * 3}px`;
    // Translate the bar towards positive X axis 
    bar.style.transform = `translateX(${i * 30}px)`;
  
    // To create element "label"
    const barLabel = document.createElement("label");
  
    // To add class "bar_id" to "label"
    barLabel.classList.add("bar__id");
  
    // Assign value to "label"
    barLabel.innerHTML = value;
  
    // Append "Label" to "div"
    bar.appendChild(barLabel);
  
    // Append "div" to "data-container div"
    container.appendChild(bar);
  }
}
  
// Asynchronous function to perform "Insertion Sort"
  async function InsertionSort(delay = 600) {
  let bars = document.querySelectorAll(".bar");
  
  // Provide lightgreen colour to 0th bar
  bars[0].style.backgroundColor = " rgb(49, 226, 13)";
  for (var i = 1; i < bars.length; i += 1) {
  
    // Assign i-1 to j
    var j = i - 1;
  
    // To store the integer value of ith bar to key 
    var key = 
    parseInt(bars[i].childNodes[0].innerHTML);
  
    // To store the ith bar height to height
    var height = bars[i].style.height;
     
    // For selecting section having id "ele"
    var barval=document.getElementById("ele")
  
    // For dynamically Updating the selected element
      barval.innerHTML=
      `<h3>Element Selected is :${key}</h3>`;
  
    //Provide darkblue color to the ith bar 
    bars[i].style.backgroundColor = "darkblue";
      
    // To pause the execution of code for 600 milliseconds
    await new Promise((resolve) =>
    setTimeout(() => {
      resolve();
    }, 600)
  );
  
    // For placing selected element at its correct position 
    while (j >= 0 && parseInt(bars[j].childNodes[0].innerHTML) > key) {
        
      // Provide darkblue color to the jth bar
      bars[j].style.backgroundColor = "darkblue";
        
      // For placing jth element over (j+1)th element
      bars[j + 1].style.height = bars[j].style.height;
      bars[j + 1].childNodes[0].innerText = 
      bars[j].childNodes[0].innerText;
  
      // Assign j-1 to j
      j = j - 1;
  
      // To pause the execution of code for 600 milliseconds
      await new Promise((resolve) =>
        setTimeout(() => {
          resolve();
        }, 600)
      );
        
      // Provide lightgreen color to the sorted part
      for(var k=i;k>=0;k--){
        bars[k].style.backgroundColor = " rgb(49, 226, 13)";
      }
    }
  
    // Placing the selected element to its correct position
    bars[j + 1].style.height = height;
    bars[j + 1].childNodes[0].innerHTML = key;
       
    // To pause the execution of code for 600 milliseconds
    await new Promise((resolve) =>
      setTimeout(() => {
        resolve();
      }, 600)
    );
      
    // Provide light green color to the ith bar
    bars[i].style.backgroundColor = " rgb(49, 226, 13)";
  }
  
  barval.innerHTML="<h3>Sorted!!!</h3>";
    
  // To enable the button 
  // "Generate New Array" after final(sorted)
  document.getElementById("Button1")
  .disabled = false;
  document.getElementById("Button1")
  .style.backgroundColor = "#6f459e";
  
  // To enable the button 
  // "Insertion Sort" after final(sorted)
  document.getElementById("Button2")
  .disabled = false;
  document.getElementById("Button2")
  .style.backgroundColor = "#6f459e";
}
  
// Call "generatebars()" function 
generatebars();
  
// Function to generate new random array 
function generate()
{
  window.location.reload();
}
  
// Function to disable the button
function disable()
{
  // To disable the button "Generate New Array"
  document.getElementById("Button1")
  .disabled = true;
  document.getElementById("Button1")
  .style.backgroundColor = "#d8b6ff";
  
  // To disable the button "Insertion Sort"
  document.getElementById("Button2")
  .disabled = true;
  document.getElementById("Button2")
  .style.backgroundColor = "#d8b6ff";  
}

Output:

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