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Importance of Manufacturing Industries

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  • Last Updated : 09 Mar, 2022

Using raw materials for the production of goods that are valuable in large quantities can be termed as manufacturing and industries which can create a finished good from raw material can be termed as manufacturing industries.   The manufacturing industry falls in the secondary sector and it plays a crucial role, in the economic development of the country. As economic growth is measured by the growth of the manufacturing industries.  

We know that India is an agricultural country and the growth that we see in manufacturing industries has modernized farming and it also helped in reducing the heavy dependency of people. Due to this, many employment opportunities was generated. In short, we can say that agriculture and industry both benefit from each other. Now India has agro-based industries in large numbers and agriculture plays an important role in the expansion of manufacturing industries. As manufacturing industry helps the farmer by providing different farming machines, equipments and more.

Introduction to Manufacturing Industries

Manufacturing is the process of turning basic materials into more valuable commodities in big quantities. Manufacturing industries in the secondary sector are those that produce finished goods from raw materials.

Manufacturing industry are critical to a country’s overall, and especially its economic development. The expansion of a country’s manufacturing industries is used to gauge its economic strength.

India has always been a farming country. Agriculture has been modernised as a result of the rise of manufacturing businesses, which has resulted in a huge number of job opportunities. This has lessened people’s reliance on agriculture, allowed us to export commodities to other countries, and built up our foreign exchange reserves, all of which has resulted in overall growth and prosperity. Agriculture and industry both benefit from one another.

A huge number of agro-based industries in India rely on agricultural produce as a source of raw material. Agriculture is critical to the growth of our manufacturing sector. Fertilisers, insecticides, and many sorts of farming machines and equipment are all supplied by the manufacturing industry to farmers. To remain competitive in the worldwide market, we must ensure that our products are of the highest quality.

Importance of the manufacturing industry  

  • The manufacturing sector is regarded as the backbone of both social and economic development.
  • They aid in the modernisation of agriculture and the reduction of people’s significant reliance on agricultural income by offering jobs in the secondary and tertiary sectors.
  • It is the main principle underpinning public sector enterprises and joint sector operations in India that industries serve to reduce unemployment and poverty.
  • By building companies in tribal and backward areas, they reduce regional inequities.
  • Exporting manufactured items boosts trade and brings in much-needed foreign currency.
  • Countries that convert their basic materials into a diverse range of higher-value finished items are affluent.
  • Agriculture and industry are not mutually exclusive. They’re walking hand in hand. In India, for example, agro-industries have provided agriculture a substantial boost by increasing productivity.
  • In today’s globalised world, our sector must become more efficient and competitive, with only the best products remaining competitive.

Contribution of industries to National Economy      

  • Manufacturing’s portion of GDP has remained stable at 17% of GDP, out of a total of 27% for the industry, which includes 10% for mining, quarrying, power, and gas.
  • India’s GDP is substantially lower than that of several East Asian economies, which range from 25 to 35 percent.
  • Manufacturing has grown at a rate of roughly 7% per year on average over the last decade.
  • With proper government policy interventions and increased efforts by industry to improve productivity, the desired growth rate over the following decade is 12%.
  • The National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council (NMCC) was established solely for this purpose.

Sample Questions 

Question 1: Mention the problems which get generated due to industries?  

Answer:

As industry helps us to solve different problems, it also has a side effects. The side effect is the damage that it provides to the environment. Industries are kind of responsible for pollution and it can be of different types which are: –  

  1. Air pollution  
  2. Land Pollution  
  3. Water Pollution  
  4. Noise Pollution  
  5. Thermal Pollution  

Question 2: What is the importance of the manufacturing industry?  

Answer:

The sector of manufacturing is viewed as the backbone for development. It is considered for some reasons-

  1. The manufacturing sector helped us in modernizing the agricultural sector.  
  2. This sector has also helped in the elimination of the unemployness and mostly elimination of poverty.  
  3. It is a sector which can also give a proper boost to the economy of our country.  

Question 3: Why aluminium smelting get famous?  

Answer: 

It got famous because we can use this as a substitute for steel, copper and more in different industries.

Question 4: Define Air Pollution.  

Answer:

It is a type of pollution which is caused by some gases which is not at all desirable. We can name some of them which are: – carbon monoxide, Sulphur dioxide and more. From factories like chemicals and others, smoke is emitted which leads to air pollution. This air pollution also affects humans, plants and more.  

Question 5: How do manufacturing industries help agriculture?

Answer:

Manufacturing industries not only assist in modernising agriculture, which is the foundation of our economy, but they also help to minimise people’s heavy reliance on agriculture income by creating jobs in secondary and tertiary sectors.

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