How to print to stderr and stdout in Python?
In Python, whenever we use print() the text is written to Python’s sys.stdout, whenever input() is used, it comes from sys.stdin, and whenever exceptions occur it is written to sys.stderr.
We can redirect the output of our code to a file other than stdout. But you may be wondering why one should do this? The reason can be to keep a log of your code’s output or to make your code shut up i.e. not sending any output to the stdout. Let’s see how to do it with the below examples.
What is Python stderr?
This file handle receives error information from the user program. The Standard error returns errors stderr. we will see different examples of using stderr.
Method 1: Using Python stderr
It is comparable to stdout in that it likewise prints straight to the console, but the key distinction is that it prints only Exceptions and Error messages which is why it is called Standard Error in Python.
Method 2: Using Python sys.stderr.write() function
When used in interactive mode, sys.stderr.write() accomplishes the same task as the object it stands for, with the exception that it also prints the text’s letter count.
Method 3: Using Python logging.warning function
A built-in Python package tool called logging.warning enables publishing status messages to files or other output streams. The file may provide details about which portion of the code is run and any issues that have come up.
Error: Hello World GeeksforGeeks
What is Python stdout?
This file handle receives regular information from the user program. The output is made available through the standard output stdout from sys module.
Method 1: Using Python sys.stdout method
stdout in Python is similar to sys.stdin, but it directly displays anything written to it to the Console.
Method 2: Using Python print() function
Python print() function prints the message to the screen or any other standard output device. In the print() function, it requires an empty parenthesis at the end that tells Python to execute the function rather than calling it by name.
Method 3: Using Python sys.stdout.write() function
The sys.stdout.write() serves the same purpose as the object stands for except it prints the number of letters within the text too when used in interactive mode
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