We are provided with a number N. Our task is to generate all the Hailstone Numbers from N and find the number of steps taken by N to reduce to 1.
Collatz Conjecture: A problem posed by L. Collatz in 1937, also called the 3x+1 mapping, 3n+1 problem. Let N be a integer. According to Collatz conjecture, if we keep iterating N as following
N = N / 2 // For Even N
and N = 3 * (N-1) + 1 // For Odd N
Our number will eventually converge to 1 irrespective of the choice of N.
Hailstone Numbers: The sequence of integers generated by Collatz conjecture are called Hailstone Numbers.
Input : N = 7 Output : Hailstone Numbers: 7, 22, 11, 34, 17, 52, 26, 13, 40, 20, 10, 5, 16, 8, 4, 2, 1 No. of steps Required: 17 Input : N = 9 Output : Hailstone Numbers: 9, 28, 14, 7, 22, 11, 34, 17, 52, 26, 13, 40, 20, 10, 5, 16, 8, 4, 2, 1 No. of steps Required: 20 In the first example, N = 7. The numbers will be calculated as follows: 7 3 * 7 + 1 = 22 // Since 7 is odd. 22 / 2 = 11 // 22 is even. 3 * 11 + 1 = 34 // 11 is odd. .... and so on upto 1.
The idea is simple, we recursively print numbers until we reach base case.
7 22 11 34 17 52 26 13 40 20 10 5 16 8 4 2 1 Number of Steps: 17
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