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Grid Container

Last Updated : 03 Jan, 2024
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The Grid Container is the container element where the property display with a value grid or the inline-grid is used for defining their direct children into a grid layout. The Grid Container offers various properties these are grid-template-columns Property, grid-template-rows Property, justify-content Property, and align-content property.

We will explore the above topics with the help of suitable examples.

Grid Container with display “grid” property

The “display: grid” property in CSS is used to create a grid container, allowing efficient organization of elements in rows and columns for responsive and structured web layouts.

Syntax

.gridbox {
    display: grid;
}

The grid-template-columns Property

The grid-template-columns property is used to define the number of columns in the grid.

Example 1: The example illustrates defining a grid with grid-template-columns property for making columns.

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, 
                                   initial-scale=1.0">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
</head>
  
<body>
    <div class="gridbox">
        <div class="divclass" id="div1">box1</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div2">box2</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div3">box3</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div4">box4</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div5">box5</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div6">box6</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div7">box7</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div8">box8</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div9">box9</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div10">box10</div>
    </div>
  
</body>
  
</html>


CSS




.gridbox{
    display: grid;
    row-gap: 10px;
    column-gap: 10px;
    grid-template-columns: 1fr 2fr 1fr 1fr;
    background-colorrgb(186, 226, 186);
    padding: 5px;
    border: 2px solid rgb(177, 206, 177);
}
.divclass{
    border: 2px solid green;
    text-align: center;
}


Output:

box1

grid-template-columns

Example 2: The example illustrates how to define a grid with grid-template-columns property for making columns.

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, 
                                   initial-scale=1.0">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
</head>
  
<body>
    <div class="gridbox">
        <div class="divclass" id="div1">box1</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div2">box2</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div3">box3</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div4">box4</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div5">box5</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div6">box6</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div7">box7</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div8">box8</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div9">box9</div>
    </div>
  
</body>
  
</html>


CSS




.gridbox{
    display: grid;
    row-gap: 10px;
    column-gap: 10px;
    grid-template-columns: 100px 200px auto;
    background-colorrgb(186, 226, 186);
    padding: 5px;
    border: 2px solid rgb(177, 206, 177);
}
.divclass{
    border: 2px solid green;
    text-align: center;
}


Output:

box2

grid-template-columns

The grid-template-rows Property

The grid-template-rows property is used to define the height of the rows in the grid.

Syntax

.grid-box{
  display: grid;
  grid-template-rows: 50px, 150px;
} 

Example 1: The example illustrates how to define a grid with grid-template-rows property for giving rows height.

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,
                                   initial-scale=1.0">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
</head>
  
<body>
    <div class="gridbox">
        <div class="divclass" id="div1">box1</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div2">box2</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div3">box3</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div4">box4</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div5">box5</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div6">box6</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div7">box7</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div8">box8</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div9">box9</div>
    </div>
  
</body>
  
</html>


CSS




.gridbox{
    display: grid;
    row-gap: 10px;
    column-gap: 10px;
    grid-template-columns: 200px 200px auto;
    grid-template-rows: 50px 80px;
    background-color: rgb(178, 234, 178);
      
}
.divclass{
    border: 2px solid green;
    background-color: rgb(232, 245, 232);
    text-align: center;
    padding: 2px;
    font-size: 20px;
}


Output:

gridrow

grid-template-rows

The justify-content Property

The justify-content property is used to horizontally align the complete grid inside the container.

Syntax

.grid-box {
    display: grid;
    justify-content: space-between;
}

Property with Syntax

Descriptions

justify-content: center; The property aligns the complete grid to the center
justify-content: space-between; The property distributes the complete space equally, leaving no space at the beginning or end.
justify-content: space-evenly; The property distributes the equal space at the beginning, between, and at the end.
justify-content: space-around; The property creates equal space at the beginning, between, and at the end.
justify-content: end; The property aligns the complete grid to the end.
justify-content: start; The property aligns the complete grid to the start.

Example 1: The example illustrates property justify-content and value as space-between.

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, 
                                   initial-scale=1.0">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
</head>
  
<body>
    <div class="grid-box">
        <div class="divclass" id="div1">box1</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div2">box2</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div3">box3</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div4">box4</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div5">box5</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div6">box6</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div7">box7</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div8">box8</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div9">box9</div>
    </div>
  
</body>
  
</html>


CSS




.grid-box{
    display: grid;
    gap: 5px;
    grid-template-columns: 200px 200px auto;
    grid-template-rows: 50px 150px;
    justify-content: space-between;
    border: 2px solid green;
    background-color: rgb(188, 233, 188);
    padding: 10px;
}
.divclass{
    border: 3px solid green;
    padding: 5px;
    text-align: center;
}


Output:

box3

justify-content: space-between

Example 2: The example illustrates property justify-content and value as an end.

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, 
                                   initial-scale=1.0">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
</head>
  
<body>
  
    <div class="grid-box">
        <div class="divclass" id="div1">box1</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div2">box2</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div3">box3</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div4">box4</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div5">box5</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div6">box6</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div7">box7</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div8">box8</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div9">box9</div>
    </div>
  
</body>
  
</html>


CSS




.grid-box{
    display: grid;
    gap: 5px;
    grid-template-columns: 200px 200px auto;
    grid-template-rows: 50px 150px;
    justify-content: end;
    border: 2px solid green;
    background-color: rgb(188, 233, 188);
    padding: 10px;
}
.divclass{
    border: 3px solid green;
    padding: 5px;
    text-align: center;
}


Output:

box5

justify-content: end

The align-content Property

The align-content property is used for vertically aligning the complete grid inside the container.

Syntax

.grid-box{
    display: grid;
    align-content: center;
}

Property with Syntax

Descriptions

align-content: center; The property vertically aligns the complete grid to the center.
align-content: space-between; The property distributes the complete space equally, leaving no space at the beginning or end.
align-content: space-evenly; The property distributes the equal space at the beginning, between, and at the end.
align-content: space-around; The property creates equal space at the beginning, between, and at the end.
align-content: end; The property vertically aligns the complete grid to the end.
align-content: start; The property vertically aligns the complete grid to the start.

Example 1: The example illustrates property align-content with the value center.

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, 
                                   initial-scale=1.0">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
</head>
  
<body>
  
    <div class="grid-box">
        <div class="divclass" id="div1">box1</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div2">box2</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div3">box3</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div4">box4</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div5">box5</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div6">box6</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div7">box7</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div8">box8</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div9">box9</div>
    </div>
  
</body>
  
</html>


CSS




.grid-box{
    display: grid;
    gap: 5px;
    grid-template-columns: 200px 200px auto;
    align-content: center;
    border: 2px solid green;
    background-color: rgb(188, 233, 188);
    padding: 10px;
    height: 240px;
}
.divclass{
    border: 3px solid green;
    padding: 5px;
    text-align: center;
}


Output:

box6

align-content: center

Example 2: The example illustrates to property align-content with value end.

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" 
          content="width=device-width, 
                   initial-scale=1.0">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
</head>
  
<body>
    <div class="grid-box">
        <div class="divclass" id="div1">box1</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div2">box2</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div3">box3</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div4">box4</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div5">box5</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div6">box6</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div7">box7</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div8">box8</div>
        <div class="divclass" id="div9">box9</div>
    </div>
</body>
  
</html>


CSS




.grid-box{
    display: grid;
    gap: 5px;
    grid-template-columns: 200px 200px auto;
    align-content: end;
    border: 2px solid green;
    background-color: rgb(188, 233, 188);
    padding: 10px;
    height: 240px;
}
.divclass{
    border: 3px solid green;
    padding: 5px;
    text-align: center;
}


Output:

box7

align-content: end



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