Java does not support goto, it is reserved as a keyword just in case they wanted to add it to a later version.
- Unlike C/C++, Java does not have goto statement, but java supports label.
- The only place where a label is useful in Java is right before nested loop statements.
- We can specify label name with break to break out a specific outer loop.
- Similarly, label name can be specified with continue.
Using break with label in Java
value of j = 0
Using continue with label in Java
We can also use continue instead of break. See following program for example.
value of j = 0 value of j = 0 value of j = 0 value of j = 0 value of j = 0 value of j = 0 value of j = 0 value of j = 0 value of j = 0 value of j = 0
Explanation : Since continue statement skips to the next iteration in the loop, it iterates for 10 times as i iterates from 0 to 9. So the outer loop executes for 10 times and the inner for loop executes 1 time in each of the outer loops.
Java does not have a goto statement because it provides a way to branch in an arbitrary and unstructured manner. This usually makes goto-ridden code hard to understand and hard to maintain. It also prohibits certain compiler optimization. There are, however, a few places where the goto is a valuable and legitimate construct for flow control. For example, the goto can be useful when you are exiting from a deeply nested set of loops. To handle such situations, Jave defines an expanded form of the break statement.
The general form of the labelled break statement is:
Before the break This is after the second block
Pass 0: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Loops Complete.
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