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Evaluate an array expression with numbers, + and –

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 04 Aug, 2022
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Given an array arr[] of string type which consists of strings “+”, “-” and Numbers. Find the sum of the given array. 

Examples : 

Input : arr[] = {"3", "+", "4", "-", "7", "+", "13"}
Output : Value = 13
The value of expression 3+4-7+13 is 13.

Input : arr[] = { "2", "+", "1", "-8", "+", "13"}
Output : Value = 8

Approach : 

  1. First of all, initialize the sum i.e, sum = 0. 
  2. Start traversing the array. 
  3. As there is string of numbers at every even position of the array, so convert this string into integer and store in a variable value by using stoi function in C++
  4. As there is operator at every odd position, check if the operator is ‘+’ or ‘-‘. If it is ‘+’, then add the value to the sum, else subtract from the sum. 
  5. Finally, return the sum obtained.

Below is the implementation of the above approach :

C++




// C++ program to find sum of given array of
// string type in integer form
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the sum of given array
int calculateSum(string arr[], int n)
{  
    // if string is empty
    if (n == 0)
       return 0;
 
    string s = arr[0];
 
    // stoi function to convert
    // string into integer
    int value = stoi(s);
    int sum = value;
 
    for (int i = 2; i < n; i = i + 2)
    {
        s = arr[i];
 
        // stoi function to convert
        // string into integer
        int value = stoi(s);
 
        // Find operator
        char operation = arr[i - 1][0];
 
        // If operator is equal to '+',
        // add value in sum variable
        // else subtract
        if (operation == '+')
            sum += value;
        else
            sum -= value;
    }
    return sum;
}
 
// Driver Function
int main()
{
    string arr[] = { "3", "+", "4", "-",
                     "7", "+", "13" };
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);  
    cout << calculateSum(arr, n);  
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to find sum of given array of
// string type in integer form
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG {
     
    // Function to find the sum of given array
    public static int calculateSum(String arr[], int n)
    {
        // if string is empty
        if (n == 0)
        return 0;
        String s = arr[0];
         
        // parseInt function to convert
        // string into integer
        int value = Integer.parseInt(s);
        int sum = value;
     
        for (int i = 2; i < n; i = i + 2)
        {
            s = arr[i];
     
            // parseInt function to convert
            // string into integer
            value = Integer.parseInt(s);
     
            // Find operator
            char operation = arr[i - 1].charAt(0);
     
            // If operator is equal to '+',
            // add value in sum variable
            // else subtract
            if (operation == '+')
                sum += value;
            else
                sum -= value;
        }
        return sum;
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main (String[] args)
    {
        String arr[] = { "3", "+", "4", "-",
                        "7", "+", "13" };
        int n = arr.length;
        System.out.println( calculateSum(arr, n));
    }
}
 
// This code in contributed by Upendra bartwal

Python 3




# Python3 program to find sum of given
# array of string type in integer form
 
# Function to find the sum of given array
def calculateSum(arr, n):
 
    # if string is empty
    if (n == 0):
        return 0
 
    s = arr[0]
 
    # stoi function to convert
    # string into integer
    value = int(s)
    sum = value
 
    for i in range(2 , n, 2):
     
        s = arr[i]
 
        # stoi function to convert
        # string into integer
        value = int(s)
 
        # Find operator
        operation = arr[i - 1][0]
 
        # If operator is equal to '+',
        # add value in sum variable
        # else subtract
        if (operation == '+'):
            sum += value
        else:
            sum -= value
     
    return sum
 
# Driver Function
arr = ["3", "+", "4", "-","7", "+", "13"]
n = len(arr)
print(calculateSum(arr, n))
 
# This code is contributed by Smitha

C#




// C# program to find sum of given array of
// string type in integer form
using System;
 
class GFG {
     
    // Function to find the sum of given array
    public static int calculateSum(string []arr,
                                          int n)
    {
         
        // if string is empty
        if (n == 0)
            return 0;
        string s = arr[0];
         
        // parseInt function to convert
        // string into integer
        int value = int.Parse(s);
        int sum = value;
     
        for (int i = 2; i < n; i = i + 2)
        {
            s = arr[i];
     
            // parseInt function to convert
            // string into integer
            value = int.Parse(s);
     
            // Find operator
            char operation = arr[i - 1][0];
     
            // If operator is equal to '+',
            // add value in sum variable
            // else subtract
            if (operation == '+')
                sum += value;
            else
                sum -= value;
        }
         
        return sum;
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void Main ()
    {
        string []arr = { "3", "+", "4", "-",
                           "7", "+", "13" };
        int n = arr.Length;
         
        Console.Write(calculateSum(arr, n));
    }
}
 
// This code in contributed by nitin mittal.

PHP




<?php
// php program to find sum of given
// array of string type in integer form
 
// Function to find the
// sum of given array
function calculateSum($arr,$n)
{
     
    // if string is empty
    if ($n == 0)
    return 0;
 
    $s = $arr[0];
 
    // stoi function to convert
    // string into integer
    $value = (int)$s;
    $sum = $value;
    for ($i = 2; $i < $n; $i = $i + 2)
    {
        $s = $arr[$i];
         
        // cast to convert
        // string into integer
        $value = (int)$s;
 
        // Find operator
        $operation = $arr[$i - 1];
 
        // If operator is equal to '+',
        // add value in sum variable
        // else subtract
        if ($operation == '+')
            $sum += $value;
        else if ($operation == '-')
            $sum -= $value;
    }
    return $sum;
}
 
    // Driver code
    $arr = array("3", "+", "4", "-",
                 "7", "+", "13" );
    $n = sizeof($arr) / sizeof($arr[0]);
    echo calculateSum($arr, $n);
 
// This code is contributed by mits
?>

Javascript




<script>
    // Javascript program to find sum of given array of
    // string type in integer form   
     
    // Function to find the sum of given array
    function calculateSum(arr, n)
    {
           
        // if string is empty
        if (n == 0)
            return 0;
        let s = arr[0];
           
        // parseInt function to convert
        // string into integer
        let value = parseInt(s);
        let sum = value;
       
        for (let i = 2; i < n; i = i + 2)
        {
            s = arr[i];
       
            // parseInt function to convert
            // string into integer
            value = parseInt(s);
       
            // Find operator
            let operation = arr[i - 1][0];
       
            // If operator is equal to '+',
            // add value in sum variable
            // else subtract
            if (operation == '+')
                sum += value;
            else
                sum -= value;
        }
           
        return sum;
    }
     
    let arr = [ "3", "+", "4", "-", "7", "+", "13" ];
    let n = arr.length;
 
    document.write(calculateSum(arr, n));
     
    // This code is contributed by vaibhavrabadiya117.
</script>

Output

13

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

 


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